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Results 351 - 384 of 384
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Ellis, Harold - - 2007
Nowadays renal dialysis, with its sleek, compact machinery, is a routine, somewhat taken for granted procedure in our hospitals. The development of this life-saving apparatus, initiated by a young Dutch physician during the Nazi occupation of his country, is a fascinating story.
Chand, Manish - - 2007
Preoperative fasting is universally accepted as a beneficial practice to reduce the risk of pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents during the induction of general anaesthesia. What is less clear for many junior doctors and nurses is the administration of oral medication during the fasting period. This study aims to highlight ...
Townsend, Rachel - - 2007
Two of the advantages of day surgery are less disruption to patients' lives and the comfort of recovering at home. However, despite advances in analgesic and anaesthetic techniques, pain following day surgery is not well managed: recent studies have shown that between 30-60% of patients suffer moderate to severe pain ...
Russon, Kim - - 2007
The Department of Health (DH) proposes that 75% of elective surgery should be performed as a day case procedure (NHS Plan 2000). To achieve this some modification of the traditional selection criteria may be required and careful thought given to the patient pathway, including the anaesthetic technique. Successful anaesthesia for ...
Kurzer, Martin - - 2007
In excess of 100,000 inguinal hernia repairs are performed in the UK each year (Devlin & Kingsnorth 1998). It is the most commonly performed general surgical procedure and is routinely undertaken in patients receiving local anaesthesia in the day case setting. The Royal College of Surgeons has recommended that >50% ...
Kitson, Kathryn - - 2007
As theatre practitioners we are on our feet for long periods of time. How many of us can truthfully say that we treat our feet with the respect that they deserve, for example, wearing the correct footwear and generally taking good care of our feet? It is established that theatre ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2007
Anyone who has assisted, single-handedly, at a long plastic surgery operation, which will inevitably involve dozens of skin sutures, will have blessed the name of Thomas Pomfret Kilner (1890-1964) and his needle holder. This ingenious instrument combines the dual functions of a stitch-cutting scissors with a needle holder, so that ...
Digner, Marie - - 2007
This article describes how practitioners in one trust have worked in partnership with colleagues at NHS Direct to develop a telephone preoperative assessment service for elective day case surgery patients. The service has improved theatre utilisation by reducing the numbers of 'did not attends' (DNAs) and ensures the safe preparation ...
Beeson, Julia - - 2007
Bronchoscopy is a common day case procedure that can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of tracheobronchial disorders. The controlled application of extreme cold through a bronchoscope to endobronchial lesions (malignant and benign) is known as endobronchial cryosurgery. This procedure improves respiratory function and reduces shortness of breath and is ...
Gilmour, Diane - - 2007
Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) such as Meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Clostridium difficile (C. dif) are never far from the media headlines. In January 2006 a leaked memo identified the government's concerns that its target of halving MRSA infection rates by April 2008 may not be met (Boseley 2007). During ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2007
Surgeons have always been ready to adapt advances in technology into their practice. The discovery by Wilhelm Roentgen of X-rays in 1885 was applied within weeks of its publication to the diagnosis of fractures and the location of foreign bodies. The development of the electric light bulb by Edison enabled ...
Davidson, Jennifer - - 2007
Following the publication of the National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Death's (NCEPOD) report, Extremes of Age (NCEPOD 1999), several recommendations were made relating to the management of patients admitted via Accident and Emergency (A&E) with fractured necks of femur (NOF). An audit was carried out relating fluid management in the ...
Crawford, Angus - - 2007
The Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) departments at Glasgow's Southern General Hospital use their 21 flexible endoscopes on a daily basis for a variety of surgical and anaesthetic procedures, including difficult intubations and the examination of the throat and airway. This article will examine ...
Allen, Sheila - - 2007
Carr, Eloise - - 2007
In this article my sole aim is to engage the reader to think about the management of pain in a different way. I have deliberately taken a less formal style but provided references if you are interested in following up. The management of pain has often been assumed to be ...
Wilkinson, David - - 2007
David Wilkinson, Anaesthesia Practitioner (AP) and current representative of APs on the National Reference Panel, discusses the history of non-physician anaesthesia and its introduction into the UK; the arguments for and against the role; and offers a reflective view of the training.
Gee, Alison - - 2007
In January 2006 the BBC reported NHS trust debts of 1.07 billion [pounds sterling] in England (BBC 2006a). In April 2006 it reported that 7,000 job losses had already been confirmed (BBC 2006b)--although this figure could rise to as many as 13,000. Clarke (2006) identifies that many hospitals are now ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2007
Together with Sir William Macewen (1848-1924) and Sir Victor Horsley (1857-1916), Harvey Cushing (1869-1939) is recognised as one of the triumvirate of founders of the speciality of neuosurgery.
Chinery, Winifred - - 2007
The use of humour was reviewed to establish whether it could be used constructively to reduce work-related stress within the perioperative environment. It is clear from the review that further research is required in order to gain a better understanding of the concept of humour and its uses in healthcare ...
Tanner, Judith - - 2007
Preparing patients for surgery has traditionally included the routine removal of body hair from the intended surgical wound site. However, there are studies which claim that preoperative hair removal is deleterious to patients, perhaps by causing surgical site infections (SSIs), and should not be carried out. The objective of this ...
Smith, Brian - - 2007
According to the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (AAGBI 2002) the increasing complexity of surgical procedures has increased the need for improved monitoring of the postoperative patient. 'Recovery' of a patient has moved from a brief period of observation towards one of assessment and evaluation during the ...
Sexton, Kathleen - - 2007
Concerns about pending retirement of nurses working in the operating room (OR) are undeniable. The nurses' work environment and level of perceived support is part of the equation of why a nurse may choose to retire or stay in the workforce. This study compares nurses' perceptions of the work environment ...
Ellis, Harold - - 2007
Allen, Sheila - - 2007
Ellis, Harold - - 2007
Al-Hashemi, Jennifer - - 2007
Cipelletti, Luisa - - 2007
Ellis, Harold - - 2007
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