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2,5-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone: a novel major in vitro metabolite of benzophenone-3 formed by rat and human liver microsomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23190297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. When benzophenone-3 (2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone; BP-3) was incubated with liver microsomes of untreated rats in the presence of NADPH, the 5-hydroxylated metabolite, 2,5-dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (5-OH-BP-3), was formed as a major novel metabolite of BP-3. The 4-desmethylated metabolite, 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (2,4-diOH-BP), previously reported as the major in vivo metabolite of BP-3, was also detected. However, the amount of 5-OH-BP-3 formed in vitro was about the same as that of 2,4-diOH-BP. 2. The oxidase activity affording 5-OH-BP-3 was inhibited by SKF 525-A and ketoconazole, and partly by quinidine and sulfaphenazole. The oxidase activity affording 2,4-diOH-BP was inhibited by SKF 525-A, ketoconazole and α-naphthoflavone, and partly by sulfaphenazole. 3. The oxidase activity affording 5-OH-BP-3 was enhanced in liver microsomes of dexamethasone-, phenobarbital- and 3-methylcholanthrene-treated rats. The activity affording 2,4-diOH-BP was enhanced in liver microsomes of 3-methylcholanthrene- and phenobarbital-treated rats. 4. When examined recombinant rat cytochrome P450 isoforms catalyzing the metabolism of BP-3, 5-hydroxylation was catalyzed by P450 3A2, 1A1, 2B1, 2C6 and 2D1, while 4-desmethylation was catalyzed by P450 2C6 and 1A1.
Authors:
Nagisa Kamikyouden; Kazumi Sugihara; Yoko Watanabe; Naoto Uramaru; Tsuyoshi Murahashi; Masanori Kuroyanagi; Seigo Sanoh; Shigeru Ohta; Shigeyuki Kitamura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1366-5928     ISO Abbreviation:  Xenobiotica     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306665     Medline TA:  Xenobiotica     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Minami-ku , Hiroshima , Japan.
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