Document Detail

The 2008-2009 recession and alcohol outcomes: differential exposure and vulnerability for Black and Latino populations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23200146     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether race/ethnicity was related to exposure to acute economic losses in the 2008-2009 recession, even accounting for individual-level and geographic variables, and whether it influenced associations between economic losses and drinking patterns and problems.
METHOD: Data were from the 2010 National Alcohol Survey (N = 5,382). Surveys assessed both severe losses (i.e., job and housing loss) and moderate losses (i.e., reduced hours/pay and trouble paying the rent/mortgage) attributed to the 2008-2009 recession. Alcohol outcomes included total annual volume, monthly drunkenness, drinking consequences, and alcohol dependence (based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition).
RESULTS: Compared with Whites, Blacks reported significantly greater exposure to job loss and trouble paying the rent/mortgage, and Latinos reported greater exposure to all economic losses. However, only Black-White differences were robust in multivariate analyses. Interaction tests suggested that associations between exposure to economic loss and alcohol problems were stronger among Blacks than Whites. Given severe (vs. no) loss, Blacks had about 13 times the odds of both two or more drinking consequences and alcohol dependence, whereas the corresponding odds ratios for Whites were less than 3. Conversely, associations between economic loss and alcohol outcomes were weak and ambiguous among Latinos.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest greater exposure to economic loss for both Blacks and Latinos (vs. Whites) and that the Black population may be particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of economic hardship on the development and/or maintenance of alcohol problems. Findings extend the economic literature and signal policy makers and service providers that Blacks and Latinos may be at special risk during economic downturns.
Sarah E Zemore; Nina Mulia; Rhonda J Jones-Webb; Huiguo Liu; Laura Schmidt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  2013-05-14     Revised Date:  2014-01-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / statistics & numerical data
Aged, 80 and over
Alcohol Drinking / economics,  epidemiology*,  ethnology
Alcohol-Related Disorders / economics,  epidemiology*,  ethnology
Alcoholism / economics,  epidemiology*,  ethnology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Economic Recession*
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
Health Surveys
Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
United States
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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