Document Detail


The AAA+ ATPases and HflB/FtsH Proteases of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali': Phylogenetic Diversity, Membrane Topology, and Relationship to Strain Virulence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23387471     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous examination revealed a correlation of phytopathogenic data of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' strains and the DNA sequence variability of a type ATP00464 hflB gene fragment. To further investigate such a relationship, all distinct genes previously annotated as hflB in the genome of 'Ca. P. mali' strain AT were fully sequenced and analyzed from a number of representative mild, moderate, and severe strains. The re-annotation indicated that the sequences encode six AAA+ ATPases and six HflB proteases. Each of the nine distinct deduced AAA+ proteins that were examined formed a coherent phylogenetic cluster. However, within these groups, sequences of three ATPases and three proteases from mild and severe strains clustered distantly, according to their virulence. This grouping was supported by an association with virulence-related amino acid substitutions. Another finding was that full-length genes from ATPase AP11 could only be identified in mild and moderate strains. Prediction of the membrane topology indicated that the long ATPase- and protease-carrying C-terminal tails of approximately half of the AAA+ proteins are extracellular, putatively facing the environment of the sieve tubes. Thus, they may be involved in pathogen-host interactions and may compromise phloem function, a major effect of phytoplasma infection. All full-length genes examined appear transcriptionally active and all deduced peptides show the key positions indicative for protein function.
Authors:
Erich Seemüller; Sandor Sule; Michael Kube; Wilhelm Jelkmann; Bernd Schneider
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0894-0282     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Plant Microbe Interact.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107902     Medline TA:  Mol Plant Microbe Interact     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  367-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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