Document Detail


The 22nd Kellersberger Memorial Lecture, 1997. Preventing loss of sight from leprosy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10214441     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Multidrug treatment of leprosy is being dramatically successful in sterilising the infection. However complications are still occurring, spoiling the result in some patients by residual damage, including to the eye. Prevention of this damage is imperative. It is stressed that eye complications will only lead to loss of sight if they are neglected. The lesions caused by leprosy in the eye are briefly described. The dangerous lesions are lagophthalmos causing corneal exposure, and iritis causing pupil block glaucoma. Frequency of the lesions were very common in the past, but seem to be becoming much less so, though good epidemiological studies are sparse. Cataract, mostly not caused by leprosy, is the commonest cause of loss of vision. Prediction of complications would facilitate prompt treatment, but despite some clues, prediction is at present inadequate and all cases must be watched. The management of complications is discussed: studies of the indications and outcome of surgery for lagophthalmos, and of intraocular lens implantation for cataract are priorities. If knowledge is to be put into practice to prevent blindness, training of front line staff and organisation of the service is central. Experience of these practical aspects in Uganda in recent years is described.
Authors:
K M Waddell
Publication Detail:
Type:  Lectures    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethiopian medical journal     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0014-1755     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethiop. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-06     Completed Date:  1999-05-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373223     Medline TA:  Ethiop Med J     Country:  ETHIOPIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  263-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Africa / epidemiology
Blindness / epidemiology,  microbiology*,  prevention & control*
Humans
Leprosy / complications*,  drug therapy*
Needs Assessment
Predictive Value of Tests
Prevalence
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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