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Singley, Kyle - - 2012
This study was an extension of the classic Fenz and Epstein (1967) parachuting field study and examined differences in heart rate, anxiety, and hardiness between experienced and novice skydivers. Twenty-two skydivers (11 experienced, 11 novice) completed the Dispositional Resilience Scale (Bartone, Ursano, Wright, & Ingraham, 1989; hardiness (control, commitment, challenge))and ...
Rhind, D.J.A. - - 2012
The present study explored whether there are fundamental differences in how athletes from team and individual sports view the quality of the relationship with their coach. A total of 699 athletes from team (N = 199) and individual (N = 500) sports completed the direct (Jowett & Ntoumanis, 2004) and ...
Lumpkin, Kelly - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine evidence of work addiction among college coaches. Participants included 16 NCAA Division 1 sports coaches (M age = 38.9, SD = 6.9) located in the U.S.A. Structured personal interviews addressed the coaches 'work habits and thinking patterns. Using inductive content analysis, seven ...
Eisenbarth, Chris - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an athlete's tendency to define success in a particular way (i. e., achievement goal orientation) related to his or her tendency to perceive competition as threatening (i. e., competitive trait anxiety). It was hypothesized that athletes endorsing primarily an ego orientation ...
Drees, Mandi - - 2012
Mental toughness is critical for achieving athletic success (Loehr, 1994) and appears to be developed through experience (Jones, Hanton, & Connaughton, 2007). The purpose of this study was to examine whether the mental toughness abilities of high school wrestlers change over a competitive season and to empirically examine potential relationships ...
Devonport, Tracey - - 2012
The present study explored the effects of unexpected loss of water supply on coping strategies used among a sample of habitual exercisers. Nine volunteer participants completed semi--structured interviews within a week of resumed water supply. Results indicated that all participants reported modifying their exercise regimen during the period of water ...
Philippen, Philipp - - 2012
Numerous studies demonstrated that deliberate control of facial expressions can influence the self-rating of affective states. The self-regulation of affect is an important part of skilled sport performances. However, no study tested the effects of facial expressions under conditions of physical activity. The aim of the present study was to ...
Neels, Darren - - 2012
A small number of researchers interested in the ecology of physical activity settings has made a significant contribution to the literature by examining how the participation styles of children, youth, and adults can differ during the same program. The purpose of this study was to describe the participation styles of ...
Jeffery, Karin - - 2012
Participants in cause-based endurance-training programs raise funds for a charitable cause and, are coached to complete a marathon or other endurance event (Havenar & Lochbaum, 2007). However, despite the growing popularity of these programs (Nettleton & Hardey, 2006), little research exists on the relationship between the charitable cause and the ...
Dane-Staples, Emily - - 2012
Most mascots are identified as male. Since the passage of Title IX, female athletes and some female mascots have entered sport. It is unclear what impact this addition of a mascot choice has had on children at sporting events. This exploratory study examined interactions between children of each gender and ...
Bryan, Charity - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate student motivation in physical education classes by examining relationships among perceptions of the motivational climate, attitudes, levels of self-determination, and engagement in physical activity. Participants were 114 sixth, seventh, and eighth graders. Surveys were used to assess self-reported physical activity levels, attitude, ...
Anshel, Mark - - 2012
Recent empirical studies have questioned the use of tests assessing physical ability and skill level in talent detection (TD), also called talent identification (TID), and in early phases of sport development, particularly in terms of predicting future ability/success of young prospects. The main purpose of this article is to question ...
Ware, Angela - - 2012
This investigation examined differences in male and female sports fan behavior The sports fan's ability and tendency to bask in the team's reflected glory (BIRG) and/or cut off reflected failure (CORF) are well documented, but studies that examine sex differences in BIRGing and CORFing are few. Participants were 273 college ...
Li, Weidong - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore the voices of overweight or obese adolescents' parents on the role of physical education and issues and concerns regarding physical education. Forty-four parents of overweight or obese adolescents were interviewed. A hierarchical tree was developed resulting in two higher order themes and ...
Hoar, Sharleen - - 2012
The purpose of this exploratory study was to describe older master athletes' coping with pre-competitive stress at a Senior Winter Games. Two hundred and thirty-four participants between the ages of 55 and 89 years completed a survey asking open- and closed-ended questions about stressor demands, appraised stress intensity, coping responses, ...
Hetland, Audun - - 2012
The quality and intensity of emotional experiences are important motivators for extreme sport, but surprising little is known scientifically about the feelings of leisure activities that involve high risks. In the current study the emotions of 13 BASE-jumpers and 18 skydivers were measured during and immediately after a jump, and ...
