Document Detail

AGGF1 protects from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury by regulating myocardial apoptosis and angiogenesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24893993     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Angiogenic factor with G patch and FHA domains 1 (AGGF1) is a newly identified proangiogenic protein, which plays an important role in vascular disease and angiogenesis. However, its role in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unknown. This study investigated whether AGGF1 is involved in the pathogenesis of mouse myocardial I/R injury and the underlying mechanisms. Wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 J mice were treated at 30 min prior to I/R injury with anti-AGGF1 neutralizing antibody (3 mg/kg) or recombinant human AGGF1 (rhAGGF1, 0.25 mg/kg). After I/R injury, the infarct size, the number of TUNEL-positive cardiomyocytes, Bax/Bcl2 ratio, inflammatory cytokine expression and angiogenesis were markedly increased as compared with sham control. Treatment of WT mice with anti-AGGF1 neutralizing antibody resulted in exaggeration of myocardial I/R injury but reducing angiogenesis. In contrast, administration of rhAGGF1 markedly reversed these effects. Furthermore, anti-AGGF1- or rhAGGF1-mediated effects on I/R-induced cardiac apoptosis, inflammation and angiogenesis were dose dependent. In addition, the protective effects of AGGF1 on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and inflammation were confirmed in cultured cardiomyocytes after I/R. Finally, these effects were associated with activation of ERK1/2, Stat3 and HIF-1α/VEGF pathways and inhibition of activation of NF-κB, p53 and JNK1/2 pathways. In conclusion, we report the first in vivo and in vitro evidence that AGGF1 reduces myocardial apoptosis and inflammation and enhances angiogenesis, leading to decreased infarct size after I/R injury. These results may provide a novel therapeutic approach for ischemic heart diseases.
Yu Liu; Hui Yang; Lina Song; Nan Li; Qiu-Yue Han; Cui Tian; Erhe Gao; Jie Du; Yun-Long Xia; Hui-Hua Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-675X     ISO Abbreviation:  Apoptosis     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712129     Medline TA:  Apoptosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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