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Holmes, Robyn - - 2010
The present study explored collegiate student athletes' perceptions of formal and informal team leaders. The sample included 33 participants from 11 different team sports. There were 16 men (five teams) and 17 women (six teams). Focus group interviews were employed primarily with mixed sex groups ranging in size from 5-12 ...
Hayslip, Bert, - - 2010
Individuals' beliefs and expectations about their performance have long been identified as critical to excellence in sport. In this context, in order assess self efficacy specific to golf, we collected data from 220 male participants in the Dupont World Amateur Golf Tournament regarding golf self efficacy, generalized self efficacy, psychomotor ...
Harrison, Lisa - - 2010
The present research examines whether tawdry sexualizations of women basketball players influence perceptions about the athletes' gender role orientation and their athletic ability. Two experiments examined how tawdry media sexualizations of high and low status women athletes influence the perceived gender-role orientation of athletes. In addition, we examined whether gender ...
Bourgeois, Anthony - - 2010
The purpose of this research was to describe psychometric issues relevant to use of the Profile of Mood States (POMS), to provide indices of POMS reliability and validity, and to contrast the reliability characteristics of the POMS and various short-forms of the POMS. A brief description of the short forms ...
Theodorakis, Nicholas - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Role Ambiguity Scale (Beauchamp, Bray, Eys, & Carron, 2002) by comparing three alternative models of role ambiguity: a four-factor model with correlated latent factors developed by Beauchamp et al. (2002), a single-factor model, and the hierarchical model ...
Taylor, Matthew - - 2010
The impact of sports participation on school adjustment, self-esteem, peer and individual substance use (alcohol, marijuana, other drugs) was examined among a sample (n = 1,976) of rural and urban dwelling African American adolescent girls. Additionally, a model of adolescent substance use, based upon the health belief model and social ...
Ramsey, Richard - - 2010
The current study investigated the Emotion element of the PETTLEP model of motor imagery using penalty kicks in soccer. Two six-week PETTLEP-based imagery interventions were compared to a stretching group (control). Both imagery interventions (skill-based and emotion-based) were facilitative and differed only in their emotional content. Thirty-three participants' penalty taking ...
Rainey, David - - 2010
While there has been considerable controversy about trash talk in sport, there have been very few empirical studies of this phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that there are normative rules favoring trash talk among college athletes. Questionnaires were completed by 414 male and female ...
Ogden, David - - 2010
Selector "travelling team" baseball has become prominent among youth sports. Young boys and their parents view select baseball as an avenue to higher levels of competition (high school and college baseball) and often spend considerable amounts of time and money to accommodate such participation. Studies have looked at the processes ...
Bell, Robert - - 2010
Pre-performance routines and specifically putting routines are individualized tasks, which raises the question of whether the temporal consistency correlates with the behavioral consistency of routines (Penick & Shrake, 1992). The purpose of this study was to investigate the duration of pre-putt routines of highly skilled golfers and the accuracy of ...
Sun, Tao - - 2010
This study explores the likelihood that a limited and common set of basic personality traits underlies both sport fans' parasocial relationship with their favorite athletes and the fans' identification with their favorite teams. It tests a hierarchical trait model that looks at the inter-relationships between the Big-Five personality traits, dispositional ...
Partridge, Julie - - 2010
This study examined relationships among team identification, fan dysfunction, general sport fandom, and trait shame coping styles in a sample of college student sport fans (N = 287). A research question was posed regarding which of Nathanson's (1992) maladaptive shame copings styles (Withdrawal, Attack Self, Attack Other, and Avoidance) would ...
Houle, James - - 2010
Developmental theory suggests that late childhood through early adulthood is a critical period for identity development. Previous research has indicated that changes in the sport-related aspect of identity occur through adolescence and the college years. Two retrospective studies were conducted to examine the developmental trajectory of athletic identity. In Study ...
Cox, Richard - - 2010
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the degree to which subjective athletic performance can be predicted from psychological skills after controlling for sex and sport. Participants (N = 610) completed a demographic questionnaire and the Athlete Coping Skills Inventory-28 (ACSI-28). Athlete's perception of his/her own performance and athlete's ...
Thelwell, Richard - - 2010
The present study examined the effects of a soccer-specific psychological skills intervention comprising self-talk, relaxation and imagery, on three performance subcomponents specific to midfield players throughout performance. Using a modified multiple baseline across individuals design, three participants had three performance subcomponents (passing, first touch and tackling) assessed across-first and second ...
Tenga, A.P.C. - - 2010
The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the effect of match location on soccer playing tactics by assessing opponent interaction. The sample included 203 goals and 1688 random team possessions ("controls"). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed significant differences in the odds ratio for goal scoring in the interaction ...
