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Kokardekar, Rashmi - - 2012
Over the past years, extensive research has been carried out in designing and optimizing various drug delivery systems in order to maximize therapeutic effect and minimize unwanted effects of drugs. Many drug carrier systems have been developed on the basis of nanotechnology including systems based on polymeric nanoparticles. Polymeric drug ...
Kumar, Murthy - - 2012
Oncocytoma of the parotid is a very uncommon benign tumour accounting for 1% of benign tumours of the parotid. Clinically these swellings cannot be distinguished from other tumours and diagnosis is mainly by histopathological examination. All the reported cases arose from the superficial lobe of the parotid. This is a ...
Bhat, Vidya - - 2012
Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a neoplasm occurring in sporadic and familial patterns. A rare variant of medullary thyroid carcinoma shows microscopic features similar to hyalinizing trabecular adenoma of thyroid. Detection of this variant requires a high index of suspicion and immunohistochemical confirmation by calcitonin positivity. We present a 36 years ...
Singh, Raminder - - 2012
"Sixteen and a half' syndrome is a recently coined terminology for a novel pontine neuro-ophthalmological condition. It is characterised by "one and a half' syndrome with an additional ipsilateral seventh and eighth cranial nerve palsy (1!/2+7+8=16!/2). We hereby present a case with "sixteen and a half syndrome, characterised by facial ...
Suma, M.N. - - 2012
Fibrolipomatous hamartoma of nerve is a tumor-like lipomatous process principally affecting young persons. The median nerve is most commonly involved. The lesion is characterized by a soft slowly growing mass, surrounding and infiltrating major nerves and their branches. It may cause symptoms of compression neuropathy and is associated with macrodactyly ...
Singh, Ajai - - 2012
Tuberculosis of soft tissues as a result of spread from adjacent bone or joint is a well recognized entity. However isolated tuberculous pyomyositis, bursitis and tenosynovitis are rare, constituting about 1% of skeletal tuberculosis. Tubercular tenosynovitis commonly involves tendon sheaths of wrist and hand. Cases of tuberculous tenosynovitis of foot ...
Alayande, Barnabas - - 2012
Episiotomy is the commonest obstetric surgical operation performed to increase the diameter of the vulval outlet during the last part of the second stage of labour in order to facilitate vaginal delivery. The rate of episiotomy is on the decline in developed countries but still remains high in developing countries. ...
Chugh, Yash - - 2012
The present study was conducted to find out the prevalence and spectrum of Gram negative pathogens causing bacterial meningitis and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in a tertiary care hospital. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (3-5 ml) was collected from 638 admitted children clinically suspected of septic meningitis. Bacterial isolates were identified ...
Arora, Megha - - 2012
The objective of this study is to evaluate hormone levels in premenopausal females with breast cancer at the time of diagnosis and to predict their role as a risk factor of breast cancer in females. Circulating hormone levels were measured in 345 previously untreated premenopausal breast cancer patients during luteal ...
Vats, Rajeev - - 2012
Zinc is essential for normal growth and differentiation in all mammalian species and it is reported that folic acid supplementation has reduced the incidence of neural tube defects (NTD). It is still considered one of the important congenital malformations having wide implications. Zinc deficiency has been reported to produce NTD ...
Kachewar, Sushil - - 2012
Fetal Middle Cerebral Artery Peak Systolic Velocity (MCA-PSV) is being increasingly used for non-invasively diagnosing fetal anemias irrespective of their cause. A study was therefore undertaken to find out what different scenarios can be encountered in the local obstetric population. Doppler ultrasound measurements of fetal MCA-PSV were done in 1200 ...
Jain, Anju - - 2012
Abdominal tuberculosis usually has nonspecific presentation, frequently mimicking other diseases. Because of the limitations of the conventional methods of diagnosis of extra pulmonary tuberculosis, focus is shifted to molecular methods. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the role of nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) targeting hup B gene ...
Saini, Vandana - - 2012
The association between overt hypothyroidism (OH) and altered lipid profile is well known, however the significance of dyslipidemia in subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) remain controversial. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine any association between lipid profile and different degrees of thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid and lipid profile parameters were analysed in ...
Joshi, A.R. - - 2012
Patil, Harsha - - 2012
H1N1 influenza is an emerging threat that is life threatening to pregnant women in the third trimester. Pregnant women are a high-risk group for morbidity and mortality from influenza (H1N1). During the current pandemic of H1N1 influenza, few cases of H1N1 have been reported in pregnancy. We report a case ...
