Search Results
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Seremidi, K. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Generalised aggressive periodontitis (GAP) is a rare condition associated with rapid periodontal destruction, in multiple teeth. The paper aims to present a case of an 8-year old with GAP and discuss his response to treatment. CASE REPORT: An 8-year old male was referred to the postgraduate clinic of paediatric ...
Soares, D.N. - - 2012
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the in vitro effects of three paediatric liquid oral medicines on bovine dental enamel subsurfaces under pH cycling conditions.G METHODS: Bovine enamel blocks were evaluated for surface hardness at baseline for sample selection. 52 intact bovine enamel blocks (16[mm.sup.2]) were randomly divided into four ...
Chakravathy, P.K. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between anthropometric measures and dental caries among a group of adolescent cadets of Udupi district, India. METHODS: Demographic information such as age, sex and parental education were collected. Various anthropometric measures such as weight, body mass index (BMI), height, mid-upper arm circumference, waist circumference (WC) ...
Sonmez, I.S. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the apical microleakage of a new MT-Abased sealer; MTA Fillapex (Angelus) and compare it with ProRoot MTA (Dentsply) and AH Plus (Dentsply). METHODS: 51 single-rooted permanent teeth were selected and the roots were prepared using a rotary system. The samples were divided randomly into 3 groups (n ...
Ashkenazi, M. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the occurrence of supra-gingival calculus in children aged 6-9 years with disuse conditions such as: presence of dental pain, open-bite or erupting teeth. METHODS: A cohort of 327 children aged 7.64[+ or -]2.12 (range: 6-9) years (45% girls) were screened for presence of supra-gingival calculus in relation ...
Hebbal, M. - - 2012
AIM: To develop a special oral health education technique and compare plaque scores before and after health education. STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised before and after comparison trial without controls. METHODS: The final study population comprised of 96 visually impaired children aged 6-18 years old. Silness and Loe plaque index scores were ...
Hansson, L. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Infants with moderate to severe congenital heart disease (CHD) are at a higher risk for growth failure and malnutrition due to increased metabolic demands and inadequate energy intake. This state requires meals that are more frequent and a special enriched diet, which may have negative implications on oral health. ...
Martins, V.M. - - 2012
AIM: To assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injury (TDI), as well as associated factors, behaviour of affected schoolchildren and normative treatment needs. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study involved 590 children aged 7-14 years at state schools in Campina Grande, Brazil. The O'Brien classification [1994] was used for the diagnosis ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2012
Counihan, K.P. - - 2012
AIM: Pre-eruptive intra-coronal radiolucency (PEIR) describes a radiolucent lesion located in the coronal dentine, just beneath the enamel-dentine junction of unerupted teeth. The prevalence of this lesion varies depending on the type and quality of radiographic exposure and age of patients used for assessment. The aetiology of pre-eruptive intra-coronal radiolucent ...
Hariharan, V.S. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dental traumas are highly prevalent lesions in primary teeth, but crown-root fractures are seldom observed in primary molars. When trauma is sustained to the chin, the posterior primary teeth are at increased risk of trauma. The treatment of fractured teeth can be complicated, sometimes because of difficulties with the ...
Waldon, K. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Tooth auto-transplantation has been successfully performed for over 50 years and yet the procedure has still to receive the widespread acceptance that it deserves. AIM: This study demonstrates the numerous clinical situations in which auto-transplantation can be used in order to give a child or adolescent an excellent biological ...
Rhouma, O. - - 2012
AIM: To identify early clinical variables that are most predictive of treatment outcome and to develop a model that will allow prediction of treatment outcomes based on these variables. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A dental trauma database was used to randomly identify patients who had received treatment for avulsed teeth ...
Yaman, E. - - 2012
AIM: To compare the clinical and radiographic success rates of two vital pulpotomy agents: formocresol (FC) and Ankaferd Blood Stopper[R] (ABS), in primary molars during a 12-month follow-up period. STUDY DESIGN: A randomised, single-blind study design was used in a sample of 30 healthy 6-9 year old children with 60 ...
Howell, J.L. - - 2012
AIM: Presenting features associated with orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) and oral Crohn's disease (OCD) are varied, making successful diagnosis and management difficult. The aim of this service evaluation was to establish a profile of patients with these conditions attending a paediatric oral medicine clinic and to determine their overall satisfaction with ...
