Document Detail


The "AQUASCOPE" simplified model for predicting 89,90Sr, 131I, and 134,137Cs in surface waters after a large-scale radioactive fallout.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16282796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Simplified dynamic models have been developed for predicting the concentrations of radiocesium, radiostrontium, and I in surface waters and freshwater fish following a large-scale radioactive fallout. The models are intended to give averaged estimates for radionuclides in water bodies and in fish for all times after a radioactive fallout event. The models are parameterized using empirical data collected for many lakes and rivers in Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, UK, Finland, Italy, The Netherlands, and Germany. These measurements span a long time period after fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons testing and following the Chernobyl accident. The models thus developed were tested against independent measurements from the Kiev Reservoir and Chernobyl Cooling Pond (Ukraine) and the Sozh River (Belarus) after the Chernobyl accident, from Lake Uruskul (Russia), following the Kyshtym accident in 1957, and from Haweswater Reservoir (UK), following atmospheric nuclear weapons testing. The AQUASCOPE models (implemented in EXCEL spreadsheets) and model documentation are available free of charge from the corresponding author.
Authors:
J T Smith; N V Belova; A A Bulgakov; R N J Comans; A V Konoplev; A V Kudelsky; M J Madruga; O V Voitsekhovitch; G Zibold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health physics     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0017-9078     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Phys     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-11     Completed Date:  2005-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985093R     Medline TA:  Health Phys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  628-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset DT2 8ZD, UK. jts@ceh.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cesium Radioisotopes / analysis*
Fishes / metabolism
Fresh Water / chemistry*
Iodine Radioisotopes / analysis*
Radioactive Fallout / analysis*
Strontium Radioisotopes / analysis*
Water Pollutants, Radioactive / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cesium Radioisotopes; 0/Iodine Radioisotopes; 0/Radioactive Fallout; 0/Strontium Radioisotopes; 0/Water Pollutants, Radioactive

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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