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Subramaney, U. - - 2012
Background. Police officers are predisposed to trauma exposure. The development of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be influenced by personality style, prior exposure to traumatic events and prior depression.
Henning, M.P. - - 2012
Background. Syphilis research has neglected the prevalence of the disease among psychiatric patients, and traditional syphilis screening has been reported as inadequate.
Burns, J.K. - - 2012
Background. Socio-environmental factors are associated with an increased incidence of psychosis and may affect the pathway to care in first-episode psychosis (FEP).
Peltzer, K. - - 2012
Objective. To investigate cognitive functioning and associated factors in a national probability sample of older South Africans who participated in the Study of Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) in 2008.
Peltzer, K. - - 2012
Objective. To investigate sleeping problems, sleep duration and associated factors in a national probability sample of older South Africans who participated in the Study of Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) in 2008.
van Rensburg, Bernard - - 2012
Executive summary. National mental health policy: SASOP extends its support for the process of formalising a national mental health policy as well as for the principles and content of the current draft policy. Psychiatry and mental health: psychiatrists should play a central role, along with the other mental health disciplines, ...
van Zyl, - - 2012
Introduction. Current data regarding treatment needs in South Africa for substance dependence are based on admissions to specialised treatment centres. The data therefore do not include patients presenting to independent healthcare workers and state hospitals.
van Rensburg, Bernard - - 2012
Introduction. The State Employed Special Interest Group (SESIG) of the South African Society of Psychiatrists (SASOP) was established in Durban during the national congress in September 2000. Issues of concern at the time included: suboptimal physical conditions in state hospitals and clinics; stalling of the essential drug list (EDL) review ...
Strydom, M.A.A. - - 2012
Objectives. Anxiety disorders are the most common childhood psychiatric disorders. Previous research suggests that South African rates may be high. Our study examined the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression among Grade 11 and 12 learners attending schools in central Bloemfontein. Learners' perceptions of the important stressors as well ...
Gillis, Lynn - - 2012
The history of psychiatry in South Africa stretches back to the first settlement by Europeans in the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. Its development falls into 3 phases with some overlaps. The first was a period of expediency and restraint during the early stages of the occupation of the ...
Moosa, M.Y.H. - - 2012
Aim. Despite the prevalence of HIV and AIDS in South Africa reaching pandemic proportions, very few studies have been published on co-morbid depression. This study at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital was conducted on a group of HIV-positive patients with depression who were receiving antiretroviral treatment. The aim of the study ...
Lachman, Anusha - - 2012
Background. A large number of adolescents meet criteria for 'dual diagnosis' (a psychiatric disorder plus co-morbid substance use disorder (SUD)), which prolongs treatment response and complicates intervention strategies. The current service model in Cape Town divides the care of such patients into psychiatric treatment and a separate substance use intervention. ...
Govender, I. - - 2012
Introduction. Stress and burnout are common among healthcare professionals, including doctors and nurses. Work-related stress rates among the general working population average 18%, while among doctors the rate is reported to be around 28%. Stress in doctors can result in multiple negative consequences. Detecting stress early may have positive outcomes ...
Heckler, H. - - 2012
Introduction. South African children and adolescents face serious challenges. Over the past decades children have been exposed to rapid and stressful changes in their environment, including increased crime and violence.
Mokoka, Matlhodi - - 2012
We review the nature of disability claims on psychiatric grounds in the South African context, including factors contributing to disability claims, specific disorders usually leading to disability claims, impairment and disability, assessing the degree of impairment, guidelines in assessing psychiatric disability, ethical considerations, consequences of medical boarding, and rehabilitation. Psychiatrists ...
Pisk, Sandra - - 2012
Background and objective. Adolescence is considered a critical stage of life, and one during which body image and self-concept are of particular importance for peer acceptance and approval. Body weight may impact on satisfaction or dissatisfaction in adolescent girls' self-concept. The aim of this research was to determine the association ...
Fine, G. - - 2012
The prevention of suicide, particularly adolescent suicide, remains one of the biggest challenges in psychiatry.
Govender, R.D. - - 2012
Background and objectives. HIV/AIDS and suicidal behaviour are major public health concerns. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between hopelessness, depression and suicidal ideation in HIV-infected persons.
Peltzer, Karl - - 2012
Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of psychological distress and associated factors among outpatients in an urban hospital in South Africa.
Moodley, S.V. - - 2012
Introduction. Adolescent substance use has a number of adverse consequences for both the individual and society. Anecdotal evidence suggested the existence of a serious substance use problem among learners in Atteridgeville, part of the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality in Gauteng, South Africa.
