Document Detail

Abdominal decompression for suspected fetal compromise/pre-eclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10796079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Abdominal decompression was developed as a means of pain relief during labour. It has also been used for complications of pregnancy, and in healthy pregnant women in an attempt to improve fetal wellbeing and intellectual development.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the effects of antenatal abdominal decompression for maternal hypertension or impaired fetal growth, on perinatal outcome.
SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched. Date of last search: February 1998.
SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised or quasi-randomised trials comparing abdominal decompression with no decompression in women with pre-eclampsia and/or fetuses thought to be compromised.
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Eligibility and trial quality were assessed by one reviewer.
MAIN RESULTS: Three studies were included, all with the possibility of containing serious bias. Therapeutic abdominal decompression was associated with the following reductions: persistent pre-eclampsia (relative risk 0.36, 95% confidence interval 0.18 to 0.72); fetal distress in labour (relative risk 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.19 to 0.71); low birthweight (relative risk 0.50, 95% confidence interval 0.40 to 0. 63); Apgar scores less than six at one minute (relative risk 0.26, 95% confidence interval 0.12 to 0.56); and perinatal mortality (relative risk 0.39, 95% confidence interval 0.22 to 0.71).
REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: Due to the methodological limitations of the studies, the effects of therapeutic abdominal decompression are not clear. The apparent improvements in birthweight and perinatal mortality warrant further evaluation of abdominal decompression where there is impaired fetal growth and possibly for women with pre-eclampsia.
G J Hofmeyr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cochrane database of systematic reviews     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-493X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cochrane Database Syst Rev     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-06     Completed Date:  2000-07-06     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909747     Medline TA:  Cochrane Database Syst Rev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  CD000004     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Fetal Diseases / prevention & control*
Lower Body Negative Pressure*
Pre-Eclampsia / prevention & control*
Pregnancy Outcome
Update In:
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;6:CD000004   [PMID:  22696313 ]

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