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7,3'-dimethoxy hesperetin inhibits inflammation by inducing synovial apoptosis in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22978269     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by pronounced inflammation and excessive synovial hyperplasia within affected joint. We previously reported 7, 3'-dimethoxy hesperetin (DMHP) as a highly anti-inflammatory active derivative of hesperidin showed apparent pro-apoptotic effect in vitro on fibroblast-like synoviocytes of rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA), an animal model of RA. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effects of DMHP on inflammation and synovial apoptosis in rats with AA in vivo. Paw swelling, arthritis index, TNF-α and IL-1β serum levels were measured to evaluate the effect of DMHP on inflammation in AA rats. DNA ladder detection and TUNEL assay were used to investigate the pro-apoptotic effect of DMHP on synovial apoptosis in vivo. Bcl-2, Bax mRNA and protein expressions in synovium were determined by real-time Q-PCR and western blot, respectively. We found DMHP inhibited secondary hind paw swelling and arthritis index, and decreased TNF-α and IL-1β serum levels in AA rats. Typical DNA ladder formation was found in DNA extraction of synovium from DMHP treated groups. The number of apoptotic synovial cells was elevated with DMHP treatment in TUNEL assay. DMHP markedly decreased Bcl-2 expression whereas increased Bax expression in synovium of AA rats at both transcription and protein levels. Moreover, DMHP treatment on AA rats significantly decreased the protein ratio of Bcl-2/Bax in synovium. In conclusion, DMHP has an apparent therapeutic effect on inflammation in rats with AA. Mechanisms of this effect are partly related to induction of synovial apoptosis through modulation of Bcl-2 and Bax expression.
Rong Li; Li Cai; Xue-Feng Xie; Lei Peng; Ting-Ni Wu; Jun Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2513     ISO Abbreviation:  Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8800150     Medline TA:  Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Anhui Medical University , Hefei , China.
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