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δ(15)N and δ(13)C in hair from newborn infants and their mothers: a cohort study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22398698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction:Protein intake in fetal life or infancy may play a key role in determining early growth rate, a determinant of later health and disease. Previous work has indicated that hair isotopic composition is influenced by diet and protein intake.Methods:This study analyzes the isotopic composition of hair obtained from 239 mother/newborn pairs randomly selected within a larger cohort enrolled in a study of pre- and postnatal determinants of the child's development and health. The isotopic compositions in nitrogen (δ(15)N) and in carbon (δ(13)C) were determined by isotope ratio mass spectrometry.Results:Mother and newborn hair δ(15)N were tightly correlated (Pearson r = 0.88). The mean δ(15)N and δ(13)C values of hair from newborn infants were significantly higher than those for the mothers: 9.7 ± 0.7 vs. 8.8 ± 0.6‰ (P < 0.0001) for δ(15)N and -20.0 ± 0.4 vs. -20.4 ± 0.4‰ (P < 0.0001) for δ(13)C. Maternal hair δ(15)N at parturition was slightly and positively correlated with estimates of protein intake (r = 0.14, P = 0.04).Discussion:Hair δ(15)N of the fetus is both highly dependent on and systematically higher than that of the mother. Whether quantitative and qualitative protein intake, disease, or hormonal status alter hair δ(15)N at birth remains to be determined.
Authors:
Arnaud de Luca; Nathalie Boisseau; Illa Tea; Isabelle Louvet; Richard J Robins; Anne Forhan; Marie-Aline Charles; Régis Hankard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0447     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Pédiatrie Multidisciplinaire-Nutrition de l'Enfant, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Poitiers, Poitiers, France.
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