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Randjarv, Laine - - 2012
This article analyses the correspondence (1959-1975) between two outstanding Estonian cultural figures--the conductors Roland Laasmae and Tuudur Vettik, and the correspondence (1955-1967) of Tuudur Vettik with his wife Lonni Vettik-Paigaline. For a researcher, reading private correspondence reveals a confidential world, describing times and circumstances long past. Letters that were not ...
Olaqi, Fahd Mohammed Taleb - - 2012
Marlowe's Tamburlaine (1589) is a great Elizabethan Oriental play. Marlowe's reference to the Qur'an and the Prophet Muhammad is remarkable in two parts of the play. Marlowe calls it the 'Turkish Alcoran' to attack the Turkish pride in affronting it. However, to burn the Qur'an, Marlowe denigrates it, and unfairly ...
Saar, Juri - - 2012
This article examines the international security situation by means of an integrated cultural-civilisational approach. According to this approach, crime is an inevitable part in cultural phenomena, wherefore the definitions of crimes, punishments and their execution manifest value specificities of cultures (civilisations). The links of fundamental terrorism with cultural conflict are ...
Mizera, Luule - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to compare the Estonian senior high school students' value priorities in cohorts of 2000 and 2009. A questionnaire based on five value types from the Schwartz Value Survey (Schwartz and Bilsky 1987)--Self-direction, Achievement, Conformity, Power, and Tradition--was used for data collection. The study ...
Raju, Marju - - 2012
A Test Battery created in Canada, aimed at mapping the musical development of children of different ages and in different cultures, was piloted within a group of Estonian children (N = 26, age 4 to 12 years) with varying degrees of musical training. The verbal parts of the test were ...
Fatu-Tutoveanu, Andrada - - 2012
The paper analyses the potential of a theoretical comparison between communism and colonialism, focusing on the cultural dimension of the Stalinization process in Eastern Europe. The paper applies this theoretical perspective to late 1940s-early 1950s Romanian culture in relation with the appropriation of culture by the communist regime within the ...
Aavik, Anu - - 2012
This study explores the differences and similarities in self-reported child-rearing activities and personal values between Estonian and Russian parents in Estonia using archival data. Participants included 236 Estonian and 111 Russian parents whose children, aged 10-16, attend regular schools. Parenting practices were evaluated using the QTP (Questionnaire for Rearing Tasks), ...
Vernygora, Vlad - - 2012
This paper contributes to the debate on the multidimensional phenomenon of Asian regional integration. Considering one case study--a regional grouping known as 'ASEAN+3'--this paper offsets it against relevant achievements on the European continent. Admitting that direct application of the EU's model to the ASEAN+3 frameworks is fruitless, this study uses ...
Undusk, Rein - - 2012
The infinite, understood as transcendency, stood in the background of most medieval thinking. Embraced in the early Middle Ages by the concept of universal natural symbolism, which organized the reading of the syntax of natura, the infinite posed new epistemic problems for medieval thinking after the re-emergence of Aristotle's natural ...
Kiik-Salupere, Vaike - - 2011
A successful singing lesson requires coordinated efforts from the three parties involved: student, teacher, and accompanist. Results are reported of a survey in which 32 statements were rated on a 5-point Likert scale by high-school students, university students, and professional singers from an opera chorus. The statements were related to ...
Kalmus, Veronika - - 2011
The aim of this study was to identify the strongest predictors of individual differences in Internet use, taking into account personality traits, socio-demographic variables, and indicators of habitus and lifestyle. To this purpose, an empirically robust and theoretically easily interpretable classification of online activities and their underlying motives was developed. ...
Poldvee, Aivar - - 2011
Literary languages can be divided into those which are more transparent or less transparent, based on phoneme-grapheme correspondence. The Estonian language falls in the category of more transparent languages; however, its development could have proceeded in another direction. The standards of the Estonian literary language were set in the first ...
Lott, Toomas - - 2011
This paper offers an explanation of why Plato, in his later dialogues, begins to view the capacity of belief formation as necessarily involving the reasoning part of the soul. I will argue that the standard explanation, according to which for later Plato forming beliefs requires cognitive access to intelligibles (Forms), ...
Mittelstrass, Jurgen - - 2011
Within the boundaries of transdisciplinary developments, the individual disciplines do not remain what they were, they at least change their methodical and theoretical perspectives. Not just the theories in the narrow sense, also the disciplines themselves get pulled into the process of research and science--in a systematic manner.
Nurmi, Raimo - - 2011
The article is an attempt to interpret the twentieth century. The interpretation is anchored between Jose Ortega y Gasset's characterization of the modern art of the early twentieth century and postmodernists' characterization of the late twentieth century. Developments in arts, religion, politics, economy, sports and science are treated from this ...
