Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 143
1 2 3 >
Diaz-Buxo, Jose - - 2012
Background/Aim: Hemodialysis (HD) alone does not adequately control serum phosphorus levels. Hyperphosphatemia in end-stage renal disease is treated by a combination of dietary phosphate restriction and administration of phosphate binders. However, the daily pill burden from phosphate binders has been linked to non-adherence, poor serum phosphorus control, and lower quality ...
Miller, Lp. - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of contraction intensity (100%-, 75%-, 50%-, and 25%- maximum voluntary contraction [MVC]) and movement velocity (00 [isometric], 1000,2000, 3000, and 4000 s-1) on root mean square amplitude (SEMG-RMS) and median frequency power spectrum (SEMG-MNF) of the surface electromyography of vastus lateralis (VL). Ten healthy female ...
Zahreddine, Lama - - 2012
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen known to be a leading cause of nosocomial and community-acquired infections worldwide. Here, the role of biofilm formation and its possibility in enhancing the colonization and spread of P. aeruginosa in a medical center has been studied. More specifically, this study measures the in ...
Johnson, Eric - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the immediate effects of dorsiflexion resisted walking on ankle mobility, muscle recruitment of the ankle dorsiflexors, and gait velocity in healthy adults. Materials and Methods: Ten subjects were recruited for the pilot study. Five minutes of dorsiflexion resisted walking using ...
Kavazis, Andreas - - 2012
Supplements marketed as nitric oxide stimulators have recently become extremely popular among people engaged in resistance exercise training, but their efficacy has not been fully documented. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the ergogenic properties of acute L-arginine [alpha]-ketoglutarate ingestion in untrained and resistance exercise trained ...
Silverstein, Steven - - 2012
Purpose
Okoli, Charles - - 2012
Context/Objective: Irrational and inadequate drug use is common among rural natives of developing countries and this trend threatens the therapeutic life spans of currently recommended artemisinin combination drugs. This study tested the efficacy of artemether-lumefanthrine in children in rural dwellings of Nigeria.
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2011
Muscle soreness is a problem after exercise and controversy exists on when is the best time to apply heat. A pilot study was performed on 20 young healthy subjects to determine whether no heat (C) or the addition of therapeutic heat (8 hrs ThermaCare heat wrap) applied either immediately (I), ...
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2011
Recent evidence shows that a burst of rapid exercise with a duration of 10 minutes or less may be more effective in increasing body metabolism in the hours after exercise than is seen with low level aerobic exercise. In this experiment, we asked 10 participants with no history of cardiovascular ...
Donahoe-Fillmore, Betsy - - 2011
Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a condition affecting millions of Americans. Few studies have assessed the benefits of different exercises involved in pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT).
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2011
A combined "range of motion" and "back pain" scale was developed called the Range of Motion Pain Index (RMPI). It is based on range of motion and pain measurements during back extension, side-to-side rotation, and left and right rotation at the waist (0 = worst score, 100 = less pain ...
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2011
A single blinded randomized design was used to evaluate a one month exercise and diet program involving a meal replacement shake and an exercise program involving exercise videos to provide weekly workouts to increase fitness. For weight loss, a dietary restriction program was used at the same time involving a ...
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2011
Obesity is a major health problem in the United States and continues in epidemic proportions. Diet, without exercise, results in a loss of lean body mass. Exercise without diet causes a slower reduction in weight than with a diet. Exercise with diet causes a 24 hour increase in metabolism that ...
Malone, Daniel - - 2011
Objective: Carpal tunnel syndrome, caused by compression of the median nerve deep to the flexor retinaculum, is the most common entrapment neuropathy. Most patients are initially treated with conservative measures such as splinting. When conservative measures fail, interventional techniques are considered the next step. Many studies have appeared comparing open ...
Lawson, Daryl - - 2011
Twenty subjects were evaluated to test the effectiveness of a portable abdominal device (6 second Abs Machine (Savvier, LP. Carlsbad, CA). The relationship between work and peak surface EMG (sEMG) of a traditional crunch was compared to six different exercises using the 6 Second Abs Machine (SAM). sEMG was used ...
Silva, Ana Paula Moura Campos - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate the muscular relaxation of the upper trapezius induced by interferential current (IFC) application during rest and functional activities using surface electromyography registration (EMG).
