Document Detail

Abdominal Ultrasound With Scintigraphic and Clinical Correlates in Infants With Sickle Cell Anemia: Baseline Data From the BABY HUG Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21606305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to perform and evaluate baseline abdominal ultrasound in infants with sickle cell anemia who participated in the BABY HUG multiinstitutional randomized placebo-controlled trial of hydroxyurea therapy and to examine the potential relationships among ultrasound results and clinical, nuclear medicine, and laboratory data. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: After local institutional review board approval and with informed guardian consent, 116 girls and 87 boys (age range, 7.5-18 months) with sickle cell anemia underwent standardized abdominal sonography at 14 institutions. Imaging was centrally reviewed by one radiologist who assessed and measured the spleen, kidneys, gallbladder, and common bile duct. Baseline physical assessment of spleen size, serum alanine aminotransferase and bilirubin levels, (99m)Tc sulfur colloid liver-spleen scans, and (99m)Tc diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid clearance glomerular filtration rates (GFRs) were obtained. Analysis of variance and the Student test were performed to compare sonographic findings to published results in healthy children and to clinical and laboratory findings. RESULTS: The mean (± SD) spleen volume (108 ± 47 mL) was significantly greater than published normal control values (30 ± 14 mL; p < 0.0001). There was no correlation between spleen volume and function assessed by liver-spleen scan. The mean GFR (125 ± 34 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) was elevated compared with control GFRs (92 ± 18 mL/min/1.73 m(2)). Renal volumes (right kidney, 29 ± 8 mL; left kidney, 31 ± 9 mL) were significantly greater than control volumes (right kidney, 27 ± 3 mL; left kidney, 27 ± 3 mL; p < 0.0001) and were positively correlated with GFR (p = 0.0009). Five percent of patients had sonographic biliary abnormalities (sludge, n = 6; dilated common bile duct, n = 2; and cholelithiasis and thickened gallbladder wall, n = 1 each). There was no correlation between biliary sonographic findings and laboratory results. CONCLUSION: In infants with sickle cell anemia, sonographic spleen volume does not reflect function, but increased renal volume correlates with GFR and is consistent with hyperfiltration. Sonographic biliary abnormalities can occur early in life, while remaining clinically silent.
M Beth McCarville; Zhaoyu Luo; Xiangke Huang; Renee C Rees; Zora R Rogers; Scott T Miller; Bruce Thompson; Ram Kalpatthi; Winfred C Wang;
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJR. American journal of roentgenology     Volume:  196     ISSN:  1546-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708173     Medline TA:  AJR Am J Roentgenol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1399-1404     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Pl, Mail Stop 210, Memphis TN, 38105.
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