Document Detail

3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) modulates the toxicity induced by nitric oxide in PC-12 cells via mitochondrial dysfunctioning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18706927     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
It has been postulated that dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), a major dopamine metabolite, and nitric oxide (NO) induce mitochondrial dysfunction in a synergistic manner. We examined the combined effects of NO and DOPAC on PC-12 cells in terms of cell viability, nuclear morphology, mitochondrial parameters and cell death mechanisms. The apoptotic cell death induced by the NO-donor, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), was differently modulated by DOPAC as a function of DOPAC/cell ratios. Whereas below 200nmol/10(6) cells, DOPAC inhibited a typical apoptotic pathway induced by exposure the cells to the NO donor, above 200nmol DOPAC/10(6) cells, the cell death was not only enhanced but encompassed a distinct mechanism. Loading the cells with dopamine mimicked the effects of DOPAC. Specifically, the combination of DOPAC and NO induced an early mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation and ATP depletion followed by loss of cellular membrane integrity. Mitochondrial dysfunction was accompanied by the release of cytochrome c in both cases, NO individually and in combination with DOPAC, but caspase-3 and caspase-9 activation were only observed in the absence of DOPAC. DOPAC alone was ineffective. Thus, our results suggest a role for DOPAC as a modulator of cell fate and point to a pathway of cell death involving DOPAC and NO, via mechanisms that include mitochondrial dysfunction but do not involve the activation of the typical apoptotic caspase cascade. The significance of these results is discussed in connection with the mechanisms of cell death underlying Parkinson's disease.
Carla Nunes; Leonor Almeida; João Laranjinha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-07-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurotoxicology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0161-813X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurotoxicology     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-25     Completed Date:  2009-03-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905589     Medline TA:  Neurotoxicology     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  998-1007     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, and Center for Neurosciences and Cell Biology University of Coimbra, Couraça dos apóstolos, 51, r/c, 3000 Coimbra, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid / pharmacology*
Analysis of Variance
Apoptosis Inducing Factor / metabolism
Caspases / metabolism
Cell Death / drug effects
Cell Size / drug effects
Cytochromes c / metabolism
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Drug Interactions
Free Radical Scavengers / toxicity*
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial / drug effects
Mitochondria / drug effects*
Nitric Oxide / toxicity*
PC12 Cells / drug effects,  ultrastructure
Penicillamine / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Apoptosis Inducing Factor; 0/Free Radical Scavengers; 0/Pdcd8 protein, rat; 0/S-nitro-N-acetylpenicillamine; 10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide; 102-32-9/3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid; 52-67-5/Penicillamine; 9007-43-6/Cytochromes c; EC Dehydrogenase; EC 3.4.22.-/Caspases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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