Kramer, N. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the effect of thermo-mechanical loading (TML) on marginal quality and wear of different crown types for primary molars. METHODS: Eighty extracted human primary molars were used. After preparation, five groups received different crowns (n=16): preformed metal crowns (3M ESPE) and NuSmile crowns (Orthodontic Technologies Inc.) were inserted ...
Arora, R. - - 2012
AIM: To compare the efficacy of three caries removal techniques namely: Papacarie[R], calcium hydroxide and rotary instruments by SEM analyses of the micro-morphology of residual dentine and resin tags at resin-dentine interface. METHODS: 45 extracted human permanent molar teeth, with occlusal caries extending up to dentine, were divided into two ...
Ghanim, A.M. - - 2012
Background: The dynamic properties of molar-incisor-hypomineralisation lesions (MIH) may impact negatively on personal daily oral care resulting in increased treatment needs. AIMS: To describe and compare individual oral health care practices between MIH-affected and non-affected children, to evaluate and compare dental treatment needs between hypomineralised and non-hypomineralised first permanent molars, ...
Souza, J.F. - - 2012
AIM: To analyse factors potentially associated with molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) development. METHODS: A population-based study was carried out with 903 children aged from 6-12 years old, born and residing in rural and urban areas of the town of Botelhos, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Their mothers completed a structured ...
Smith, C.P. - - 2012
BACKGROuND: Failure of eruption of mandibular permanent molars occurs infrequently but is a difficult clinical problem. It can be due to local or systemic factors or failure of the eruption process. Primary failure of eruption (PFE) is a rare condition that can result in severe posterior open bite, requires complex ...
Foley, J.I. - - 2012
AIM: To assess the effect of an introductory Clinical Skills Program on the development of two tasks aimed at teaching a Class II cavity preparation technique. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. METHODS: Twenty three first year students (F: 19; M: 4) were asked to complete two cavities on a ...
Ravishankar, T.L. - - 2012
AIM: To determine the calcium, phosphorus and pH levels of human dental plaque after consuming different dairy products. METHODS: 68 students (34 with caries and 34 caries-free) aged 17-20 years from a private dental college, Moradabad city, who agreed to refrain from oral hygiene procedures for 48 hours were selected ...
Prabhakar, A.R. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate and compare in vitro the remineralising effects and surface microhardness of glass ionomer cement (GIC), GIC containing grape seed extract and GIC containing casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP). METHODS: An in vitro study with 45 mandibular premolars with standardised class V cavities prepared on the buccal and ...
Nagarajappa, R. - - 2012
AIM: To assess and compare the periodontal status and treatment needs among school children aged 12 and 15 years in public and private schools of Udaipur, India and to provide baseline data for planning and evaluation of oral health care promotion programmes. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive survey. Methods: A ...
Rekha, C. - - 2012
AIM: To assess the oral health status of autistic children in Chennai. DESIGN AND METHODS: Oral health status was assessed for 483 children with autism, solicited from special education schools, autistic child centres and therapy centres. Conditions assessed were plaque accumulation, gingival health, dental caries, malocclusion, developmental anomalies, oral injuries ...
Jensen, B. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate post-operative pain in children and compare self-ratings of pain with those of a parent, and to study analgesic use after dental extractions under general anaesthesia (GA). study DESIGN: Prospective observational study. Methods: One hundred children, aged 3-12 years, who had extractions performed under GA participated. After treatment, ...
Ghanim, A.M. - - 2012
AIM: To investigate risk factor/s involved in the development of hypomineralised second primary molars and to relate the location of the affected tooth in the dental arches with the timing of the illness/condition incidence. STUDY DESIGN: A cluster sample of 1,000, Iraqi 7-9 year-old children were invited to have their ...
Curzon, M.E.J. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Research today requires detailed planning to ensure efficient work, to raise funding and to fit into time constraints. AIM: The aim of this article is to provide a broad guidance on the layout and content of a research protocol. METHOD: Years of experience in writing research protocols were used ...
Manan, N.M. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coronal resorption is a coronal degeneration of enamel and dentine in which ultimately the crown is replaced by vascular connective tissue through a defect in the enamel organ of an unerupted tooth. This is also known as pre-eruptive coronal resorption. However, the aetiology of resorption remains unclear. CASE REPORT: ...
Ulusu, T. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate retention and caries prevention of a glass-ionomer cement (GIC) and a resin-based fissure sealant placed by fifth-year undergraduate dental students. METHODS: The study was conducted according to a split-mouth, randomised clinical trial. Children with at least one pair of caries-free permanent first molars with deep pits and ...