- - 2011
Vally, Zahir - - 2011
HIV infection is associated with disturbances in brain function referred to as HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). This literature review outlines the recently revised diagnostic criteria for the range of HAND from the earliest to the more advanced stages: (i) asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment; (ii) mild neurocognitive disorder; and (iii) HIV-associated dementia. ...
Bakare, Muideen - - 2011
Objectives. Characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in Africa are not known because of unavailability of large-scale epidemiological studies in this region. This review explored the age at first presentation to orthodox clinical practice of African children with ASDs and their expressive language ability at presentation.
Kotze, Carla - - 2011
Objective. The objective was to review psychiatric involvement in seven prosecutorial workshops on criminal capacity between 2004 and 2009. The aim was to evaluate the changing role of the psychiatrists in the workshops in order to identify areas in forensic psychiatry where prosecutors have a specific need for training, and ...
Mume, Celestine - - 2011
Background and objectives. Short nocturnal sleep duration resulting in sleep debt may be a cause of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). Severity of depression (psychopathology) has been found to be directly related to EDS. There is an association between sleep duration and mental health, so there may therefore be an interrelationship ...
Ras, J. - - 2011
Objectives. The national Department of Health strongly advocates the strengthening of primary health care systems, and recommendations for appropriate level of care referrals exist. Very few published data on the scope of current ambulatory specialised psychiatric hospital services in South Africa are currently available, making it difficult to assess whether ...
- - 2011
Abiodun, O.A. - - 2011
Background. Primary care physicians (PCPs) are accessible to most patients and are gatekeepers to specialist care. In our hospital the primary care department is potentially the main source of referral to our recently established child and adolescent psychiatric clinic, which is experiencing low attendance or under-utilisation. We suspected that child ...
Peltzer, Karl - - 2011
Background. Sexual expression affects physical, mental and social well-being. There is a lack of understanding on sexual dissatisfaction among patients on antiretroviral treatment in Africa.
Tunde-Ayinmode, M.F. - - 2011
A correlation between unhealthy parenting styles and child psychopathology has been established. This case report describes how chronic harsh paternal parenting caused a young boy to deliberately poison himself with organophosphate chemicals (rat poison). This report is intended to stimulate the interest of physicians and psychiatrists in parenting style research ...
Ntsanwisi, V.T.R. - - 2011
Forced normalisation is a paradoxical relationship between seizure activity and behavioural problems. A 20-year-old man with recurrent refractory tonic-clonic epilepsy experienced forced normalisation while on medication with multiple anti-epileptic drugs (valproate sodium, carbamazepine and topiramate). A reduction in the seizure burden correlated with sudden behavioural changes manifesting with aggressive outbursts ...
van Wijk, Charles - - 2011
Objective. The Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) has proved useful to assess mood states in a range of clinical settings. Its local utility is restricted by the lack of normative data from South Africa. This paper presents preliminary normative data for use of the BRUMS in the South African health care ...
Hashim, Aili - - 2011
We report on a young adolescent diagnosed with early-onset schizophrenia and subsequently treated with clozapine. Clozapine is often used as the last line of treatment for patients with schizophrenia, even in the paediatric population. This report highlights the usefulness and challenges of using clozapine in adolescents with schizophrenia.
Walker, S. - - 2011
Objectives. Given the paucity of research on adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this study aimed to establish the prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) ADHD in a cohort of South African adolescents who had been diagnosed with the disorder in childhood. It also aimed to ...
Marais, P.J. - - 2011
Limited information regarding the relationship between psychopathology associated with epilepsy, crime and the legal aspects thereof is available in South Africa.
Swanepoel, I. - - 2011
The validity of clinical psychological tests remains a challenging issue, especially when the tests are applied in cultural groups other than those for which they were originally developed. Before the appearance of the International Test Commission (ITC) Guidelines, the commonly used cross-cultural test adaptation approaches often neglected intergroup differences in ...
Del Casale, - - 2011
Fear perception and subsequent appropriate behavioural response are crucial for the adaptation of species. During the past few decades functional neuro-imaging studies in humans exploring the neural basis of fear have contributed significantly to the understanding of its mechanisms. Imaging studies help to clarify the role of the amygdala-based neurocircuitry ...
Aghukwa, N.C. - - 2010
Background. This study determined and compared responses of 5th- and 6th (final)-year medical students on their attitudes to psychiatry as a profession. Also elicited were their choices of area of future medical specialisation.
Kannan, K. - - 2010
Background. Deliberate self-harm (DSH) ranges from behaviours aiming to communicate distress or relieve tension, but where suicide is not intended, to suicide. Not all individuals are prone to DSH, which suggests that there are factors that protect against it. Identifying these could play an important role in the management and ...
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