Schroeder, Peter - - 2010
Coaches are under increasing amounts of pressure to succeed and are constantly looking for ways to improve their teams. One tactic for improvement that has received little attention is the development of team culture, or a team's social and psychological environment (Martens, 1987). While it has become a common term ...
Robbins, Jamie - - 2010
Research effectively identifying the philosophies and expectations of collegiate basketball coaches is limited. Even less is known about the philosophies and expectations of collegiate wheelchair basketball coaches. The purposes of the study were to identify how coaches for wheelchair basketball viewed their athletes and uncover the general philosophies and expectations ...
Pyun, Do - - 2010
This study examined youth student-athletes' perceptions toward their coaches' behaviors in Singapore, upon the conceptual framework of the Multidimensional Model of Leadership (Chelladurai, 1978). The specific focus of enquiry was to compare differences in perceived leadership in terms of an individual characteristic (i.e., gender), a situation characteristic (i.e., task dependence), ...
van Guenthner, - - 2010
This investigation utilized a single-subject, nonexperimental case study design to conduct an initial empirical test of the periodized mental skills training model. Six members of the United States Cross Country Ski Team's National Developmental Group participated in a season long comprehensive mental skills intervention. This intervention included an 8-week educational ...
Wann, Daniel - - 2009
Beliefs that certain sport teams are or have been cursed are quite common among sport fans. In this investigation, we sought to identify variables that were independently related to beliefs in one such curse, namely, the Boston Red Sox Curse (i. e., the Curse of the Bambino). It was hypothesized ...
Ryska, Todd - - 2009
This study investigated the multivariate relationship between leadership styles, program goals, and burnout reported by 345 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I head sport coaches. Subjects completed the Scale of Athletic Priorities, Style of Leadership Survey, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Coaches who emphasized the pursuit of prestige and ...
Feinberg, Joshua - - 2009
Cheating in sports, specifically through the use of steroids, has become a growing concern. However, little research has been done to explore people's reactions towards such athletes. The present study explored factors that moderate participants' perceptions of and behavior towards an athlete who cheated. Participants (N = 255) rated a ...
Copeland, Barry - - 2009
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive 2-week Mental Skill Training (MST) program designed to enhance stress management and cohesion among young lugers. Participants consisted of 38 adolescent lugers who attended one of three 2-week national training camps designed to teach athletes luge skills ...
Carter, Adam - - 2009
This study explored the development and acquisition of coaching knowledge of University coaches who have surpassed their personal athletic achievements. Six successful Canadian male University team sport coaches participated in semi-structured, open-ended interviews. Results of the analysis revealed commonalities between the coaches in terms of their personal characteristics and current ...
Anshel, Mark - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to reexamine the dimensions of perfectionism in sport as a function of gender among 322 former high school athletes (142 males, 180 females), ranging in age from 18-31 years (M = 22.5 years, SD = 6.32) who attended one of two universities, located 12 ...
Vosloo, Justine - - 2009
Current literature examining perceived motivational climate (PMC) and achievement goal orientations (AGO) have found that these variables may be related to anxiety (Carr & Wyon, 2003) and self-confidence levels (Magyar & Feltz, 2003). Limited research exists on the compatibility/incompatibility of the interactive relationship between PMC and AGO within a sport ...
Reed, Justy - - 2009
African American females (N = 45) were randomly assigned to an exercise and reading control condition. Participants completed the Subjective Exercise Experiences Scale (SEES) before, 5-minutes after cycling and 5-minutes after treadmill walking, and before, at 15 minutes, and 5-minutes after reading. Analyses produced a condition by time interaction characterized ...
Rainey, David - - 2009
This study examined the disappointment experienced by baseball fans following an unexpected loss by their team, which prolonged a long championship drought. Disappointment Theory (Bell, 1985; Loomes & Sugden, 1986) was used to make predictions about the reactions of 245 fans of the Cleveland Indians following their October 2007 loss ...
Jeon, Jung-Hwan - - 2009
Windsurfing, one of the first extreme water sports that emerged in the 1970's, is facing a decreasing number of participants. The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with commitment to the sport of windsurfing. Discovering the reasons that attract and sustain participation in windsurfing may help water ...
Greenwood, P. - - 2009
Sport's place in the development of adolescent morality is an issue that has cycled through the halls of academia for years without clear agreement. Informing a theoretical base with positive youth development and achievement goal theory, the purpose of this research was to expand the debate through examination of the ...