Oliveira, M.D.M. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the reproducibility of 7 validation methods used for caries diagnosis in primary teeth. METHODS: Seventy-two occlusal sites were selected on 40 primary molars. The sites were evaluated independently by 3 experienced examiners using validation methods that involved direct assessment, i.e. by using a (1) magnifying glass (8x) ...
Stewart, C. - - 2012
AIM: To examine the reasons for referral to the Paediatric Dental Department, Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Ireland and to study the profile of these reasons in terms of the various sources of referral. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. METHODS: Consecutive clinical records for children attending the service were reviewed ...
Hashim, R. - - 2012
AIM: To assess, by means of a structured questionnaire, mothers' level of knowledge with regards to the immediate emergency management of dental trauma in the Emirate of Ajman, United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using anonymous structured questionnaires was employed for mothers chosen at random from child care ...
Chhabra, N. - - 2012
AIM: Preschool children are dependent upon their parents for their dental care. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and beliefs of parents towards oral health and dental care of their children aged 1-4 years in an Indian population. METHODS: Parents of 620 preschool children, who ...
Feldens, C.A. - - 2012
AIM: To identify risk factors for cariogenic feeding practices in the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: 500 children born within the public health care system in Sao Leopoldo, Brazil, were recruited in a follow-up program. Anthropometric and demographic data were collected soon after birth; data on ...
Olak, J. - - 2012
AIM: This was to compare the effect of a prevention program between children of anxious and non-anxious mothers. METHODS: Mothers (n=120) with high and low dental anxiety scores (DAS [greater than or equal to] 15 and DAS [less than or equal to] 8, respectively), and with high levels of mutans ...
Cleaton-Jones, P.E. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Research involving human subjects requires approval by a research ethics committee before commencement. What appears to many researchers to be a daunting task can be relatively easy if approached sensibly. AIM: The aim of this paper is to offer advice to potential applicants for ethics approval of their research. ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2012
Verma, K.G. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dental abnormalities of tooth number in development of the permanent dentition are quite common; however combined occurrence of hypodontia and hyperdontia is a rare phenomenon, especially when it occurs in the same dental arch and in a non-syndromic situation. CASE REPORT: A 15%-year-old non-syndromic male with missing mandibular central ...
Foley, J.I. - - 2012
AIM: To assess the preferences amongst European postgraduates (PG) in Paediatric Dentistry for the treatment of a child with differing caries severity in a primary molar tooth. STUDY DESIGN: An on-line structured questionnaire. METHODS: All European Paediatric Dentistry PGs were contacted by e-mail and asked to participate in an on-line ...
Tedesco T.K. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate in vitro the erosive effects of beverages in the presence or absence of caries simulation (acidogenic challenge) on the microhardness of primary enamel. METHODS: Forty human primary teeth were submitted to the erosive effects: 3x20-min-long daily immersion in fresh orange juice (orange group), strawberry yogurt drink (yog ...
Saritha, S. - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of Root ZX II electronic apex locator (EAL) for root canal working length determination in primary teeth. METHODS: Forty primary maxillary incisor teeth were included in the study. Root ZX II EAL was used to determine the electronic working length (EL). The working length obtained ...
Kuin, D. - - 2012
AIM: This case control study was to assess whether paediatric dentists perform significantly more diagnostic, preventive and curative care in a clinical setting then do general dental practitioners. METHODS: 16 paediatric dentists were approached and a matching control group of 16 general dental practitioners drawn from an insurance random list ...
Parikh, D.R. - - 2012
Most prevalence studies on Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) have been carried out in European countries and data from Asia especially south Asian populations are lacking. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of MIH in children residing in a western region of India. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey including 1,366 ...
Vadiakas, G. - - 2012
AIM: To investigate oral hygiene and periodontal status of 12- and 15-year old Greek adolescents, in relation to sociodemographic and behavioural parameters. METHODS: A stratified cluster sample of 1,224 12-year old and 1,257 15-year old adolescents of Greek nationality were selected and examined by calibrated examiners. Periodontal and oral hygiene ...
Curzon, M.E.J. - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The publication of basic science and clinical research findings, as well as new clinical diagnosis and treatment techniques, is widely disseminated. These days there is considerable competition to publish so the selection process is even more competitive. Aim: To present advice as to how to enhance the chances of ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2012
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