Document Detail

ATP-dependent potassium channels and mitochondrial permeability transition pores play roles in the cardioprotection of theaflavin in young rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21503789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Previous studies have confirmed that tea polyphenols possess a broad spectrum of biological functions such as anti-oxidative, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and cardiovascular protection activities, as well as anti-cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury properties. But the effect of tea polyphenols on ischemia/reperfusion heart has not been well elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of theaflavin (TF1) and its underlying mechanism. Young male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: (1) the control group; (2) TF1 group; (3) glibenclamide + TF1 group; (4) 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) + TF1 group; and (5) atractyloside + TF1 group. The Langendorff technique was used to record cardiac function in isolated rat heart before and after 30 min of global ischemia followed by 60 min of reperfusion. The parameters of cardiac function, including left ventricular developing pressure (LVDP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), maximal differentials of LVDP (±LVdP/dt (max)) and coronary flow (CF), were measured. The results showed: (1) compared with the control group, TF1 (10, 20, 40 μmol/l) displayed a better recovery of cardiac function after ischemia/reperfusion in a concentration-dependent manner. At 60 min of reperfusion, LVDP, ±LVdP/dt (max) and CF in the TF1 group were much higher than those in the control group, whereas left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) in the TF1 group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.01). (2) Pretreatment with glibenclamide (10 μmol/l), a K(ATP) antagonist, completely abolished the cardioprotective effects of TF1 (20 μmol/l). Also, most of the effects of TF1 (20 μmol/l) on cardiac function after 60 min of reperfusion were reversed by 5-HD (100 μmol/l), a selective mitochondria K(ATP) antagonist. (3) Atractyloside (20 μmol/l), a mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opener, administered at the beginning of 15 min of reperfusion completely abolished the cardioprotection of TF1 (20 μmol/l). The results indicate that TF1 protects the rat heart against ischemia/reperfusion injury through the opening of K(ATP) channels, particularly on the mitochondrial membrane, and inhibits mPTP opening.
Huijie Ma; Xinli Huang; Qian Li; Yue Guan; Fang Yuan; Yi Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of physiological sciences : JPS     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1880-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262417     Medline TA:  J Physiol Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Physiology, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050017, China,
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