Document Detail

3, 4-dimethoxystilbene, a resveratrol derivative with anti-angiogenic effect, induces both macroautophagy and apoptosis in endothelial cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23059970     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Angiogenesis plays an important role in many pathological processes. Identification of novel anti-angiogenic agents will provide new insights into the mechanisms for angiogenesis as well as potential lead compounds for developing new drugs. In the present study, a series of resveratrol methylated derivatives have been synthesized and screened. We found trans-3, 4-dimethoxystilbene (3, 4-DMS) with the fullest potential to develop as an anti-angiogenic agent. In vitro and in vivo analyses suggested that 3, 4-DMS could effectively inhibit endothelial cell proliferation, migration, tube formation, and endogenous neovascularization. Our results showed that 3, 4-DMS exerted its anti-angiogenic effect likely through induction of endothelial cell apoptosis via a pathway involving p53, Bax, cytochrome c and caspase proteases. Moreover, 3, 4-DMS also induced macroautophagy in endothelial cells through activation of AMPK and the downstream inhibition of mTOR signaling pathway. Further studies indicated that intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+) ](i) ) might bridge the 3, 4-DMS-induced apoptosis and macroautophagy through modulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in endothelial cells. Combination of 3, 4-DMS with inhibitor of autophagy, such as 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and autophagy-related gene (ATG) 5 small interfering RNA (siRNA), potentiated the pro-apoptotic and anti-angiogenic effects of 3, 4-DMS. Our study provides a novel angiogenic inhibitor and a useful tool in exploring the molecular mechanisms for the crosstalk between apoptosis and macroautophagy in endothelial cells. 3, 4-DMS could be served as a potential lead compound for developing a class of new drugs targeting angiogenesis-related diseases. J. Cell. Biochem. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Lu Zhang; Hongjuan Jing; Liuqing Cui; Huanqing Li; Bo Zhou; Guangzhou Zhou; Fang Dai
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-4644     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205768     Medline TA:  J Cell Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
College of Bioengineering, Henan University of Technology, Lianhua Street, Zhengzhou, 450001, China.
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