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Results 401 - 450 of 1636
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Gould, A. - - 2010
Intermediate-care or high-dependency units can provide a level of care that lies between the intensive care unit (ICU) and general ward, but the patients who are most likely to benefit from such level of care remains uncertain. This nested case-control study assessed the incidence and risk factors of high-dependency patients ...
Weinberg, L. - - 2010
With continuously increasing expenditure on health care resources, various cost containment strategies have been suggested in regard to controlling the cost of inhalational anaesthetic agents. We performed a cost identification analysis assessing inhalational anaesthetic agent expenditure at a tertiary level hospital, along with an evaluation of strategies to contain the ...
Cowie, B.S. - - 2010
Ultrasound applications in perioperative medicine have expanded enormously over the past decade. Transoesophageal echocardiography has been performed by anaesthetists during cardiac surgery for over 20 years. With the increasing availability of portable ultrasound systems, the use of ultrasound to assist in vascular cannulation and regional anaesthesia has been well described. ...
Braun, A.R. - - 2010
The legal and ethical requirements related to an anaesthetist's communication with patients in preparing them for anaesthesia, assisting them in making appropriate decisions and obtaining consent in a formal sense are complex. Doing these things well takes time, skill and sensitivity. The primary focus should be to adequately prepare patients ...
- - 2010
Bradley, J.P. - - 2010
Stanbury, P. - - 2010
Open storage with simple access to collection items and books is a well-established form of museum display. It is particularly suited to collections in which many examples of slightly differing artefacts are acquired during the process of research and field work. In the long run, open storage saves curatorial time, ...
Haridas, R.P. - - 2010
The divided airway, a device to aid in blind orotracheal intubation, was patented in 1936 by John Urban Human. However, the inventor did not describe or openly promote his airway and his identity as its inventor was not known to his contemporaries. A biography of John Urban Human and a ...
Fahey, D.G. - - 2010
Based on animal experiments conducted in the sixteenth century by Vesalius, the Royal Humane Society recommended fireside bellows to resuscitate victims of drowning. In the mid-twentieth century, the bellows concept was adapted by Kreiselman and others, though none of these devices gained widespread popularity. However, in 1957 the "Ambu Bag" ...
Ball, C. - - 2010
The Industrial Revolution saw the creation of many new jobs, but probably none more curious than that of zookeeper. The London Zoological Gardens, established for members in 1828, was opened to the general public in 1847. In 1852 the "Head Keeper in the Serpent Room", Edward Horatio Girling, spent a ...
Standen, J. - - 2010
French, R. - - 2010
McHugh, G. - - 2010
Tan, C. - - 2010
- - 2010
Keating, M. - - 2010
Posterior dislocation of the clavicle in the sternoclavicular joint is rare, but can result in severe complications caused by secondary damage to the adjacent structures on relocation. We present a case of a 12-year-old boy who sustained a dislocated clavicle while playing football. Against the initial request to perform immediate ...
Kopterides, P. - - 2010
Clostridium difficile infection is an emerging and often difficult-to-treat iatrogenic complication. Recent data suggest that tigecycline, a novel antibiotic with broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, can be used successfully to treat patients with severe Clostridium difficile infection. We report a 70-year-old man who developed severe Clostridium difficile infection, was admitted to the ...
Robak, O. - - 2010
We report the case of a 55-year-old male European who became septic after he returned from a four-week holiday to Uganda. Soon after, he was diagnosed with severe falciparum malaria and developed multi-organ failure. Due to the worsening condition of the patient, drotrecogin alfa (activated) was started, soon after which ...
Varvat, J. - - 2010
We report on a case of anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis, and review cases and series previously published in the literature. Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis usually occurs in young female patients with no past medical history, in whom an ovarian teratoma is often detected. They subacutely develop predominantly psychiatric symptoms, followed ...
