Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1140
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Taneja, Neelam - - 2010
Background & objectives: Paediatric urinary tract infections (UTI) are associated with high morbidity and long term complications like renal scarring, hypertension, and chronic renal failure. A cause of occult febrile illness, they often remain undiagnosed. We studied the clinical and microbiologic profile and antibiotic resistance profile of such infections in ...
Derakhshan, Mohammad - - 2010
Background & objectives: Studies of interaction between viruses and mitochondria have shown that viruses can affect the mitochondria. Also linkage between human diseases and mitochondrial dysfunction has been revealed. We studied the effect of measles virus (MV) on cell respiration in MV infected Hela cells to see any possible changes ...
Javed, Sabah - - 2010
Background & objectives: Legionella pneumophila has been increasingly recognized as an emerging pathogen responsible for community acquired pneumonia (CAP) worldwide. In India, the actual burden is not known. The present study was thus undertaken to see the presence of Legionella infection in patients with community acquired pneumonia admitted in a ...
Mohanty, Srujana - - 2010
Background & objectives: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common form of vaginal infection and an important cause of morbidity in women of reproductive age. This study was carried out to examine the interobserver variation on interpretation of Nugent scoring method in the diagnosis of BV
Thulkar, Jyoti - - 2010
Background & objectives: Women who do not seek treatment for recurrent vaginitis have risk to acquire other sexually transmitted infections. Besides proper antibiotic treatment, male condom acts as a barrier to various infections. Present study was done to assess type of vaginitis, its association with various contraceptive methods and need ...
Salman, Ibrahim - - 2010
Background & objectives: Regulation of renal function and haemodynamics are under a direct control from the renal sympathetic nerves and renal denervation produces overt diuresis and natriuresis in several mammalian species. However, the inter-related series of changes in renal function and haemodynamics following acute renal denervation (ARD) is not fully ...
Kiran, Manjula - - 2010
Background & objectives: XRCC1, a major DNA repair gene, acts as a scaffold of different activities involved in repair by interacting with components of base excision repair (BER) at the site of damage. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with variations in the repair efficiency which might predispose an individual ...
Rajender, Singh - - 2010
Background & objective: Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome), is a genetically heterogeneous disorder that is believed to account for 2-10 per cent of all the colorectal cancer cases. The disease follows autosomal dominant inheritance pattern with high penetrance (85%) and younger age of onset when compared to ...
Thankappan, K.R. - - 2010
Background & objectives: Kerala State is a harbinger of what will happen in future to the rest of India in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD). We assessed: (i) the burden of NCD risk factors; (ii) estimated the relations of behavioural risk factors to socio-demographic correlates, anthropometric risk factors with behavioural risk ...
Mattoo, Surendra - - 2010
Background & objectives: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with major mental illnesses. It is a major predictor of mortality and morbidity. This research was undertaken to study the prevalence and correlates of MS in psychiatric inpatients in a tertiary care hospital in north India.
Pamuru, Pranathi - - 2010
Among the right ventricular conditions, Uhl's anomaly, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia / cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) and right ventricular outflow tract ventricular tachycardia (RVOT VT) are disorders that exhibit pathogenic changes involving the right ventricular (RV) myocardium, and are expected to be severe or milder forms of the same condition. The review ...
Sharma, Suresh - - 2010
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a small (~55 to 65 nm), spherical, enveloped, hepatotropic RNA virus that causes acute and chronic hepatitis in humans. Persistent virus infection with HCV often leads to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). At present there is neither a selective antiviral therapy nor a preventive vaccine. ...
Dandona, Lalit - - 2009
Kumar, R. - - 2009
Background & objectives: Group A streptococcus (GAS) causes a wide array of human diseases. Epidemiological picture of streptococcal infection in India is not complete. Hence, disease burden due to GAS in 5-15 yr old school children in northern India was studied and emm typing of GAS isolates was carried out ...
Oncul, O. - - 2009
Background & objectives: Prevention of infection in burned patients poses a great challenge as infection is the most common cause of mortality after burn injury. An analysis of burned patients, admitted and treated between January 2004 and December 2005 in a nine-bed burn unit in Turkey, was performed prospectively to ...
Bharathi, M. - - 2009
Background & objectives: Infective keratitis is rare in the absence of predisposing factors. The pattern of risk factors predisposing to infective keratitis varies with geographical regions and also influences the type of infection that occurs. The present study was aimed to identify the specific risk factors that predispose the infective ...
Chatterjee, Shiv - - 2009
Background & objectives: Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a major global problem. Colonization rates of MRSA in the community have been reported to range from 0 to 9.2 per cent. The present study was conducted to detect S. aureus nasal colonization and prevalence of MRSA in children ...
Farooq, Umar - - 2009
Background & objective: Merozoite surface protein-1 of Plasmodium vivax (Pvmsp-1) is a strong vaccine candidate against asexual blood stages. Extensive polymorphism in msp-1 gene has been reported in P. vivax isolates from different geographical regions which is necessary before a field trial of any malaria vaccine based on msp-1 is ...
