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Varela, M. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: While it is generally accepted that monozygotic (MZ) twins are identical with respect to inherited traits, because they share 100% of their genetic material, clinical findings and scientific evidence does not support this belief. In addition to environmental factors and stochastic developmental events, a number of genetic mechanisms, detectable ...
Sharma, G. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Premature exfoliation of primary teeth is an important diagnostic event warranting urgent investigation. The majority of conditions presenting with early loss of teeth are serious and in some cases fatal. CASE REPORT: This is a case of premature exfoliation of primary teeth in a 4-yr-old female. On presentation her ...
Viswanathan, R. - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate and compare shear bond strengths of composite resins to primary enamel and dentine when the adhesives are pre-cured (light cured before the application of the resin) or co-cured (adhesive and the resin light cured together). METHODS: Buccal surfaces of 80 caries-free primary molars were wet ground to ...
Camargo, L.B. - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate the degree of knowledge, use and teaching of atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) of paediatric dentistry lecturers in dental schools throughout Brazil. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was applied, containing questions regarding the use of ART, socio-demographic characteristics and academic degree background. Descriptive analysis and Poisson's regression were conducted ...
de Menezes Abreu, - - 2011
AIM: To determine whether gradually exposing Brazilian children to the dental environment would decrease their levels of dental anxiety over a 14.5-month period. STUDY Design And Methods: The study was carried out on 302 children of both genders, aged 6-7 years old. Dental anxiety was assessed using the Facial Image ...
Moura-Leite, F.R. - - 2011
AIM: To assess the impact of dental pain on the daily living of 5-year-old preschool children using reports from parents/guardians. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 549 five-year-old children randomly selected from preschools in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Data were collected using a previously ...
Ferreira, M.C. - - 2011
AIM: To assess the effect of the application of fluoride gels on the acid resistance of occlusal enamel in primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-five primary second molars were randomly assigned to three groups: a) control (pH-cycling); b) 2% NaF gel/pH-cycling; and c) 1.23% APF gel/pH-cycling. METHODS: Specimens were longitudinally sectioned ...
Curzon, M.E.J. - - 2011
Aim: To provide guidance on writing congress abstracts for submission and how to increase the chance of acceptance. REVIEW: There is increasing competition for submitted abstracts to be accepted by scientific congresses. Because the facilities or size of a congress may be limited a selection process is often used based ...
- - 2011
Toumba, Jack - - 2011
Lazaridou, D. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Solitary bone cysts (SBC) are uncommon non-neoplastic bone lesions, which present mainly in the mandible. Their aetiology is still obscure, but it has been suggested that they may be a result of trauma in the region. Due to their asymptomatic nature, SBCs are revealed mainly accidentally during routine radiographic ...
Sathish, R. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Toothbrush injuries are common in children, and those of impalement and embedded injuries are the more serious. CASE REPORT: A five-year-old girl presented with a complaint of a swelling affecting the left side of her face and with difficulty in opening her mouth for the previous 15 days. She ...
Caglar, E. - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence and aetiology of dental erosion in Greek minority school children living in Istanbul (Turkey). METHODS: The present study was initiated in four Greek minority elementary schools in Istanbul where a total of 83 children (46 girls, 37 boys) between ages 7-14 years old were examined. ...
de Paula, - - 2011
AIM: This was to characterise the microbial diversity in the complex dental plaque of children with severe early-childhood caries (S-ECC), using the denaturing gel gradient electrophoresis (DGGE) technique. METHODS: The DGGE technique was used as a diagnostic tool to analyse samples from the oral cavity of a patient with S-ECC. ...
Joseph, C. - - 2011
AIM: To describe the dental health status of 6-year-old children using the ICDAS-II advanced method and to evaluate the association between the known caries risk factors with the cavitated caries lesion (WHO basic method) or with both non-cavitated and cavitated caries lesion caries (ICDAS II). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, ...
Britton, K.F.M. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate feeding practices in infants born with a cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) in the West of Scotland and the challenges that the parents of these children experienced especially in the first hours and months after birth. METHODS: A questionnaire involving a 'face-to-face' interview was completed with parents ...
Babu, Venkatesh - - 2011
AIM: To compare the antimicrobial efficiency of chlorhexidine and cacao bean husk extract mouthrinses in children. STUDY DESIGN: A randomised comparative study which employed purpose sampling. METHODS: Study was conducted on 50 children of both sexes aged 6-10 years old. A group of 25 children were given 10 ml of ...
