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(1) H-NMR-based metabolomic analysis of the effect of moderate wine consumption on subjects with cardiovascular risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22887155     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Moderate wine consumption is associated with health-promoting activities. An H-NMR-based metabolomic approach was used to identify urinary metabolomic differences of moderate wine intake in the setting of a prospective, randomized, crossover, and controlled trial. Sixty-one male volunteers with high cardiovascular risk factors followed three dietary interventions (28 days): dealcoholized red wine (RWD) (272mL/day, polyphenol control), alcoholized red wine (RWA) (272mL/day) and gin (GIN) (100mL/day, alcohol control). After each period, 24-h urine samples were collected and analyzed by (1) H-NMR. According to the results of a one-way ANOVA, significant markers were grouped in four categories: alcohol-related markers (ethanol); gin-related markers; wine-related markers; and gut microbiota markers (hippurate and 4-hydroxphenylacetic acid). Wine metabolites were classified into two groups; first, metabolites of food metabolome: tartrate (RWA and RWD), ethanol, and mannitol (RWA); and second, biomarkers that relates to endogenous modifications after wine consumption, comprising branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolite (3-methyl-oxovalerate). Additionally, a possible interaction between alcohol and gut-related biomarkers has been identified. To our knowledge, this is the first time that this approach has been applied in a nutritional intervention with red wine. The results show the capacity of this approach to obtain a comprehensive metabolome picture including food metabolome and endogenous biomarkers of moderate wine intake.
Authors:
Rosa Vázquez-Fresno; Rafael Llorach; Francesca Alcaro; Miguel Ángel Rodríguez; Maria Vinaixa; Gemma Chiva-Blanch; Ramon Estruch; Xavier Correig; Cristina Andrés-Lacueva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Electrophoresis     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1522-2683     ISO Abbreviation:  Electrophoresis     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8204476     Medline TA:  Electrophoresis     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2345-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Affiliation:
Nutrition and Food Science Department, XaRTA, INSA, Pharmacy Faculty, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; INGENIO-CONSOLIDER Program, Ministry of Science and Innovation, Barcelona, Spain.
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