Document Detail

2-(4-Amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole is a ligand and shows species-specific partial agonism of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19265716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
2-(4-Amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole (5F 203) and related compounds are a series of anti-cancer candidate pharmaceuticals, that have been shown to activate the AhR. We show that these compounds are high-affinity ligands for the rat AhR, but a quantitative assay for their ability to induce CYP1A1 RNA in H4IIEC3 cells, a measure of activation of the AhR, showed a poor relationship between affinity for the AhR and ability to induce CYP1A1 RNA. 5F 203, an agonist with low potency, was able to antagonise the induction of CYP1A1 RNA by TCDD, while IH 445, a potent agonist, did not antagonise the induction of CYP1A1 RNA by TCDD, and Schild analysis confirmed 5F 203 to be a potent antagonist of the induction of CYP1A1 RNA by TCDD in H4IIEC3 cells. In contrast, several benzothiazoles show potent induction of CYP1A1 RNA in human MCF-7 cells, and 5F 203 is unable to detectably antagonise the induction of CYP1A1 RNA in MCF-7 cells, showing a species difference in antagonism. Evaluation of the anti-proliferative activity of benzothiazoles showed that the ability to agonise the AhR correlated with growth inhibition both in H4IIEC3 cells for a variety of benzothiazoles, and between H4IIEC3 and MCF-7 cells for 5F 203, suggesting an important role of agonism of the AhR in the anti-proliferative activity of benzothiazoles.
Rana Bazzi; Tracey D Bradshaw; J Craig Rowlands; Malcolm F G Stevens; David R Bell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-03-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology and applied pharmacology     Volume:  237     ISSN:  1096-0333     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-12     Completed Date:  2009-06-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0416575     Medline TA:  Toxicol Appl Pharmacol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  102-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Biology, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG72RD, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Actins / drug effects,  genetics,  metabolism
Analysis of Variance
Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
Benzothiazoles / pharmacology*
Cell Line, Tumor
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / drug effects*,  genetics,  metabolism
Enzyme Induction / drug effects
RNA, Messenger / analysis
Rats, Wistar
Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon / agonists*,  metabolism
Species Specificity
Statistics, Nonparametric
Thiazoles / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/2-(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole; 0/Actins; 0/Antineoplastic Agents; 0/Benzothiazoles; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon; 0/Thiazoles; EC P-450 CYP1A1

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