Document Detail

Abdominal aortic aneurysms: an underestimated type of immune-mediated large vessel arteritis?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16344619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent studies on the immune-mediated pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms, opening a wide field for possible new therapeutic approaches. RECENT FINDINGS: Immune-mediated processes including involvement of neutrophils, interferon-gamma producing T cells and proinflammatory cytokines play an important role especially in the initiation of abdominal aortic aneurysm disease. C-reactive protein was associated with aneurysm size and is possibly produced by the aneurysmal tissue itself. From the clinical perspective, both inflammatory and noninflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms are associated with various autoimmune diseases. Preliminary data of F-FDG positron emission tomography imaging of abdominal aortic aneurysms suggest focal uptake of F-FDG within the aneurysm wall in patients with either large, rapidly expanding or symptomatic aneurysms that are prone to rupture. Thus basic research findings and clinical research focusing on the underlying immune-mediated mechanisms of abdominal aortic aneurysms will likely pave the way for new medical therapies in the future. In animal models the effects of rapamycin as an immunosuppressive agent, modulation of estrogen receptors by tamoxifen as well as gene therapy using decoy oligonucleotides binding to the transcription factor ets has already proved helpful in decreasing aneurysm expansion rates. SUMMARY: Pathophysiological, immunogenetical and interventional studies support the concept of abdominal aortic aneurysm as an immune-mediated process, which will help to identify more laboratory and imaging signs of development in the future. Further research will now assess the possible benefit of antiinflammatory therapeutic approaches, especially in patients with small abdominal aortic aneurysms.
Michael Schirmer; Christina Duftner; Ruediger Seiler; Christian Dejaco; Gustav Fraedrich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in rheumatology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1040-8711     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Rheumatol     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-13     Completed Date:  2006-04-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000851     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Rheumatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  48-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Austria, Innsbruck Medical University, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnosis,  immunology*,  physiopathology
Arteritis / complications,  immunology*

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