Stouch, Bruce - - 2010
The sedentary life-style caused by extreme fatigue is a significant risk factor for heart disease which is a leading cause of death in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) patients. AMP-516, a 40-week double-blind, placebo-controlled study in CFS patients to evaluate the effectiveness of rintatolimod (Ampligen[R]) included repeated QT interval measurements. A ...
Lionberger, David - - 2010
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the diclofenac epolamine topical patch (DETP) by injury location during short-term treatment of pain associated with minor sports injuries or inflammatory pathologies.
Wu, Xiangming - - 2010
One billion human adults worldwide are overweight and, thus, more prone to develop cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and a variety of other chronic contidions. . Dietary supplements that inhibit gastrointestinal amylase are referred to as "starch blockers," and have been associated with weight loss. Starch blockers may promote weight loss by ...
Waugh, William - - 2010
Objective: Data is to be reported briefly that appear to indicate that if specific neuro-protective means are applied clinically, the incidence of progressive amnestic cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease with severe dementia will be reduced as major health problems for the elderly population in the developed world.
Raish, Mohammad - - 2010
A constituent of green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), or polyphenol (GTP) has been known to possess anti-cancer properties. Our goal was to investigate the enhanced anti-tumor effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) plus green tea extract in TC-1 tumor cells implanted into mice. The MTT assay, Western blot analysis and tumor growth ...
Benyahya, F. - - 2010
Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) and Familial Defective ApoB100 (FDB) are two clinically indistinguishable diseases with increased levels of LDL-cholesterol. Mutations in two different genes are responsible: LDLR for FH and APOB for FDB. We have a group of 46 individuals diagnosed clinically as ADH from the North-west Morocco, where genetic causes ...
Abdullah, N.E. - - 2010
Nasal obstruction resulting from inferior turbinate hypertrophy (ITH) was treated with Nd YAG laser inferior turbinectomy (Laser IT). The effectiveness of the procedure was assessed and compared with both Functional Endoscopic turbinoplasty (Turbinoplasty) and conventional partial turbinectomy (Conventional IT).
Okoli, Charles - - 2010
Context/Objective: Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) is currently the recommended first line treatment for uncomplicated malaria. However, with a plethora of ACTs currently available in Nigeria, it is pertinent to establish the efficacy of these drugs in clinical settings. This study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of the artesunate-amodiaquine combination in ...
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2010
One hundred seventeen female research subjects were involved in a single blinded randomized control study to assess the benefits of an exercise and diet program in restoring posture and balance and fitness in women who have given birth to 1 or more children in the last 18 years. The program ...
Isogai, Hiroshi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine phenotypic and genotypic identification of Candida species from HIV infected patients in Ethiopia. Oral rinses from 13 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients were inoculated on CHROMagar. Colonies were then sub cultured on Tobacco agar. DNA was extracted from 71 colonies and ...
Fukuda, Thiago - - 2010
Background: The surface electromyography (EMG) is a technique to capture and measure electrical activity and muscle action potential. It is applied to specify the production of force and to analyze muscle fatigue. The Root Mean Square (RMS) value has been used to quantify the electric signal because it reflects the ...
Esco, Michael - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV) after a maximal treadmill test between white and black men. Sixty white (n = 30) and black (n = 30) college-age men volunteered as study subjects. All subjects performed a ...
Senerth, Ken - - 2010
Taniuchi, Shoichiro - - 2009
The oral desensitization using hypoallergenic wheat was performed for twenty children with a history of wheat allergy. The enrolled subjects were divided into three groups: children with severe wheat allergy, group S; children with mild wheat allergy, group M; children receiving no desensitization, group C. The oral desensitization was performed ...
Ngo, Phung - - 2009
This study evaluated effects of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonis aprepitant on CY P2C9 as measured by the pharmacokinetics of oral tolbutamide, a substrate of CYP2C9. Healthy young adults were randomized to receive either oral aprepitant 40mg or placebo. All subjects received oral tolbutamide 500 mg at baseline (Day -7 to ...
