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Results 401 - 450 of 1399
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Castanelli, D.J. - - 2009
Changes in work practices have led to a decline in the opportunities for anaesthetic trainees to learn technical procedures in supervised practice. Efforts to mitigate medical error and other changes have coincided with the development of alternative training methods so that it is increasingly difficult to justify the traditional model ...
Inoue, S. - - 2009
Landiolol is a recently developed, selective short-acting [beta]1-antagonist. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of landiolol for suppressing haemodynamic changes induced by laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation (LTI) in Japanese patients.
- - 2009
Baker, A.B. - - 2009
Bacon, A.K. - - 2009
McGain, F. - - 2009
Little is known about the amount of anaesthesia waste that is recyclable. We tested the hypotheses: 1) that anaesthetists produce a small proportion (<10%) of total operating suite waste, 2) that much of this waste (>30%) is recyclable and 3) that there is little (<10%) cross-contamination of infectious and non-infectious ...
Chacko, J. - - 2009
We report a 35-year-old man who presented to us with features suggestive of a tension pneumothorax. However, insertion of a chest tube did not result in any signs of improvement. Further investigation demonstrated that he had a ruptured hydatid cyst. He underwent an emergency thoractomy and excision of the cyst. ...
Dullenkopf, A. - - 2009
Evidence about the effectiveness of the N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist ketamine to reduce postoperative acute and long-lasting pain is inconclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of adding an intraoperative, pre-incision single intravenous dose of ketamine to a routine anaesthesia regimen on postoperative analgesic requirements, side-effects and persisting pain ...
Meng, L. - - 2009
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, or stress-induced cardiomyopathy, is a clinical syndrome mimicking acute myocardial infarction. We report a case of a 55-year-old man who developed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy during emergence from general anaesthesia for an elective procedure to remove a spinal cord stimulator. The perioperative state is known to induce stress, but there ...
Jung, C. - - 2009
Treatment with percutaneous extracorporeal mechanical assist devices provides the ultimate therapeutic option to improve the macrocirculation in patients suffering from refractory cardiac arrest, severe cardiogenic shock or during high-risk interventions. However, the flow in the smallest vessels in these critical periods is poorly understood but prognostically of high importance. Using ...
Nanas, S. - - 2009
Sepsis is associated with abnormalities of muscle tissue oxygenation and of microvascular function. We investigated whether the technique of near-infrared spectroscopy can evaluate such abnormalities in critically ill patients and compared near-infrared spectroscopy-derived indices of critically ill patients with those of healthy volunteers.
Khwannimit, B. - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the performance of customised Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) in predicting hospital mortality of mixed critically ill Thai patients in a medical intensive care unit. A prospective cohort ...
Fredrickson, M.J. - - 2009
Needle-nerve stimulation has a false negative motor response rate, which may increase needle passes. This prospective, randomised study tested the hypothesis that femoral nerve catheters placed with ultrasound-only guidance could provide comparable postoperative analgesia to those placed using a conventional nerve stimulation endpoint. Patients presenting for major knee surgery to ...
Sng, B.L. - - 2009
This study investigated the incidence and risk factors associated with chronic pain after elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia in an Asian population. A prospective cohort study was conducted among subjects who underwent elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia, with morphine patient-controlled analgesia administered for 24 hours postoperatively. Perioperative, surgical ...
Liskaser, F. - - 2009
We tested the hypothesis that a cardiopulmonary bypass prime with lactate would be associated with less acidosis than a prime with only chloride anions because of differences in the measured strong-ion-difference. We randomised 20 patients to a 1500 ml bypass prime with either a chloride-only solution (Ringer's Injection; anions: chloride ...
Chan, L.Y.L. - - 2009
Mortality and cost outcomes of elderly intensive care unit (ICU) trauma patients were characterised in a retrospective cohort study from an Australian tertiary ICU. Trauma patients admitted between January 2000 and December 2005 were grouped into three major age categories: aged [greater than or equal to] 65 years admitted into ...
Corcoran, T.B. - - 2009
It is unknown whether biochemical vitamin deficiencies in critical illness are associated with severity of illness, organ dysfunction, inflammation or mortality. This nested cohort study recruited 98 patients admitted as emergencies to the intensive care unit, who had a stay of greater than 48 hours. Patient data were prospectively collected. ...
Tan, H.L. - - 2009
An ideal anaesthetic for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) should have rapid onset and offset with no effect on seizure duration, and provide cardiovascular stability during the procedure. Propofol is commonly used, even though it has been shown to shorten seizure duration which might affect the efficacy of ECT. Etomidate has been ...
O'Brien, B.P. - - 2009
Patients who have overdosed on drugs commonly present to emergency departments, with only the most severe cases requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Such patients typically survive hospitalisation. We studied their longer term functional outcomes and recovery patterns which have not been well described.
Skippen, P.W. - - 2009
Arrhythmias are commonly encountered in the paediatric intensive care unit setting, most frequently in the setting of postoperative congenital heart disease. Postoperative arrhythmias are an important cause of morbidity in children in the postoperative period following cardiac surgery for congenital cardiac lesions. It is important for all paediatric critical care ...
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