Giuca, M.R. - - 2011
AIM: To determine the possible correlation between otitis media and dental malocclusion in children. METHODS: Fifty subjects (26 males and 24 females; mean age: 7.8 [+ or -] 1 years) were assessed: 25 patients, with otitis media formed the study group, while 25 healthy subjects formed the control group. An ...
Huew, R. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate any association between dental erosion and its potential dietary risk factors in a group of schoolchildren in Benghazi, Libya. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: A random sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren in 36 randomly selected schools completed a questionnaire to provide dietary data and underwent dental ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2011
Olczak-Kowalczyk, D. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Infantile systemic hyalinosis is a rare genetic disorder which involves accumulation of hyaline in the skin, bones, mucous membranes, and occasionally, also in internal organs. The major manifestations include painful articular contractures, cutaneous lesions (hyperpigmentation, subcutaneous nodules), malnutrition resulting from diarrhoea, gingival, labial and buccal hypertrophy. CASE REPORT: The ...
FitzGerald, K. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Anomalies of dental anatomy are common in the ectodermal dysplasia syndromes. These anomalies, when found in combination with dental caries, can pose a restorative challenge for the paediatric dentist. Modification of traditional techniques and approaches may help the practitioner provide a successful treatment outcome. Case REPORT: A 3 years ...
Keene, E.J. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fraser syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of which there has only previously been one case reported in the dental literature. The main characteristics are cryptophthalmos, syndactyly and genital abnormalities. Orofacial findings reported are: facial asymmetry, cleft lip and palate, high arched palate, dental crowding, fusion of primary ...
Jindal, G. - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Probiotics and their effect on oral health have been a focus of numerous trials in recent times. No documented trials have been reported from developing countries such as India with its focus on probiotic use, especially in the paediatric population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ...
Hashim, R. - - 2011
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of severe early childhood caries (s-ECC) in the primary dentition of young children in Ajman, UAE, and investigate its association with child and family characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene practices and dental services utilisation. METHODS: A one-stage cluster sample was used to randomly select children ...
Cox, I.C.J. - - 2011
AIM: To analyse the influence of the presence of the parent in the dental operatory on their child's behaviour during dental treatment. METHODS: This study was a randomised controlled trial performed in a secondary paediatric dental care clinic. The child's perception of the dental treatment and its behaviour during treatment ...
Ramos-Jorge, M.L. - - 2011
AIM: To determine whether exposing children to images of positive dental care would have an effect on their degree of anxiety, assessing anxiety three separate times. study DESIGN: Controlled trial. METHODS: The 70 participants from 4-11 years of age were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. The intervention consisted ...
Ashkenazi, M. - - 2011
AIM: To identify the type and relative prevalence of mistakes, negligence and legal offences (MNLOs) performed or nearly performed by paediatric dentists during their entire career. METHODS: The population consisted of 25 (29.4%) certified and 48 (56.5%) non-certified paediatric dentists, and 12 (14.1%) residents in paediatric dentistry. A structured anonymous ...
Curzon, M.E.J. - - 2011
AIM: To provide guidance on reviewing scientific manuscripts for publication. REVIEW: Scientific peer review is possibly one of the most important tasks a scientist is asked to do. It carries a great responsibility and needs to be conscientiously and thoroughly carried out. It is most important that a reviewer decides ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2011
Trikaliotis, A. - - 2011
AIM: This was to investigate the relationship between dental caries (dmfs) and body mass index (BMI) categories in 3-5.5 year old children in Thessaloniki, Greece. METHODS: The study was conducted in 18 municipal day care centres and involved 361 children. The dmfs was determined on site by one calibrated examiner ...
Kotsanos, N. - - 2011
AIM: The successful performance of resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) as an indirect pulp therapy (IPT) dressing material and, independently, as a class II restoration material for primary molars has been adequately documented. This study investigates if an RMGIC can be successfully used in a dual capacity. METHODS: A ...
Hussey, S. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: At the time of diagnosis of Crohn's disease there may be oral manifestations. The aim of this study was to describe the outcome for children with oral Crohn's disease (OCD) at diagnosis, and to determine if there was a difference in the Paediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) scores ...
Abudiak, H. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the effect of the fluoride sustained slow-releasing device (FSSRD) on F levels in unstimulated saliva and undisturbed plaque biofilms over 7 days. The investigation also aimed at studying the effect of patient age on fluoride (F) concentrations in dental plaque biofilms and unstimulated saliva while using the ...