Yamauchi, Hideki - - 2009
Using a rat model of focal photochemically-induced thrombosis, we demonstrated previously the presence of activated areas in the ipsilateral sensorimotor cortex surrounding areas of cerebral infarction. Using the same model, we next used the images of two-dimensional poly-acrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) and peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) analysis to screen key ...
Borges, Cristiane Aparecida - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to verify, by a systematic literature review, the effect of resisted exercise applied to the inferior limbs spastic muscles in relationship to muscular force, spasticity and functionality of hemiparetic subjects. A literature review of the Medline, Lilacs, Scielo, PEDro, PubMed and Ebsco databases was ...
Yan, Shaomin - - 2009
Hemophilia B is a recessive bleeding disorder resulting from mutations in the coagulation factor IX gene. As this disease is characterized by clinical and molecular heterogeneity, the building of relationship between its genotype and phenotype would be great helpful for better diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. We use a descriptively probabilistic ...
Vasquez, Yvonne - - 2009
Botulism is a rare and very serious neuroparalytic illness caused by a potent toxin produced by the organism Clostridium botulinum. Of the four forms of botulism (foodborne, wound, infant, and adult intestinal toxemia), infant botulism is the most common. Infant botulism is a complex syndrome that can be manifested by ...
Tomasik, Przemyslaw - - 2009
Celiac disease is defined as a permanent gluten intolerance, which if untreated leads to malnutrition. The effect of that disease on the gut-brain axis remains unknown. This paper reports the level of plasma ghrelin, orexin A and B in a group of fifteen 8.6 [+ or -] 3.4-year-old children with ...
Schofer, Helmut - - 2009
Regulatory approval of topical nadifloxacin for the treatment of acne vulgaris was based on data from controlled and randomised clinical trials using a monotherapy regimen. Frequently in dermatological practice, however, multi-regimen approaches are used. This prospective trial was conducted to assess clinical use and value of topical nadifloxacin in the ...
Petrofsky, Jerrold - - 2009
With an increase emphasis in society on technical achievements, exercise is not a priority or part of daily life. As such, core muscles are weak and back injury is becoming a national health care problem in the United States. In the present investigation, the subjects were 5 males and 4 ...
Lechin, Fuad - - 2009
Drugs that inhibit the uptake of serotonin at the synaptic level, such as doxepin, are able to counteract hyperinsulism-induced hypoglycemia. Thus, we postulated that tianeptine, a drug which facilitates the uptake of serotonin at both synaptic and platelet levels, might display an anti-diabetogenic effect. We investigated the oral glucose tolerance ...
Ikawa, Kazuro - - 2009
This study examined the penetrability of biapenem into the peritoneal fluid (PF) of laparotomy patients and assessed the peritoneal pharmacodynamics against common gram-negative bacteria that cause intra-abdominal infections. Biapenem (300 mg) was administered by 0.5-h infusion to 10 patients before the laparotomy. The drug concentrations in both plasma and PF ...
Abo, Masahiro - - 2009
Background: Recently, functional MRI (fMRI) is used for the judgment of the training effect of the aphasia. However, this task is very difficult for fMRI. The purpose of this study is to evaluate fMRI repetition data using block design and event-related design. Subjects and Methods: Eleven healthy control men (mean ...
de Castro, - - 2009
Hyperlipidemia is well recognized as an important risk factor in the development of atherosclerosis. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are components of cholesterol that are highly associated to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Hypercholesterolemia induces proteolytic and oxidative changes in vasculature, leading to a local inflammatory response. Since dietary antioxidants have ...
Rusinyol, Frandisco - - 2009
Objectives: to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of two different dosages of eperisone (150 and 300 mg/day) in comparison with those of diazepam 15 mg/day, orally given for seven days.
Marcus, Philip - - 2009
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are recommended as first-line therapy for patients with persistent asthma and as adjunctive therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who experience exacerbations. Administration of nebulized budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) may be an appropriate alternative in certain patients with asthma or COPD that are uncontrolled ...
Feldman, Samantha - - 2009
Beta-glucan from oats and barley may decrease cardiovascular risk factors. Beta-glucan from some kinds of mushrooms may have as similar effect while modulating the immune system. This pilot trial examined whether beta-glucan derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae can favorably decrease the risk of or symptomology associated with upper respiratory illness. Forty ...
1 2 3 >