Document Detail

3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (BW A509U): an antiviral agent that inhibits the infectivity and cytopathic effect of human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2413459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is thought to result from infection of T cells by a pathogenic human retrovirus, human T-lymphotropic virus type III (HTLV-III) or lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV). In this report, we describe the antiviral effects of a thymidine analogue,3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (BW A509U), which, as a triphosphate, inhibits the reverse transcriptase of HTLV-III/LAV. This agent blocks the expression of the p24 gag protein of HTLV-III/LAV in H9 cells following exposure to virus. The drug also inhibits the cytopathic effect of HTLV-IIIB (a virus derived from a pool of American patients) and HTLV-III/RF-II (an isolate obtained from a Haitian patient that differs by about 20% in the amino acid sequence of the envelope gene from several isolates of HTLV-III/LAV, including HTLV-IIIB, analyzed so far). 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine also completely blocks viral replication as assessed by reverse transcriptase production in normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to HTLV-IIIB. Finally, at concentrations of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine that block the in vitro infectivity and cytopathic effect of HTLV-IIIB, the in vitro immune functions of normal T cells remain basically intact.
H Mitsuya; K J Weinhold; P A Furman; M H St Clair; S N Lehrman; R C Gallo; D Bolognesi; D W Barry; S Broder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  1985 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-11-18     Completed Date:  1985-11-18     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7096-100     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
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MeSH Terms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / microbiology
Antiviral Agents / pharmacology*
Deltaretrovirus / drug effects*,  genetics,  pathogenicity
Gene Products, gag
RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism
Retroviridae Proteins / genetics
Thymidine / analogs & derivatives*,  pharmacology
Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antiviral Agents; 0/Gene Products, gag; 0/Retroviridae Proteins; 30516-87-1/Zidovudine; 50-89-5/Thymidine; EC DNA Polymerase

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