Document Detail

25 years of laser assisted vascular anastomosis (LAVA): what have we learned?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15079768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Laser assisted vascular anastomosis (LAVA) has been developed to a stage where clinical use is within reach. Advantages of LAVA are minimal vessel damage, faster operation and the potential for minimally invasive application. DESIGN: A Medline literature search was performed on vessel welding combined with cross-referencing. RESULTS: Four different lasers have mostly been used for LAVA, always in combination with stay sutures. The CO(2) laser has only been used in the early period. Without solder, mean leaking point pressures (LPP) of 754 mmHg (n=75) were obtained, only slightly lower than in suture controls (LPP=915 mmHg, n=82). At follow-up the percentage of aneurysms was high (overall 12% in n=486). Although Argon LAVA showed moderate success (LPP=146 mmHg, n=125), the first clinical application has been successfully performed. Diode LAVA in combination with solder and dye resulted in an acceptable LPP of 409 mmHg (n=163) in larger vessels, with a low incidence of aneurysm formation (1% in n=107). CONCLUSION: At present the diode laser is the most popular. Solder developments resulted in stronger welds and might make stay sutures redundant. The combination of CO(2) laser and solders has not been evaluated and deserves further investigation.
I C D Y M Wolf-de Jonge; J F Beek; R Balm
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1078-5884     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-13     Completed Date:  2004-06-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  466-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Vascular Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Anastomosis, Surgical / methods
Laser Therapy / methods*
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive
Suture Techniques
Vascular Patency
Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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