Avasthi, Shalini - - 2012
Essential Thrombocytosis (ET) is a clonal disorder of unknown etiology involving a multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cell and is manifested clinically by the overproduction of platelets without a definable cause. Clinically, ET is most often identified incidentally when a platelet count is obtained during the course of routine evaluation. There are ...
Kachewar, Sushil - - 2012
Osseous expansion of any body part is an unwelcome guest and deep are its impacts when it is located on the face. The bigger the lesion, the more bitter is the psychosocial trauma to the affected individual. This article describes the case of a 50 year old female who presented ...
Bhalla, Pankaj - - 2012
Metastatic cancer to the pancreas accounts for less than 2% of all pancreatic malignancies, with renal cell carcinoma being the predominant type. We report the case of an elderly patient detected with a solitary lesion in the head of the pancreas, 6 years after a nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. ...
Lalla, Rakesh - - 2012
Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculoma can have variable presentation depending upon the site and number of tuberculomata. We are reporting a rare case of a 15 years old girl who presented to our hospital with binocular diplopia on right gaze. Clinical examination revealed left sided internuclear ophthalmoplegia and dysdiadochokinesia and ...
Marya, Ramesh - - 2012
Problem based learning curriculum is widely recognized as a progressive, learner-centered, active learning approach and is currently used in the entire medical curriculum in over 10% of medical schools worldwide. But, is there real evidence that PBL is more effective than traditional approaches? In this report, outcomes of a PBL ...
Reddy, Rama - - 2012
The main objective of this study is to note the changes that occur in the lipid profile levels following an acute myocardial ischemic attack and also correlate the changes in the lipid profile levels to the ischemic markers (Cardiac troponin-I and AST). The study included two groups; the first group ...
Batra, Vijay - - 2012
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) results in structural and functional abnormalities and reduced functional performance abilities. In developing countries majority of population lives in rural areas having limited resources and socio-cultural biodiversity. Their personal, socio-cultural and occupational habits vary and need to be addressed. So a culturally relevant and contextually appropriate, Composite ...
Kumar, Naveen - - 2012
Allergic respiratory disorders are fairly common visiting cases in pediatrics outpatient department (OPD). With an appropriate history and detailed examination, diagnosis may not be problematic. Routine investigation may not contribute much to the final diagnosis but may help in ruling out other possibilities. This study was done to evaluate sensitivity ...
Shalini - - 2012
The study aims at the assessment of prescribing pattern for elderly patients, since they are more prone to prescription of multiple medications. The prescription of multiple medications leads to polypharmacy, more adverse drug reactions and non-adherence to treatment. The study was conducted on OPD basis in a rural health centre ...
Verma, Amit - - 2012
The aim of present study to analyze the occurrence and in-vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial pathogens isolated from surgical wound infections. Specimens from a total of 129 patients undergoing either emergency or elective surgery were collected from infected sites or stitch lines and inoculated onto appropriate media. The bacterial cultures ...
Avasthi, Sachin - - 2012
Osteoarthritis knee is one of the most prevalent disorders in the Indian subcontinent. The wide prevalence and varying features makes it a disease of disguise. Multiple etiological factors have been described. The most recent is genetic contribution in the causation of the disease. This case control study was conducted in ...
Saxena, Amit - - 2012
The aim of this study was to observe whether levothyroxine replacement therapy has an effect on hypertension in patients of hypothyroidism. This prospective study included all newly diagnosed cases of hypothyroidism (overt or subclinical) with hypertension, of either sex between 21-70 years of age. Levothyroxine replacement therapy was administered continuously ...
Chandrahausan, Anitha - - 2012
The increase in occurrence of infections due to opportunistic gram-negative bacilli in patients with impaired host defences emphasizes the need for information on the antibiotic susceptibility of the organisms that infects such patients. Pseudomonas aeruginosa are becoming increasingly resistant to antimicrobial agents, and serious infections caused by these organisms often ...
Munjal, Kavita - - 2012
Objective structured practical examination (OSPE) is a practical exam system wherein there is a series of stations at which students work through tasks designed to test various skills and are tested using agreed check lists with observers sitting at some of the stations. It has been found to be objective, ...
Agnihotri, Smriti - - 2012
Agnihotri, Arun - - 2011
Akhter, Javed - - 2011
Liver transplantation is the primary treatment for various end-stage hepatic diseases but is hindered by the lack of donor organs, complications associated with rejection and immunosuppression. An increasingly unbridgeable gap exists between the supply and demand of transplantable organs. Hence stem cell research and regenerative medicine have the potential to ...
