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Horta-Santini, Juan - - 2011
Objective: We undertook a retrospective study to evaluate strabismus surgeries done at the University Hospital and at the University Pediatric Hospital of the Puerto Rico Medical Center.
del Pilar Fernandez, - - 2011
Objective: To analyze positive vitreous cultures and their respective antibiotic sensitivities in patients with endophthalmitis in Puerto Rico.
Saavedra, Fanor - - 2011
Objective: To determine the frequency of pediatric brain tumors treated at the University Pediatric Hospital of Puerto Rico over a 6-year period and examine the demographic data and tumor histology of patients in different age groups.
Kuffler, Damien - - 2011
Wounds have always afflicted humanity causing pain, suffering and death, and for thousands of years humans have tested and developed various techniques for their ability to induce wound healing. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) refers to placing a patient or their extremity in a chamber in which the pressure is raised ...
Simmons, Vani - - 2011
Objective: Cancer health disparities are evident among Puerto Rican Hispanics, both for those on the island and in the mainland United States. Less is known about cancer care services available on the island. Through the Ponce School of Medicine and Moffitt Cancer Center partnership, focus groups with health care providers ...
Soltero, Sandra - - 2011
Objective: Obesity is a public health problem in Puerto Rico. Dietary patterns that include high intakes of energy and sweetened drinks and low consumption of fruits, vegetables and fiber are associated with obesity. The aim of this study is to relate dietary patterns with body composition in obese subjects.
Lopez-Cepero, Ronald - - 2011
Objective: The knowledge of medical students in Puerto Rico with regard to the Chlamydia trachomatis infection has not been formally assessed. The purpose of this study was to make such an assessment as it is the members of this group who will eventually educate and inform patients about this and ...
Seda, Jaffet - - 2011
Objective: Approximately 30% of women diagnosed with cervical cancer are in their childbearing years, and 5-8% of pregnant women seeking prenatal care are found to have an abnormal Papanicolaou smear. Prenatal visits are an excellent opportunity for cervical cytology testing and patient education because of close follow-up. The objective of ...
Iturrino, Johanna - - 2011
Objective: Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) with interferon-based therapy has been shown to be less effective in Hispanics when compared to other populations. A pilot clinic was established at the University of Puerto Rico for the treatment of HCV in the government-insured population. The aim of this study was ...
Melendez, Jorge - - 2011
Objective: The prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD, Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)] in Puerto Rico has increased significantly in recent years. Experience with these diseases outside of a referral center is limited. A registry for IBD, created by the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) Center for IBD, ...
Rodriguez-Velez, Rosangela - - 2010
A case to illustrate the utility of genetic screening in warfarin (Coumadin[R]) management is reported. A 45 year-old woman of Puerto Rican ancestry was admitted to the emergency room twice within one month with chest pain. she was diagnosed with congestive heart failure, which was stabilized both times. At her ...
De Jesus, - - 2010
Objective: Short-term benefits of achieving sustained virologic response (SVR) to treatment for hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) have been well established. However long-term data on benefits of achieving SVR has just begun to emerge. The purpose of this study was to determine whether SVR truly represents long- term viral eradication ...
Marrero, Camil - - 2010
Objective: Describe the pre-, intra-, and postoperative experience of colpocleisis in a group of patients at the University Hospital of the Puerto Rico Medical Center.
Bernal, Guillermo - - 2010
Objective: Evidence based-practice (EBP) is now being integrated into many systems of health care. To date, little research has been conducted in Puerto Rico regarding EBP. A brief measure of health provider for Evidence Based Professional Practice-Scale (EBPP-S) was developed to measure attitudes, behaviors and knowledge.
Haddock, Lillian - - 2010
Objective: The participation of Puerto Rico in the Latin American Vertebral Osteoporosis Study (LAVOS) has allowed us to study the magnitude of the problem of osteoporosis in the female population residing in San Juan. The objective of LAVOS was to estimate the prevalence of vertebral fractures in Latin American women ...