Kim, O.M.O. - - 2010
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is a rare form of muscular dystrophy involving both cardiac and skeletal muscles. Cardiac involvement frequently leads to dilated cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias and may precipitate sudden cardiac death. Skeletal involvement is characterised by early contractures and muscle weakness in the humeroperoneal distribution. We describe the anaesthetic management of ...
Story, D. - - 2010
Some patients with high cervical spinal cord injury are largely or completely dependent on mechanical ventilator support. Diaphragmatic phrenic nerve pacing is a new technique that offers some patients greater independence from mechanical ventilation. In selected patients, electrodes are placed on the abdominal side of the diaphragm via laparoscopy. An ...
Gunusen, I. - - 2010
Preload with crystalloid or colloid solution is widely recommended for the prevention of maternal hypotension during spinal anaesthesia. A combination of simultaneous rapid crystalloid infusion with vasopressor has also been suggested. This study tested the hypothesis that ephedrine infusion with crystalloid loading at spinal anaesthesia would reduce hypotension and alter ...
Gibbs, N.M. - - 2010
Formal and informal fallacies refer to errors in reasoning or logic, which result from invalid arguments. Formal fallacies refer to arguments that have an invalid structure or 'form', while informal fallacies refer to arguments that have incorrect or irrelevant premises. There are many formal and informal fallacies that could theoretically ...
Williams, T.A. - - 2010
Surviving critical illness can be life-changing and presents new healthcare challenges for patients after hospital discharge. This feasibility study aimed to examine healthcare service utilisation for patients discharged from hospital after intensive care unit stay. Following Ethics Committee approval, patients aged 18 years and older were recruited over three months. ...
Makris, N. - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to identify patient, intensive care and ward-based risk factors for early, unplanned readmission to the intensive care unit. A five-year retrospective case-control study at a tertiary referral teaching hospital of 205 cases readmitted within 72 hours of intensive care unit discharge and 205 controls ...
Dong, Y.X. - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of remifentanil on the incidence of emergence agitation in preschool-aged children undergoing adenotonsillectomy with sevoflurane anaesthesia. Sixty children, aged three to seven years, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, were randomised into either group S (sevoflurane ...
Galvin, S.D. - - 2010
Alterations in cerebrovascular reactivity to C[O.sub.2] , an index of cerebrovascular function, have been associated with increased risk of stroke. We hypothesised that cerebrovascular reactivity is impaired with increasing age and in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular reactivity to CO2 was assessed at rest and ...
Williams, T.A. - - 2010
Critical care service is expensive and the demand for such service is increasing in many developed countries. This study aimed to assess the changes in characteristics of critically ill patients and their effect on long-term outcome. This cohort study utilised linked data between the intensive care unit database and state-wide ...
Al-Dorzi, H.M. - - 2010
Growing evidence suggests that glycaemic variability increases diabetic complications. However, the significance of glycaemic variability in critically ill patients remains unclear. We evaluated the predictors of glycaemic fluctuation and its association with critical care outcomes. This is a nested-cohort study within a clinical trial in which 523 patients at a ...
Han, S.S. - - 2010
This study investigated the effect of local anaesthetic temperature on block of the first sacral segment. Twenty-four patients undergoing lumbar epidural anaesthesia at L2-3 or L3-4 were randomly divided in double-blind fashion into two groups to receive 22 ml of lignocaine 2% with adrenaline 1:200,000, sodium bicarbonate and fentanyl, at ...
Rusk, D.M. - - 2010
Two experimental studies were undertaken to determine if blood flow rate changes and/or red blood cell damage occurs during red cell transfusion via a single blood filter. In the first study, 12 experiments were performed in each of which four units of group specific human red blood cells, followed by ...
Koh, D.B.C. - - 2010
Peripheral arterial catheters are used for the continuous monitoring of blood pressure and repeated blood sampling in critically ill patients, but can be a source of catheter-related bloodstream infection. A common assumption is that the more frequently an arterial catheter is accessed, the greater the likelihood of contamination and colonisation ...
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