Document Detail

ACGME case logs: Surgery resident experience in operative trauma for two decades.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188243     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Surgery resident education is based on experiential training, which is influenced by changes in clinical management strategies, technical and technologic advances, and administrative regulations. Trauma care has been exposed to each of these factors, prompting concerns about resident experience in operative trauma. The current study analyzed the reported volume of operative trauma for the last two decades; to our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of nationwide trends during such an extended time line.
METHODS: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) database of operative logs was queried from academic year (AY) 1989-1990 to 2009-2010 to identify shifts in trauma operative experience. Annual case log data for each cohort of graduating surgery residents were combined into approximately 5-year blocks, designated Period I (AY1989-1990 to AY1993-1994), Period II (AY1994-1995 to AY1998-1999), Period III (AY1999-2000 to AY2002-2003), and Period IV (AY2003-2004 to AY2009-2010). The latter two periods were delineated by the year in which duty hour restrictions were implemented.
RESULTS: Overall general surgery caseload increased from Period I to Period II (p < 0.001), remained stable from Period II to Period III, and decreased from Period III to Period IV (p < 0.001). However, for ACGME-designated trauma cases, there were significant declines from Period I to Period II (75.5 vs. 54.5 cases, p < 0.001) and Period II to Period III (54.5 vs. 39.3 cases, p < 0.001) but no difference between Period III and Period IV (39.3 vs. 39.4 cases). Graduating residents in Period I performed, on average, 31 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including approximately five spleen and four liver operations. Residents in Period IV performed 17 intra-abdominal trauma operations, including three spleen and approximately two liver operations.
CONCLUSION: Recent general surgery trainees perform fewer trauma operations than previous trainees. The majority of this decline occurred before implementation of work-hour restrictions. Although these changes reflect concurrent changes in management of trauma, surgical educators must meet the challenge of training residents in procedures less frequently performed.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Epidemiologic study, level III; therapeutic study, level IV.
Frederick Thurston Drake; Erik G Van Eaton; Ciara R Huntington; Gregory J Jurkovich; Shahram Aarabi; Kenneth W Gow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of trauma and acute care surgery     Volume:  73     ISSN:  2163-0763     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma Acute Care Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  2013-08-22     Revised Date:  2014-11-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101570622     Medline TA:  J Trauma Acute Care Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1500-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Educational Measurement / statistics & numerical data
General Surgery / education,  statistics & numerical data
Internship and Residency / statistics & numerical data*
Traumatology / education*,  statistics & numerical data
United States
Wounds and Injuries / surgery*
Grant Support

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