Kachewar, Sushil - - 2011
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare congenital nonhereditary mesenchymal hamartomatous malformation resulting in localized gigantism of parts of extremities that manifests clinically as macrodactyly or megalodactyly. Radiological and Pathological hallmark is the disproportionate fibroadipose tissue proliferation in subcutaneous tissue, nerve sheaths, and periosteum that leads to soft tissue and bony enlargement. ...
Yihun, Asrie - - 2011
Although phobia is more commonly observed during adolescence as compared to adulthood, its specific type of murophobia is uncommon. Especially in a country like Ethiopia, where awareness, orientation to mental health and its psychological treatment is undergoing its infancy on account of several reasons, the neurotic disorders are rarely reported ...
Chewoolkar, Vaibhav - - 2011
Behcet's disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown origin. It is well established that Behcet's disease predisposes strongly to venous and arterial thrombosis and recurrent superficial and deep thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities. There are different considerations about the pathogenesis of the vascular complications and the tendency for thrombosis ...
Avasthi, Shalini - - 2011
Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) is characterized by a rapidly enlarging hemangioma, thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and consumption coagulopathy as a result of platelet and red blood cell trapping and activation of clotting system within the vasculature of hemangioma. This syndrome is shown to be associated with kaposiform hemangioendotheliomas or tufted hemangioma.
Baviskar, Bharati - - 2011
A rare case of squamous cell carcinoma with metastasis to distal acral skeleton--humerus within two months of diagnosis of the primary is being reported. The metastasis to the bones from carcinoma cervix is uncommon especially in the distal appendicular skeleton. A 47 years female came with spontaneous fracture of right ...
Xu, ShiQin - - 2011
Intracellular signalling transduction plays a pivotal role in cell activation, and the regulation of gene transcription needs the involvement of series of nuclear factors. Nuclear transcription factor- kappa B, one of the key factors in mediating gene expression, takes an essential part in a body of physiological and pathological processes. ...
Paul, Bobby - - 2011
The present study was carried out to analyze the growth pattern of preterm and IUGR infants from birth up to nine months of age. A longitudinal study was conducted in an urban slum of Chetla, Kolkata, India. Study population comprised of 36 low birth weight babies, out of which 13 ...
Chugh, Yashpal - - 2011
The present study was conducted with the objective to determine antimicrobial susceptibility of Gram positive CSF isolates in septic meningitis in a tertiary care hospital. CSF (3-5 ml) was collected from 638 admitted children clinically suspected of septic meningitis. Bacterial isolates were identified and microbial sensitivity was assessed by the ...
Vadgama, Vishalkumar - - 2011
Osteoarthritis is a chronic painful condition affecting larger joints; most commonly knee joint. Pharmacological control of pain is the mainstay of management of osteoarthritis. Many patients fail to achieve satisfactory reduction in pain with one of the most commonly prescribed drugs, diclofenac sodium, even after maximum daily allowed doses. Lornoxicam ...
Nengroo, Showkat - - 2011
The present study was undertaken to establish the efficacy of low dose propofol-ketamine infusion in maintaining hemodynamic stability when used for sedation as compared to propofol alone during spinal anesthesia. Sixty adult patients of either sex, belonging to ASA physical status I and II undergoing urological procedures were studied in ...
Sharma, Geetanjali - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease of undetermined etiology involving the synovial membranes and articular structures of multiple joints and is also associated with carditis, pleuritis, hepatitis, peripheral neuropathy and vasculitis. The present study was undertaken to investigate arterial stiffness using carotid-radial and femoral-dorsalis pedis pulse wave velocity ...
Amole, Isaac - - 2011
Developing countries are now witnessing an increase in overweight; obesity and obesity-related morbidity. We determined the prevalence of obesity using the measure of body mass index (BMI) and hypertension and the association between obesity and hypertension among adults in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study of 400 adults was carried ...
Saxena, Yogesh - - 2011
Nutritional inadequacy leads to health problems, especially during the period of increased demand. Adolescents are a potential group in view of rapid growth and maturation which demands extra nutrients. With the multitude of social customs and beliefs cited against adolescents especially adolescent girls it is no wonder that they form ...
Yagnik, Vipul - - 2011
Kumar, Robby - - 2011
Epigenetic inactivation of genes that are crucial for the control of normal cell growth is a hallmark of cancer cells. Epigenetic modifications of the DNA do not alter the nucleotide sequence instead they involve the regulation of gene transcription and DNA methylation. Hypermethylation or histone deacetylation, which is within the ...
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