Document Detail


A 2-hour thrombolysis in myocardial infarction score outperforms other risk stratification tools in patients presenting with possible acute coronary syndromes: Comparison of chest pain risk stratification tools.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23067909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Accelerated diagnostic pathways for risk stratification of patients presenting to the emergency department with potential acute coronary syndromes may identify very-low-risk patients safe for early discharge to outpatient care.
METHODS: Patients presenting with potential acute coronary syndrome to the emergency department were prospectively enrolled between November 2007 and April 2010. Patient characteristics in conjunction with 0- and 2-hour biomarkers and electrocardiograms were analyzed according to a 2-hour thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) score and 9 other accelerated diagnostic pathways. The primary outcome was acute coronary syndrome by 30 days.
RESULTS: Of 1,000 patients, 362 (36.2%) had a primary outcome. A pathway comprising electrocardiogram, prior ischemic heart disease, 0/2-hour troponin/creatine kinase MB fraction/myoglobin identified the highest proportion (25.0%) as low risk, with 96.1% sensitivity for the primary outcome. A pathway comprising electrocardiogram, history of ischemic heart disease, typical vs atypical symptoms, 0/2-hour troponin was the safest, with 99.7% sensitivity for the primary outcome, but only 9.0% were low risk. A pathway comprising the TIMI score with 0/2-hour troponin and electrocardiograms identified 15.5% as low risk, with a sensitivity of 99.2% for the primary outcome. This compares with standard care in which none were for outpatient care but, 3.3% had a primary outcome postdischarge within 30 days.
CONCLUSION: In this relatively high-risk population, a 2-hour TIMI score safely identified significant numbers of patients suitable for early discharge to outpatient care.
Authors:
Sally J Aldous; Mark Richards; Louise Cullen; Richard Troughton; Martin Than
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  164     ISSN:  1097-6744     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  516-23     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand. Electronic address: sally.aldous@cdhb.govt.nz.
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