Perez, Rafael - - 2010
Objective: Hyperplastic polyps (HP) traditionally have been regarded as having no malignant potential. Some studies have suggested that HP in the distal colon may predict presence of adenomatous polyps in the proximal colon. Other studies have failed to show this relationship. The purpose of this study was to evaluate for ...
Perez-Irizarry, Javier - - 2010
Objective: Cervical cancer was the leading malignancy among women in Puerto Rico when the Central Cancer Registry was first established by law in 1950. The screening program for cervical cancer in PR was initiated in 1961 when cytological laboratories were established in regional hospitals throughout the island, reaching its peak ...
Rivera-Soto, Winna - - 2010
Objective: Childhood obesity is a worldwide epidemic; its prevalence has quadrupled in the US among children from 6-11 y/o. In the US, Hispanic children have a higher prevalence of obesity compared to non-Hispanic whites. No representative data was available for Puerto Rican children from first to sixth grades in Puerto ...
Hernandez, Eliud - - 2010
Objective: Rho family GTPases are molecular switches that control signaling pathways regulating a myriad of cellular functions. Rac1, a Rho family member, plays a critical role in several aspects of tumorigenesis, cancer progression, invasion, and metastasis. Rac proteins are not mutated in most invasive human cancers but are found to ...
Chiesa-Fuxench, Zelma - - 2010
Extracorporeal photopheresis (EcP) was hailed as a new therapeutic concept for the treatment of diseases caused by aberrant T lymphocytes since it was first described more than twenty years ago. advances in molecular biology and immunology have allowed a greater understanding of the mechanisms involved in ECP. As a result, ...
Brau-Javier, Cristina - - 2010
We report the case of a six year-old boy with a history of adrenal cortical carcinoma presenting with cutaneous metastasis. Due to the low incidence of cutaneous metastasis arising from adrenal cortical carcinoma, its diagnosis can be challenging based solely on histological analysis. Yet, the clinical history in combination with ...
Torres-Cintron, Mariela - - 2010
Background: Cancer remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is the second cause of death in Puerto Rico (PR). This article describes the incidence and the mortality from cancer in PR for the period of 1987 to 2004.
De La Torre-Lugo, Eneida - - 2010
Background: The incidence of skin cancer continues to increase worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of skin cancer in Puerto Rico in a selected year (2005) and to compare these findings with those previously reported for Puerto Rico in 1974 and 1981 and with other ...
Rodriguez, Jesus - - 2010
Diagnosing cancer using microarray analysis to study differential gene expression has been a recent focus of intense research Although several very sophisticated analysis tools have been developed with this aim in mind, it still remains a challenge to keep these methods free of parametric adjustments as well as maintain their ...
Gonzalez-Tejera, Gloria - - 2010
Background: The CYP2D6 liver enzyme, which metabolizes 25-30% of common medications, is highly polymorphic. Existing studies of Hispanics have focused on Mexicans and Mexican-Americans. The goal of the study was to identify the CYP2D6 alleles associated with reduced or negligible activities present in the Puerto Rican population.
Esteban, Ernesto - - 2010
Leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and neuroblastoma patients prior to bone marrow transplants may be subject to a clinical radiotherapy procedure called total body irradiation (TBI). To mimic a TBI procedure, we modified the Jones model of bone marrow radiation cell kinetics by adding mutant and cancerous cell compartments. The modified Jones ...
Lozada, David - - 2010
Historically, the treatment for most intracranial pathologies has included medical management, surgery, radiotherapy and recently, stereotactic radiosurgery. Since its introduction, stereotactic radiosurgery has evolved from an investigational concept into a recognized neurosurgical procedure for the management of a wide variety of brain disorders. The goal of this research was to ...
Marin, Heriberto - - 2010
Background: Tobacco use and the involuntary exposition to secondhand smoke (SHS) is one of the leading causes of all cancers in the world. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the smoke-free workplace policy implemented in March of 2007 in Puerto Rico on the exposition to ...
Charneco, Eileen - - 2010
Background: Obesity is an established risk factor for endometrial cancer (EC). This association, however, has not been studied in Puerto Rico, where overweight and obesity have reached epidemic levels (38% and 26%, respectively).
