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ASSESSMENT OF Cryptococcus albidus FOR BIOPULPING OF EUCALYPTUS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23876135     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cryptococcus albidus shows delignification activity in nature. It was used for the biopulping of eucalyptus wood (Eucalyptus grandis) to access its potential for industrial application in the pulp and paper industry. Enzyme analysis on days 15, 30, and 60 showed the presence of laccase and xylanase as key enzymes. The production of endo-glucanase (CMCase) and exo-glucanase (FPase) was very low. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed the surface colonization of wood and loosening of wood fibers in C. albidus-treated samples. Fourier-transformation infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) indicated the chemical modification of eucalyptus wood. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis on days 15, 30, and 60 confirmed the presence of C. albidus throughout the experiments. Cryptococcu albidus was able to suppress the growth of a native population. Further, after 60 days both the control and treated eucalyptus wood chips were given kraft pulping treatment. The kappa number of pulp of control wood was 21 and for treated wood was 17. Kappa number is considered a measure of lignin content in wood; hence the treatment of eucalyptus by C. albidus (biopulping) was effective in reducing its lignin content and can be used for biopulping in the pulp and paper industry.
Authors:
Anjali Singhal; Prashant Kumar Jaiswal; Pawan Kumar Jha; Alka Thapliyal; Indu Shekhar Thakur
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preparative biochemistry & biotechnology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1532-2297     ISO Abbreviation:  Prep. Biochem. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607037     Medline TA:  Prep Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  735-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University , New Delhi , India.
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