Chandrasekhar, Sudireddy - - 2009
Background & objectives: Human cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by Echinococcus granulosus, is one of the most important and widespread parasitic zoonoses. T helper cell-2 (Th2) dominated immunity in CE is associated with increased susceptibility to the disease, while T helper cell-1 (Th1) cell activation is assumed to induce protective immunity. ...
Sharma, Surendra - - 2009
Background & objectives: Hospitalization for medical-illness is associated with an increased risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). However, there are no published data from India addressing at this issue. We sought to study the risk factor profile and the incidence of DVT among hospitalized medically-ill patients, a tertiary care hospital ...
Behari, Jayanand - - 2009
Background & objectives: Postmenopausal osteoporosis leads to a significant decline in bone mass. That complicates the treatment outcome. The objective of the present study was to find out the effects of pulsed modulated low level electric field capacitively coupled on bone histology of induced osteoporotic rats, for screening the potential ...
Dutta, Samikshan - - 2009
Background & objectives: Screening for Fragile X syndrome (FRAXA), the most common genetic cause for mental retardation (MR), has mostly been carried out among MR patients. The present study was conducted to find out prevalence of FRAXA amongst children residing in the rural areas of West Bengal.
Begum, Nargis - - 2009
Background & objectives: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major public health problem in the developing countries. HEV infection in pregnant women is more common and fatal in the third trimester. The mortality rate due to HEV-induced hepatitis is as high as 15-20 per cent. The present study was designed ...
Mattoo, S.K. - - 2009
Background & objectives: Relapse is a common and distressing aspect of substance dependence mediated by several biological and psychosocial factors. This study examined the association between demographic variables, clinical parameters and certain psychosocial factors and relapse among patients with either alcohol or opioid dependence.
Surendiran, A. - - 2009
Current modalities of diagnosis and treatment of various diseases, especially cancer have major limitations such as poor sensitivity or specificity and drug toxicities respectively. Newer and improved methods of cancer detection based on nanoparticles are being developed. They are used as contrast agents, fluorescent materials, molecular research tools and drugs ...
Chen, Xiaojun - - 2009
Sexuality is a major way of intimacy in human being and it is very important in gender relationship, contributing to over all health. However, since association between sexual activity and sudden death determined by forensic autopsies related to cardiac or cerebral causes has been reported, some people with heart disease ...
Mendis, Kamini - - 2009
Raghunath, M. - - 2009
Epidemiological evidence indicates that poor early growth is associated with increased susceptibility to visceral obesity, insulin resistance and associated diseases in adulthood. Studies in experimental animals have demonstrated a robust association between nutrient imbalance during foetal life and disease prevalence in their later life specially of those involving macronutrient metabolism. ...
Ahmed, Tahmeed - - 2009
Oedematous malnutrition, represented by its most severe form kwashiorkor, is rampant in many parts of the world and is associated with a high case fatality rate. Despite being first described more than a century ago, the pathogenesis of kwashiorkor is still not clear. The traditional thinking is that it results ...
Proos, Lemm - - 2009
More than 6800 children from India have been adopted in Sweden over the last four decades. At arrival many were undernourished and suffered from infectious diseases. Catch-up growth was common. Unexpectedly, cases of early pubertal development were subsequently reported. In order to investigate the growth and development of adopted children ...
Nair, K. - - 2009
Repeated surveys have shown that the magnitude of nutritional anaemia is of public health concern in India. Though reduced intake of iron is a major aetiological factor, low intake or an imbalance in the consumption of other haematopoietic nutrients, their utilization; increased nutrient loss and/or demand also contribute to nutritional ...
Kalaivani, K. - - 2009
Prevalence of anaemia in India is among the highest in the world. Prevalence of anaemia is higher among pregnant women and preschool children. Even among higher income educated segments of population about 50 per cent of children, adolescent girls and pregnant women are anaemic. Inadequate dietary iron, folate intake due ...
Ramji, Siddarth - - 2009
The exclusive breast feeding rates in India at 6 months is about 46 per cent. At 6-8 months only 54 per cent of breast fed and 75 per cent of non breast fed infants are initiated into complimentary feeds. At the start of the second year of life only about ...
Gustafsson, Jan - - 2009
Glucose is the most important foetal energy substrate. At birth the transplacental transfer of substrates is terminated. Before the start of breastfeeding the newborn infant must produce its own glucose particularly for the need of the central nervous system. Neonatal hypoglycaemia commonly occurs in risk groups such as immature and ...
Diderholm, Barbro - - 2009
Glucose is the most important fetal energy substrate. During the third trimester increased maternal glucose production and insulin resistance improves fetal glucose availability. Maternal malnutrition, chronic disease and/or placental dysfunction can disturb glucose delivery, resulting in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and an infant born small for gestational age (SGA). Hypoglycaemia ...
de Silva, - - 2009
Most improvements gained during the past two decades in maternal and child nutrition can be attributed to the successful, countrywide maternal and child health programme of the Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka. Other supporting programmes to combat deficiencies of individual micronutrients have also contributed significantly. As the latest Demographic and ...
Muthayya, Sumithra - - 2009
The prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is higher in Asia than elsewhere, predominantly because of undernutrition of the mother prior to and during pregnancy. There are qualitative differences in dietary requirements
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