Shadurski, Maxim - - 2011
This paper explores the mechanism of interaction between major themes and concerns which featured in discussions of national identity, and their interpretation in the utopian novels of William Morris, Robert Hugh Benson, and Herbert Read. Arguing that News from Nowhere, The Dawn of All, and The Green Child (and, by ...
Haase, Fee-Alexandra - - 2011
After an introduction of the state and method of research regarding speech we will focus on the question "Where does speech come from?" from a comparative historical linguistic perspective. Here we will look at the origins of speech in the Indo-European languages and the origins of speech in the other ...
Fayemi, Ademola - - 2011
The paper is an attempt to revisit and examine the recondite issue of cultural universais and particulars, taking into consideration Wireduan philosophical account. The paper strengthens further the basic tenets of Kwasi Wiredu's philosophical defense of the compatibility of cultural universals and particulars. Through critical exposition, the paper appraises some ...
Vujadinovic, Snezana - - 2011
The paper represents project results of a multi-year long research on the problem of refugees. First, we started from the fact that although the number of refugees in Serbia is decreasing, their social status has been bad for years and the qualitative changes are slow. We tried to answer the ...
Marksoo, Ulle - - 2011
Long-term unemployment is an increasing concern in Europe. This paper sheds new light on the development and determinants of long-term unemployment in Estonia over the last two decades, taking a particular focus on the years of economic boom and bust. The analysis is based on the individual level data of ...
Arstila, Valtteri - - 2011
The widespread use and novel applications of brain imaging techniques seem to open the possibility of new threats to one's privacy. Being in a situation where we cannot control what information about ourselves is available to others could restrict the jobs we can get, the business we conduct, the way ...
Siipi, Helena - - 2011
Neuro-enhancement refers to the use of applications of modern neurosciences to make people better--smarter, happier, more sociable etc. This paper consists of analyses on claims concerning unnaturalness of neuro-enhancement. In what sense, if any, is neuro-enhancement unnatural? If neuro-enhancement is unnatural, is its unnaturalness morally noteworthy? Four possible senses of ...
Holm, Soren - - 2011
The possibility of a human person changing personal identity raises questions concerning what the moral obligations of the new person are. Do obligations endure through a change of identity or are they extinguished? Both horns of this dilemma create philosophical and practical problems. In this paper I will argue that ...
Takala, Tuija - - 2011
It is often suggested that advances in neurosciences will force us to re-think our customary notions of personal identity and personality. In this paper, we study a number of philosophical positions on these notions, especially in connection with mentally degenerative illnesses and neural grafting. We conclude that while the possible ...
Vehmas, Simo - - 2011
This article offers an introductory analysis of the philosophical and empirical considerations having to do with the significance of psychopathy, intellectual disability and ADHD regarding one's moral responsibility. Moral responsibility comes in degrees and is ultimately determined on social grounds. Whether a certain diagnosis and its underpinning neuro-cognitive impairment affects ...
Arnason, Gardar - - 2011
Neuroscientific challenges to free will work on at least three levels: there is a metaphysical level, an epistemological level, and an empirical level. In this paper I discuss the main neuroscientific challenges on each of these three levels. Three fundamental conditions for free will can also be placed on these ...
Schleim, Stephan - - 2011
Neuroethics deals with the normative implications of advances and new technology of neuroscience. Some scholars argue that experiments on moral judgment might allow solutions to moral problems in the future or already nowadays. We discuss this research under the label of moral physiology to delineate this theoretical question from the ...
Joesaar, Andres - - 2011
The European Union declares that for democracy and pluralism in member states a strong and independent public service broadcasting (PSB) is needed. Patterns chosen by each country and available time for development vary a lot. Despite the wide variety, the universal intersection and similar characteristics between countries and country groups ...
Lohmus, Maarja - - 2011
The present study aims to describe the dynamics of spatial-temporal relations in daily newspaper texts. This includes agreements on what constitutes the 'present', the extent of the 'past' and the 'future', and where the reader's hypothetical place in space is. The temporal dimensions that emerged in Estonian newspapers (Paevaleht, Rahva ...
Valk, Aune - - 2011
The article reports the results of a comparative study of the relationship between the ethnic and national identity of different ethnic groups residing in Estonia. The aim of the study was to identify aspects of the Estonian national identity that are acceptable to all ethnic groups in Estonia--the Estonian Open ...
Kaiser, Otto - - 2011
This article does not make the pretension to represent a new understanding of the late Nietzsches main ideas, but tries to give an overall view on them according to the corresponding research during the last decades. It is an essay to demonstrate the inner connection of his three main ideas ...
