Document Detail

ABCG5 and ABCG8 require MDR2 for secretion of cholesterol into bile.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15930516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The major pathway for the removal of cholesterol from the body is via secretion into the bile. Three members of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) family, ABCG5 (G5), ABCG8 (G8), and ABCB4 (MDR2), are required for the efficient biliary export of sterols. Here, we examined the interdependence of these three ABC transporters for biliary sterol secretion. Biliary lipid levels in mice expressing no MDR2 (Mdr2-/- mice) were compared with those of Mdr2-/- mice expressing 14 copies of a human G5 (hG5) and hG8 transgene (Mdr2-/-;hG5G8Tg mice). Mdr2-/- mice had only trace amounts of biliary cholesterol and phospholipids. The Mdr2-/-;hG5G8Tg mice had biliary cholesterol levels as low as those of Mdr2-/- mice. Thus, MDR2 expression is required for G5G8-mediated biliary sterol secretion. To determine whether the reduction in fractional absorption of dietary sterols associated with G5G8 overexpression is secondary to the associated increase in biliary cholesterol, we compared the fractional absorption of sterols in Mdr2-/-;hG5G8Tg and hG5G8Tg animals. Inactivation of MDR2 markedly attenuated the reduction in fractional sterol absorption associated with G5G8 overexpression. These results are consistent with the notion that increased biliary cholesterol secretion contributes to the reduction in fractional sterol absorption associated with G5G8 overexpression.
Silvia Langheim; Liqing Yu; Klaus von Bergmann; Dieter Lütjohann; Fang Xu; Helen H Hobbs; Jonathan C Cohen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2005-06-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of lipid research     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0022-2275     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Lipid Res.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-20     Completed Date:  2005-11-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376606     Medline TA:  J Lipid Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1732-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.
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MeSH Terms
ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics,  secretion*
Bile / chemistry,  metabolism*
Cholesterol / analysis,  secretion*
Deuterium / metabolism
Feces / chemistry
Lipoproteins / genetics,  secretion*
Mice, Knockout
Mice, Transgenic
P-Glycoproteins / genetics,  secretion*
Sterols / metabolism
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/ABCG5 protein, human; 0/ABCG8 protein, human; 0/ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters; 0/Lipoproteins; 0/P-Glycoproteins; 0/P-glycoprotein 2; 0/Sterols; 57-88-5/Cholesterol; 7782-39-0/Deuterium

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