Harrist, Christopher - - 2012
Organized sports participation has been associated with positive developmental outcomes; however, not all experiences are positive. Research has indicated that the context of the activity contributes significantly to participation being associated with positive or negative outcomes. An understanding of important contextual elements related to sports participation is important in developing ...
Cameron, James - - 2012
Are correspondences between personality traits and hockey positions a matter of perception rather than reality? This exploratory study assessed self-reported and ascribed characteristics in a sample of 578 male hockey players (163 defensemen, 305 forwards, and 110 goaltenders), who completed a measure of the Big-Five personality domains and then rated ...
Wanzek, Joseph - - 2012
The metaphor of behavioral momentum has been studied extensively by researchers with regard to its application in various research topics. A majority of the research effort has been spent on explaining compliance issues in a clinical setting. This study focused on the possible application of behavioral momentum in sports as ...
Rainey, David - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to investigate the trash talk that sport officials hear by athletes and to examine the officials' responses to that trash talk. Questionnaires were completed by 646 sport officials from eleven sports. They retrospectively estimated the percentage of games in which they heard trash talk, ...
Halbrook, Meghan - - 2012
Motivation and cohesion have both been found to have an effect on persistence and learning (Martens & Webber, 2002), as well as overall performance (Turman, 2003), signifying their imperative nature to any successful team. However, these two factors have yet to be examined in relation to one another when exploring ...
Hammermeister, Jon - - 2012
Psychological resilience appears to provide a degree of inoculation against some of the most difficult mental health issues currently plaguing the U.S. military. However, the mechanisms which fuel resilience are relatively unexplored This study explored the hypothesis that perceived psychological resilience mediates the relationship between various sport-related psychological skills and ...
Elison, Jeff - - 2012
Relationships among shame-coping, perfectionism, and fear of failure were examinined in a sample of college athletes. Shame and related negative emotions are commonly experienced among athletes after performance failures. According to Nathanson (1992), individuals may maladaptively respond to shame-provoking situations through one of four coping styles. We hypothesized that the ...
Ede, Sarah - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of youth hockey athletes' perceptions and satisfaction of their parent's level of involvement. Participants included 58 youth hockey athletes that participated in boy's bantam level (ages 13-15) ice hockey and received parental consent to participate in the study. The athletes' ...
Spinda, John - - 2011
Over the past three decades, researchers have employed the Basking in Reflected Glory (BIRG) / Cutting off Reflected Failure (CORF) phenomenon to help illustrate the impression management processes of sport fans. However, a comprehensive empirical measure of the larger BIRGing and CORFing constructs has not been explored. This study highlights ...
Reding, Frank - - 2011
Although sport fandom is often stereotypically associated with negative behaviors such as poor interpersonal skills and aggressiveness, theorists have suggested that, because sport fandom provides such a social and fun atmosphere, fandom may actually be related to psychological health. To receive the greatest benefits of team identification, one must identify ...
Jones, Amy - - 2011
Guided by gender schema theory, the researchers explored gender stereotypes of female athletes through a 2x2 experimental design. Participants, 267 undergraduate students from a large southern university, read one of four versions of an online news article (a short news story with a photo) in which female athlete appearance (masculine/feminine) ...
Ha, Jae-Pil - - 2011
In spite of a plethora of studies on burnout in various professions in human service professions, there are still limited numbers of studies on burnout among South Korean physical education (PE) teachers. The purposes of the current study were to (a) examine the relationships between three components of burnout and ...
Deaner, Robert - - 2011
Recent research demonstrated that more males than females run proportionally close to gender-specific world-class standards, which may serve as an estimate of gender differences in competitiveness and training commitment. The current study is a reexamination of three datasets, totaling 844 male and female marathoners, and focuses on testing the associations ...
Bixby, Walter - - 2011
This investigation examined the two-dimensional nature of the State Anxiety Inventory (SAI) in an exercise setting. SAI measures were obtained from 32 participants (20 female) before, during, and following 30 min of continuous exercise at low- (75% ventilatory threshold) and high-intensities (ventilatory threshold) to determine the respective temporal courses of ...
Sturm, Jennifer - - 2011
Previous research has investigated the existence of athlete identity among student-athletes (Killeya-Jones, 2005; Marx, Huffman, & Doyle, 2008; Miller & Kerr, 2002). However, research has not documented whether athlete identities are stronger at institutions that place greater emphasis on athletics than those at institutions that emphasize education. Nor has research ...
Modrono, Cristian - - 2011
Sport psychology researchers have devoted minimal attention to competitive windsurfers although this group of athletes represents an ideal population for the study of psychological topics and issues. The purpose of the present investigation was to study anxiety and self-confidence characteristics of windsurfers competing at high levels of competition with particular ...
