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(18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography versus Computed Tomography in Predicting Histopathological Response to Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Treatment in Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24845729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate diagnostic computed tomography (CT) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) for identification of histopathologic response to neoadjuvant erlotinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
METHODS: This study was designed as an open-label phase 2 trial, performed in four hospitals in the Netherlands. Patients received preoperative erlotinib 150 mg once daily for 3 weeks. CT and FDG-PET/CT were performed at baseline and after 3 weeks of treatment. CT was assessed according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. FDG-PET/CT, tumor FDG uptake, and changes were measured by standardized uptake values (SUV). Radiologic and metabolic responses were compared to the histopathological response.
RESULTS: Sixty patients were enrolled onto this study. In 53 patients (22 men, 31 women), the combination of CT, FDG-PET/CT, and histopathological evaluation was available for analysis. Three patients (6 %) had radiologic response. According to European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) criteria, 15 patients (28 %) showed metabolic response. In 11 patients, histopathologic response (≥50 % necrosis) was seen. In predicting histopathologic response, relative FDG change in SUVmax showed more SUVmax decrease in the histopathologic response group (-32 %) versus the group with no pathologic response (-4 %) (p = 0.0132). Relative change in tumor size on diagnostic CT was similar in these groups with means close to 0.
CONCLUSIONS: FDG-PET/CT has an advantage over CT as a predictive tool to identify histopathologic response after 3 weeks of EGFR-TKI treatment in NSCLC patients.
Authors:
Matthijs H van Gool; Tjeerd S Aukema; Eva E Schaake; Herman Rijna; Henk E Codrington; Renato A Valdés Olmos; Hendrik J Teertstra; Renee van Pel; Sjaak A Burgers; Harm van Tinteren; Houke M Klomp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of surgical oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1534-4681     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Surg. Oncol.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9420840     Medline TA:  Ann Surg Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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