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ABO Blood Type Does Not Influence the Risk of Cardiovascular Complications and Mortality after Vascular Surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23305785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Thrombotic complications are common in vascular surgery patients. Non-O blood types are associated with an increased risk of thrombo-embolic diseases. The aim of this study is to assess the prognostic implications of non-O vs. O blood type regarding 30-day cardiovascular events and long-term mortality after vascular surgery. METHODS: The population of this retrospective cohort study consisted of 4679 patients undergoing elective major vascular surgery between the years 1990 and 2011. Baseline characteristics, ABO blood type and follow-up were obtained. Multivariable regression analyses, adjusted for age, gender, medical history, medication and smoking were used to evaluate the impact of non-O blood type on 30-day cardiovascular events (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction and stroke) and long-term mortality. RESULTS: Non-O blood type was present in 2627 (56%) patients. Within 30 days after surgery, 129 (4.9%) non-O and 112 (5.5%) O patients suffered a cardiovascular event (P = 0.42). Non-O blood type was not associated with increased mortality during long-term follow-up (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 0.96; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-1.04, with a median follow-up of 4 years). Anti-platelet and anticoagulant drugs did not interact with the relationship between ABO blood type and long-term outcome. CONCLUSION: Non-O blood type is not associated with either 30-day cardiovascular complications or long-term mortality in vascular surgery patients.
Authors:
E J Bakker; T M Valentijn; S E Hoeks; K M van de Luijtgaarden; F W Leebeek; H J M Verhagen; R J Stolker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology of the Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Vascular Surgery of the Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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