Lanter, Jason - - 2011
The purpose of this investigation was to examine spectators' identification with a university team and personal involvement in celebratory violence. Seventy-four individuals, who reported participating in a post-game celebration, completed the Sport Spectator Identification Scale (SSIS) (Wann & Branscombe, 1993) to determine their level of identification with the team. Greater ...
Downs, Andrew - - 2011
For many individuals the college years are a time of high-risk when they experience the onset of mental or physical health problems. Maintaining adequate levels of vigorous physical activity (VPA) may help to protect against such problems in college and beyond. However, post high school decreases in both organized sports ...
Brunette, Michelle - - 2011
International students choosing, Canadian universities must negotiate their own cultural values as they adapt, or acculturate, to the new cultural environment. Physical activity has many benefits for newcomers; however, its role in acculturation had not been examined. Through a culturally-sensitive protocol, framed in interpretive phenomenology, the researchers examined how physical ...
Wann, Daniel - - 2011
According to the Team Identification--Social Psychological Health Model (Wann, 2006a), sport team identification will be positively related with social well-being when the identification leads to social connections. The current investigation examined temporary social connections, which occur when a displaced fan (i.e., a fan of a nonlocal team) temporary finds his/herself ...
Rainey, David - - 2011
This study tested the ability of Disappointment Theory to predict the disappointment of football fans. It was hypothesized that fan expectation for team performance, fan investment in the team, and fan identification with the team would predict fans' end-of-season disappointment. Team identification and expectations for performance were measured for 40 ...
Li, Weidong - - 2011
The present study examined whether perceived sport competence mediates or moderates the effects of ego goal orientations on intentions to exercise among urban adolescents. Participants were 248 middle school students who completed relevant questionnaires. The regression analyses indicated that perceived sport competence completely mediated the effect of ego goal orientations ...
Jeffery-Tosoni, Sarah - - 2011
The present study examined perceptions of satisfaction and cohesion as they pertain to starting (i. e., those who begin the competition on the playing surface and typically receive regular playing time) and non-starting (i.e., those who typically do not begin competition on the playing surface and receive limited to no ...
Barkley, Jacob - - 2011
The problem: Altering the variety of options presented to an individual can influence consummatory behavior. A greater variety of food choices increases food consumption of children and adults, and a greater variety of purchasing options increases consumer purchasing by adults. Despite the documented pro-behavioral effects of variety and recommendations by ...
Armentrout, Suzannah - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of organizational barriers and personal reasons that may lead youth hockey athletes to discontinue participation. Parents (N = 237) whose child discontinued participation in hockey were surveyed using demographic and open-ended questions to: 1) determine their perceptions of the organizational ...
Stuntz, Cheryl - - 2011
Relationships with peers and coaches are important predictors of motivational variables in sport settings for both male and female athletes. However, participating on same-sex (SS) and mixed-sex (MS) teams may influence the specific types of interactions athletes experience with coaches and peers during their sport participation and consequently relate to ...
Lewis, Michael - - 2011
This study tested the self-determination theory in relation to exercise participation with the aim of identifying whether degree of autonomy mediates the relationship between personality traits and exercise participation. One hundred gym attendees completed a questionnaire assessing Big Five personality traits, Behavioural Regulation scales, and frequency of exercise participation. As ...
Howell, Jennifer - - 2011
Although many sports fans believe that expletive use is a typical part of coaching, there is a dearth of research on the perceptions of such behavior. As such, the present study was designed to test the hypothesis that expletive use by coaches is more accepted when it is directed at ...
Galli, Nick - - 2011
Recent research has demonstrated that male athletes are facing increased pressure to meet a body ideal for their sport (Galli & Reel, 2009). In this exploratory study the authors developed a preliminary measure designed to examine weight pressures that are specific to male athletes. Using 203 Division I male athletes ...
Dunn, John - - 2011
Although recent empirical evidence has been obtained to suggest that perfectionism in sport can be conceptualized and measured as a domain-specific construct, no published research has directly compared the predictive power of domain-specific vs. global (i.e., context-free) measures of perfectionism in competitive sport settings. The current study compared the ability ...
Brevers, Damien - - 2011
This study examined the effects of personality and situational differences on superstition behaviours in sports at three non-professional competition levels. The participants were 219 athletes (169 males, 50 females). We measured superstition by the number and kind of superstitious rituals (SRs), degree of superstitious feeling, and ritual commitment (RC). We ...
Rudd, Andy - - 2010
This study sought to investigate college sport spectators' understanding and valuing of sportsmanship. It was hypothesized that one of the reasons sportsmanship policies and initiatives fail to curtail poor sportsmanship is because sport spectators lack a solid understanding and valuing of sportsmanship. A mixed-method design using a combination of interviews ...
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