Njegovan, Biljana - - 2011
The improvement of the social status of the Roma as a highly deprived social group is a priority of the countries signatories of the Roma inclusion 2005-2015. The Roma population, outstandingly more than all others, faces numerous problems. The state institutions in the Republic of Serbia have been actively involved ...
Aarelaid-Tart, Aili - - 2010
Time can be interpreted as a cognitive construction of social reality, which brings order to social interaction and communication, in all its variability from one culture to another. Using a variety of (culturally distinct) reckoning systems, people would like to control and regulate the uncertain and unreliable circumstances of their ...
Remm, Tiit - - 2010
In this paper I discuss the problematic presence of time in the spatial metalanguage of cultural and social research. General use of everyday spatial metaphors, as well as attempts to formalise spatial models, explicate the role of space as a modelling system. At the same time, the aspect of temporality ...
Torop, Peeter - - 2010
The main problem of the historical understanding of translation lies in finding the appropriate metalanguages. Revisiting time in translation studies means finding complementarity between historical metalanguage for description of translational activity and semiotic metalanguage for understanding different sides of translatability. We have distinguished the achronic theoretical component in the unified ...
Jaago, Tiiu - - 2010
This research paper will study the phenomenon of time through folklore. The focus is on the educational film created in the 1950s about folk traditions that is analysed on three levels: the response of today's students, the role of context in interpreting the film, and changes in the concept of ...
Nugin, Raili - - 2010
The article addresses the interdependence of personal and social time. Certain social events at certain age create specific forms of social identity which defines itself through these social developments. The focus of this article is theorizing how this identity--in other words, generational consciousness--can be triggered by social processes. In particular, ...
Harro-Loit, Halliki - - 2010
By bringing together the theoretical approach of cultural memory studies and analysis of news discourse, this study analyses the devices and strategies anniversary news text employs in the social construction of time within the framework of national temporality. On the example of three television news stories, the analysis makes visible ...
Halas, Elzbieta - - 2010
This article presents an outline of the problems of time, history and memory seen from a cultural perspective. Aiming at a revalorization of the cultural dimension in sociocultural phenomena, it particularly highlights the concept of cultural memory. In the cultural perspective, memory is a temporal dimension of meaning. Memory consists ...
Agulanna, Christopher - - 2010
An interest in community has remained the concern of philosophers and other thinkers from the period of known history. All through the history of thought, there have been those who have tried to denigrate community and who have seen it as something that could be jettisoned or discarded by humans. ...
Taht, Karin - - 2010
The model for relationships between general educational performance (GEP) and non-cognitive characteristics (e.g. students' self-evaluation and motivation in science), was worked out previously on Estonian data (Taht and Must 2009). The aim of this paper was to fit the model on the data of four neighbouring countries. The analyses showed ...
Erne, Jaanika - - 2010
The aim of the article is to explain the renewed primary and secondary lawmaking in the EU context. The article defines international treaties and secondary law; classifies international treaties, indicates the status of secondary laws; and introduces the law-making procedures under international law, EU law, and Estonian law. The main ...
Chaban, Natalia - - 2010
This paper attempts to demonstrate the construction of political and media narratives in their diachronical circulation of ideas about the role and place of the Supreme Law in the life of a newly independent and equally newly democratic Ukraine. In particular, this study aims to reconstruct Ukraine's legal portrait through ...
Soukand, Renata - - 2010
This contribution investigates the idea of herbal landscape, associated with a personal perception of landscape as a source of materia medica. The herbal landscape can be divided into specific smaller units according to several natural and cultural boundaries. This explains why the original knowledge of plants gleaned by one set ...
Murgia, Raimondo - - 2010
The foremost goal of this work is to put forward a Christological interpretation of The Ruin, an old English poem found in the Exeter Book that has been catalogued by critics among the Old English Elegies. Comparisons with the Bible will uphold my design, which pivots on the image of ...
Kuun, Elvira - - 2010
According to the database of the population census from the year 2000 (Eesti ... 2000), there are representatives of 142 ethnic groups living in Estonia, speaking a total of 109 native languages. At the same time, the database does not state which languages are spoken at home. The material presented ...
Pajupuu, Hille - - 2010
One of the problems in testing the proficiency of Estonian as a first or second language is that high-stake exams are assessed against the standards of the written language. Given this, we set out to describe the features of the actual use of educated language in different types of text. ...
Beetschen, Jean-Claude - - 2010
Submitted in Jena (1808), Tredern's thesis on the chick embryo was admired by Karl Ernst von Baer a few years later. Baer then tried to find traces of Tredern during the 19th century and found a few testimonies about him. Nevertheless, it was impossible to get precise information about Tredern's ...
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