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Results 101 - 150 of 2078
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Silbert, M.V. - - 2012
Kruger, Christian - - 2012
Adegoke, Samuel - - 2012
Background. Severe anaemia (haemoglobin concentration <50 g/l) is a major cause of paediatric hospital admissions and deaths in the tropics.
Clouse, Kate - - 2012
Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) offers rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance. However, little is known about routine point-of-care (POC) use in high TB/HIV burden settings. We describe our experiences of launching Xpert as the POC, initial diagnostic for all TB suspects at a primary healthcare clinic in Johannesburg, South ...
Deetlefs, E. - - 2012
Background. Potent immunosuppressive therapy is standard treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) but carries a risk of reactivating latent tuberculosis (TB). No data exist on the burden of TB in South African patients with IBD.
Becker, Juanita - - 2012
Background. Many patients present to an emergency centre (EC) with problems that could be managed at primary healthcare (PHC) level. This has been noted at George Provincial Hospital in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
Gerritsen, Annette - - 2012
Background. The Foundation for Professional Development (FPD) collects information annually on HIV/AIDS service provision and estimates service needs in the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (CTMM).
Moosa, Shabir - - 2012
Background. The introduction of national health insurance (NHI) is an important debate in South Africa, with affordability and institutional capacity being the key issues. NHI costing has been dominated by estimates of exorbitant cost. However, capitation is not only a different payment system but also a different service delivery model, ...
Nyakale, N.E. - - 2012
A 27-year-old neurologically disabled but fully conscious male zolpidem-responder patient was investigated for blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction 5 years after a traumatic brain injury. A baseline single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) technetium-99m-labelled hexamethylpropylene amine oxime ([.sup.99m] TcHMPAO) brain scan was performed and the patient was administered 10 mg zolpidem daily. ...
Jansen, Rita-Marie - - 2012
In the South African health care system patients/consumers are divided into those who can afford private care and those who rely on state medical assistance. The system is under pressure to fund delivery of medical care to its beneficiaries. We consider the effects of different funding models on medicolegal liability ...
Schoon, M.G. - - 2012
South Africa is struggling to improve maternal and perinatal outcomes, resulting in failure to achieve the Millennium Goal for maternal health. Staff attitudes and skills have been identified as a factor affecting deaths and adverse outcomes in mothers. Huge training efforts are required from health departments to ensure that staff ...
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Mankazana, E.M. - - 2012
Caldwell, Robert - - 2012
- - 2012
Jones, Martin - - 2012
Background. In 2011 an experienced HIV nurse from the UK was deployed for 3 months to act as a mentor to nurses learning to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) in primary care clinics in a small town in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Mudzi, W. - - 2012
Introduction. Stroke is among the top 4 causes of death in South Africa and the top 10 leading causes of disability worldwide. There is a dearth of literature on stroke incidence, prevalence and outcome in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to establish the case fatality of stroke patients over a 12-month ...
le Roux, David - - 2012
Introduction. Between 2009 and 2010, South Africa experienced a major measles outbreak, with more than 18 000 confirmed cases reported to the National Institute of Communicable Diseases.
Kabir, Firdousi - - 2012
Objective. After previously reporting the presence of disease by cytology findings after treatment for cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) in 64.6% of HIV-infected women and in 13.0% of HIV-negative women, we aimed to determine the severity of cytological disease after treatment in HIV-infected women.
Bhuiyan, M.M.Z.U. - - 2012
Background. Doctors' strikes have a negative effect on hospital performance indicators. Hospital mortality during such strikes is the most important indicator.
Wonkam, Ambroise - - 2012
Background. South Africa has a low incidence of sickle cell disease (SCD). However, its demographics are changing because of immigration from sub-Saharan African countries where SCD is prevalent.
Chokotho, L.C. - - 2012
Background. Current driver mortality estimates do not consider the great differences in exposure across the population, giving a false impression that driver deaths are lowest in the youngest age group. Interventions to reduce risk among the younger age group include graduated driver licensing (GDL)--a three-phase licensing system for novice drivers ...
McCallum, Ian - - 2012
Britz, Retha - - 2012
Most differences, shortcomings and contradictions regarding voluntary informed consent for participation in clinical research relate to the South African-specific guidance documents, i.e. South African Guidelines for Good Practice in the Conduct of Clinical Trials with Human Participants in South Africa (2006) and Ethics in Health Research: Principles, Structures and Processes ...
Bertram, Melanie - - 2012
Background. Average salt intake in South African (SA) adults, 8.1 g/day, is higher than the 4-6 g/day recommended by the World Health Organization. Much salt consumption arises from non-discretionary intake (the highest proportion from bread, with contributions from margarine, soup mixes and gravies). This contributes to an increasing burden of ...
Swingler, George - - 2012
Compared with other middle-income countries, child health in South Africa is in a poor state, and should be addressed by focusing on the healthcare needs of all children across a system or region. Paediatricians have had little effect on this situation, partly because their training is not aligned with South ...
Pepper, Michael - - 2012
Human tissue legislation is complex. An exhaustive understanding of the law, thorough understanding of human tissue biology and pathophysiology and an appreciation of the diversity of the areas covered in this field, is critical. The importance of interdisciplinary co-operation in the drafting, interpretation and implementation of legislation in this area ...
McQuoid-Mason, David - - 2012
Where provisions that were in the Human Tissue Act have been left out of the National Health Act they have been included in its regulations. However, new provisions in the latter Act provide strict controls for the transplantation of organs into non-South African citizens or non-permanent residents, and outlaw the ...
Catsicas, Maria - - 2012
The effect of the vast variety of nutrients on metabolic outcome and health is complex. A large number of factors play a role in the type and quantity of food consumed in free-living conditions. It is therefore obvious that prescribing a restrictive diet regimen that favours 1 or 2 nutrients ...
Benatar, Solomon - - 2012
Grobbelaar, Retha - - 2012
de V. van Niekerk, - - 2012
Goldstein, Lara - - 2012
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