Gao, Zan - - 2009
This study used a prospective design to examine the mediating role of strategy use between students' self-efficacy, perceptions of importance, interest, usefulness, and persistence/effort in a sample of 194 middle school students in physical education. Participants' self-reported self-efficacy, perceptions of importance, interest, usefulness, and strategy use were measured at baseline ...
Andrew, Damon - - 2009
A coach's behavior has the potential to impact several athlete and team outcomes. The Multidimensional Model of Leadership (MAIL; Chelladurai, 1978; 1990) proposes that leader behavior can influence group performance and member satisfaction. More specifically, the MAIL proposes that if athletes perceive their coach is providing the leadership behavior they ...
Omli, Jens - - 2009
Angry adult behavior at youth sport events is documented in scholarly literature (Kidman, McKenzie, & McKenzie, 1999), popular press sport parent books (Murphy, 1999), and the media (Abrams, 2006). Background anger (BA) involves the presence of an angry verbal, nonverbal, or physical interaction between two or more people that does ...
Martin, Matthew - - 2009
This study investigated the player-coach relationship. Specifically, we were interested in the impact that coaches' use of Behavior Alteration Techniques (BATs) and verbal aggression would have on their players' motivation and affect for their coaches. College undergraduates who had competed in a competitive high school sport completed a questionnaire based ...
Hardin, Marie - - 2009
This study seeks to update understanding of how sports in U.S. society are viewed in light of gender norms. A survey of 340 college students found that even youth who have grown up with Title IX still rate most sports as masculine, including the newer action sports even though these ...
Guillot, Aymeric - - 2009
While there is ample evidence that motor imagery (MI) contributes to enhance motor performance, it is still unknown whether mental practice may help to improve game plans or strategies of play in open skills. The present study was thus devised to investigate the effect of Ml on the learning of ...
Graf, Richard - - 2009
In an effort to identify a source of inconsistency in high school basketball officiating, this study tested the hypothesis that female high school basketball officials would be more inclined to assess technical fouls against female players than would any other combination of gender of official and gender of player. Fifty ...
Barkoukis, Vassilis - - 2009
The present study examined the tenets of a trans-contextual model of motivation in Greek high school pupils. The trans-contextual model proposes a motivational sequence in which autonomous motives from physical education and leisure-time contexts mediate the influence of perceived autonomy support in physical education on leisure-time physical activity intentions and ...
Anshel, Mark - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of self-monitoring on selected measures of fitness and exercise adherence over an 8-week supervised program among 65 unfit but healthy university faculty and staff. Participants were 23 men and 42 women, ranging in age from 24 to 61 yrs. (M ...
Wann, Daniel - - 2009
According to the Team Identification--Social Psychological Health Model (Wann, 2006a) sport team identification facilitates social psychological well-being by increasing social connections to others. By identifying with a team, fans gain enduring (i.e., chronic) and/or temporary (i.e., transient) associations with others, connections that can be important in facilitating psychological well-being. The ...
Vargas-Tonsing, Tiffanye - - 2009
This study sought to explore the influence of the pre-game speech on athlete perceptions of self-efficacy and emotions. Participants included 151 competitive soccer players (M age = 14.21 years, SD = 1.85) and their 10 male coaches (M age = 32.78 years, SD = 8.56). Athletes completed a survey before ...
Miller, Kathleen - - 2009
Little attention has been paid to the multidimensional nature of athletic involvement, which includes identity formation as well as participation in sports activities. Five hundred eighty-one sport-involved undergraduate students completed a questionnaire assessing their sport-related identities, goal orientations, primary sport ratings, and conformity to masculine norms. F-tested mean comparisons and ...
Lochbaum, Marc - - 2009
Purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of preference and tolerance for strenuous physical activity as well as self-reported participation in intense (strenuous) exercise, on physical performance as a function of the hierarchical model of achievement motivation framework. Participants were 286 men (n = 155) and women ...
Gan, Qiwei - - 2009
The purposes of this study were to determine sources of acute stress experienced during competitive sport perceived as unpleasant and highly intense, and to examine the extent to which the sources of acute stress differed as a function of skill level and gender among college Chinese athletes. Participants included 391 ...
Bourgeois, Anthony - - 2009
The Sports Inventory for Pain (SIP) was developed to measure how athletes respond to pain resulting from injury or rehabilitative efforts. This research was designed to provide a shorter version of the SIP and confirm factorial and empirical validity of the SIP The SIP together with 18 additional items was ...
Arthur-Banning, Skye - - 2009
This study examines the relationship between adult behaviors and young (third through sixth grade) athlete behaviors in a community recreation basketball league. Previous research has indicated that sport programs can have an impact on increasing positive and decreasing negative sportsmanship if planned appropriately. However, no known study has been conducted ...
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