Ortiz, Ana - - 2010
Breast cancer is the most common female malignancy in Puerto Rico. Cases with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) oncoprotein overamplification are associated with aggressive clinical behavior. Given the limited availability of information for Puerto Rico, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and clinical correlates of HER-2 gene overexpression ...
Ramirez-Marrero, Farah - - 2010
Background: The risk of cancer among Hispanics with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the United States and Puerto Rico (PR) has not been well described. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of AIDS related and non-AIDS related cancers among Hispanics with AIDS in PR.
Calo, William - - 2010
Objective: The analysis of cancer scientific production in Puerto Rico is largely unexplored. The objective of this study was to characterize trends in cancer-related research publications by authors affiliated to Puerto Rican institutions in recent decades.
Ortiz-Ortiz, Karen - - 2010
Background: In Puerto Rico (PR), cancer is the second leading cause of death and the disease that causes most premature deaths, representing about 15% of them. Thus, premature death due to cancer decreases the productivity capacity in PR.
Colon-Lopez, Vivian - - 2010
Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is one of the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infections world-wide. Over the last two decades, research has established a strong causal link between specific types of HPV infection and cancer, particularly cervical, anal, vulvar/vaginal, penile, and oropharyngeal cancer. Limited epidemiological studies of anogenital HPV ...
Klostergaard, Jim - - 2010
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is occupying an increasing niche in the clinical diagnostic workup of several cancers, including breast cancers. Despite the high level of implementation of mammography, it has become apparent that MRI can play at least a complementary role in the imaging and diagnosis of primary breast cancers, ...
Cabanillas, Fernando - - 2010
In 1976 an article co-authored by Linus Pauling described that 100 terminal cancer patients treated with intravenous vitamin C, followed by oral maintenance, lived four times longer than a control group of 1,000 patients who did not receive vitamin C. The study was strongly criticized because the control group was ...
Solis-Lopez, Diego - - 2010
Introduction: Incidental adrenal tumors are commonly benign, but reports demonstrate that if the characteristics of the tumor are not clear, on images surgery is the procedure of choice. Our objective through this case is to show that laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe approach for adrenal incidental tumor regardless of radiological ...
Rios, Grissel - - 2010
Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and B cell hyperreactivity. Lacrimal and salivary glands are the most commonly involved causing keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia. A wide variety of other glandular and extraglandular manifestations can occur in SS. Lymphocytic mastitis is a ...
Jimenez, Lincoln - - 2010
Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) is a recently defined brain tumor believed to be a variant of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA), but with a more aggressive course. Most PMAs occur in the optic-chiasmatic/hypothalamic (OCH) region but they have also been described in the posterior fossa, temporal lobe, and in the spinal cord. We ...
de Arellano, Annette B. - - 2010
Feliciano, Caleb - - 2010
Background: traditionally, decisions regarding treatment and outcomes for patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) have made use of the Spetzler-Martin grading scale. the latter has withstood the test of time in clinical practice for AVM patients managed surgically and even when comparing studies involving other modalities of treatment. recent awareness ...
Varas-Diaz, Nelson - - 2010
Social stigma continues to be a barrier for health promotion in our society. One of the most stigmatized health conditions in our time continues to be addiction to illicit drug use. Although it has been widely recognized as a health concern, criminalizing approaches continue to be common in Puerto Rico. ...
Oquendo-Jimenez, Ilia - - 2010
Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia worldwide. In Hispanic populations there are few validated tests for the accurate identification and diagnosis of AD. The Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale is an internationally recognized questionnaire used to stage dementia. This study's objective was to develop a ...
Ramirez-Rivera, Jose - - 2010
Background: the knowledge and implementation skills of the DNR (do not resuscitate) order amongst physicians in training appears to be quite variable.
Creagh, Osmar - - 2010
Etomidate has been used since 1972 as an inductor and in maintaining anesthesia. There are multiple mechanisms that account for the biologic effects of etomidate. One of the most prominent features of this drug is that it provides anesthesia without gross changes in hemodynamic parameters. This feature allows using etomidate ...
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