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Abdominal aortitis in HLA-B27+ spondyloarthritis: Case report with 5-year follow-up and literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24935530     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Aortic disease is a known complication of HLA-B27-associated spondyloarthritis. We present the case of a 52-year-old HLA-B27-positive woman with aortitis of the abdominal aorta and spondyloarthritis.
METHODS: In addition to the case reported, a literature search (MEDLINE) for articles published between 1946 and September 2013 was performed using combinations of the MEDLINE subject headings keywords "spondylarthritis," "ankylosing spondylitis," "reactive arthritis," "psoriatic arthritis," "aortitis," and "abdominal aorta." Relevant references were retrieved.
RESULTS: Case report: Our patient presented to the ER in June 2008 with a 3-week history of worsening of severe cramping lower abdominal pain. Her history also included recurrent acute episodes of iritis, which eventually led to enucleation of her left eye despite treatment with corticosteroids. CT of the abdomen showed findings suggesting aortitis of the abdominal aorta. She responded to therapy with prednisone, and follow-up imaging showed eventual resolution of the aortitis. She later went on to be diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis with spondylitis. Review of literature: Six previously reported cases of abdominal aortitis in spondyloarthritis were found. Four of these were reported in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, one in reactive arthritis, and one in psoriatic arthritis. The first case reported was in 1958 and the most recent in 2012.
CONCLUSIONS: Rheumatologists should be aware of the possibility of abdominal aortitis occurring in their patients with SpA and should consider it as part of the differential diagnosis in a SpA patient with unexplained visceral pain or systemic features out of proportion to clinically apparent disease.
Authors:
Gurinder S Grewal; Jonathon Leipsic; Alice V Klinkhoff
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-866X     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Arthritis Rheum.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306053     Medline TA:  Semin Arthritis Rheum     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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