Dean, A.A. - - 2011
AIM: To assess the current awareness, usage and opinion of the Hall technique as a restorative option for primary molars in Scottish general dental practice; and to identify preferences for methods of further training, if desired, for those not currently using the technique. STUDY DESIGN: A postal questionnaire was sent ...
Jacobsson, B. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate oral health status and coherent determinants in children with foreign backgrounds compared with children with a Swedish background, over a ten year period. DESIGN AND METHODS: In 1993 and 2003, cross-sectional studies with random samples of individuals in the age groups 3, 5, 10 and 15 years ...
Papaioannou, W. - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the impact of oral health status on the quality of life of a cross-section of adolescents belonging to different population groups in different regions of Greece, using the Oral Health Impact Profile-short form (OHIP-14), one of the most widely known instruments used for the measurement of disability ...
Vadiakas, G. - - 2011
AIM: To estimate the frequency in use of oral health services, oral health self-assessment, oral hygiene practices of 12- and 15-year-old Greek children and adolescents, to investigate possible influences of these factors and other socio-demographic parameters on oral health. METHODS: A stratified cluster sample of 1,224 12-year-old and 1,257 15-year-old ...
Kopycka-Kedzierawski, D.T. - - 2011
AIM: To assess dental caries prevalence and dental care utilisation in pre-school children enrolled in urban childcare centres that participated in a comparative-effectiveness study. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Caries prevalence was determined in a cohort of children 12-60 months of age. Eligible children were randomised into two groups: group ...
Toumba, Jack - - 2011
Rimulo, A.L. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is the main complication of chemotherapy and radiotherapy used in the treatment of cancer. Phototherapy has proven effective in the treatment of mucositis, as it accelerates the tissue healing process and has both analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. CASE REPORT: This paper reports the case of a paediatric ...
Cauwels, R.G.E.C - - 2011
AIM: The goal of this pilot study was to investigate the capacity of pain relief and wound healing of low level laser therapy (LLLT) in chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in a paediatric oncology population group. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: 16 children (mean age 9.4 years) from the Gent University Hospital--Department ...
Boj, J.R. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many soft tissue pathologies in children can be treated by paediatric dentists. New technologies such as laser surgery enable simpler treatments to be carried out than with conventional techniques. CASE REPORTS: A case series of 7 children aged 6 to 14 years old were treated for various soft tissue ...
Kotlow, L. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Newborn babies often present oral conditions of anykloglossia and tied maxillary fraena (lip-ties) associated with problems that can be related to breastfeeding. Many breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to abnormal attachments of the tongue and/or a maxillary lip-tie. REVIEW: The various types of ...
Boj, J.R. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many soft tissue pathologies in children can be treated by paediatric dentists. New technologies such as laser surgery enable simpler treatments to be carried out than with conventional techniques. REVIEW: This paper reviews soft tissue lasers and discusses their use in paediatric patients. The laser is a good tool ...
Berk, N. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The success of reattaching fractured tooth crowns fragments, as a result of trauma, has improved as a result of the introduction of lasers in dental care. This case report documents a 4 year follow-up of a re-bonded tooth fragment on a maxillary first permanent incisor. CASE REPORT: An 8-year-old ...
Tanboga, I. - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate the effect of low level laser therapy on pain during cavity preparation with laser in paediatric dental patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 10 children aged 6 to 9 years old for a total of 20 primary molar teeth. For laser preparation ...
Vitale, M.C. - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate chemically the effects of diode laser on fluoride uptake before and after laser irradiation of enamel surfaces. METHODS: Crowns of 20 sound human teeth were halved and a 3x3mm acid-resistant varnish uncovered window left for: A) no treatment; B) fluoride (Elmex gel); C) diode (fluoride + diode ...
Roeykens, H. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An early determination of pulpal vitality is crucial with respect to a correct differential diagnosis of revascularisation or necrosis and its treatment. REVIEW: Sensibility tests (cold, heat, electrical pulp test) in combination with radiographs are commonly promoted. However these tests are arbitrary, based on sensations and therefore not always ...
Caprioglio, C. - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Dental trauma in children is a frequent and often complex clinical event in which laser-assisted therapy, particularly using erbium lasers, can offer new treatment possibilities, improving the outcomes and reducing the associated complications. REVIEW: In particular, it is worth considering that the use of laser-assisted therapies is associated with ...
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