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3D interconnected porous biomimetic scaffolds: In vitro cell response.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23629945     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Bone cell response to 3D bioinspired scaffolds was tested on osteoblast culture supernatants and by means of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Foaming and freeze-drying method was optimized in order to obtain three-dimensional interconnected porous scaffolds of gelatin at different contents of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA). Addition of a non toxic crosslinking agent during foaming stabilized the scaffolds, as confirmed by the slow and relatively low gelatin release in phosphate buffer up to 28 days. Micro-computed tomography reconstructed images showed porous interconnected structures, with interconnected pores displaying average diameter ranging from about 158 to about 71 μm as the inorganic phase content increases from 0 to 50 wt %. The high values of connectivity (>99%), porosity (> 60%), and percentage of pores with a size in the range 100-300 μm (>50%) were maintained up to 30 wt % HA, whereas higher content provoked a reduction of these parameters, as well as of the average pore size, and a significant increase of the compressive modulus and collapse strength up to 8 ± 1 and 0.9 ± 0.2 MPa, respectively. Osteoblast cultured on the scaffolds showed good adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. The presence of HA promoted ALP activity, TGF-β1, and osteocalcin production, in agreement with the observed upregulation of ALP, OC, Runx2, and TGF-β1 gene in qPCR analysis, indicating that the composite scaffolds enhanced osteoblast activation and extra-cellular matrix mineralization processes. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2013.
Authors:
Silvia Panzavolta; Paola Torricelli; Sofia Amadori; Annapaola Parrilli; Katia Rubini; Elena Della Bella; Milena Fini; Adriana Bigi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-4965     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomed Mater Res A     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234237     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res A     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry "G. Ciamician," University of Bologna, Italy. silvia.panzavolta@unibo.it.
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