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Dirrigl, Frank J., - - 2012
We found five species of terrestrial land snails in dried ephemeral pools at Ottine Swamp, Palmetto State Park, Gonzales County, Texas. We recorded four species previously known (Anguispira stronglyodes, Mesomphix friabilis, Olygyra orbiculata, and Rabdotus dealbatus) and added a new occurrence (Mesodon thyroidus) to the list of species in the ...
Ebinger, John - - 2012
Principal-coordinate analysis suggests that Vachellia x cedilloi is of hybrid origin. Probable parents are V. cornigera and V. globulifera. This putative hybrid shows a relationship to V. cornigera with a much smaller, but similar, short spike-like inflorescence with a cone-shaped receptacle and leaves with relatively few pairs of pinnae. In ...
Buchanan, Thomas - - 2012
We collected three juvenile Alabama shad (Alosa alabamae) from the White River of Arkansas in August 2006. This is the first record of the species from the White River drainage. Morphology and size compared well with A. alabamae previously reported from other drainages in the state.
McAllister, Chris - - 2012
Two female ctenophthalmid fleas, Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes, were collected in June 2003 from an eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus from Marion County, Texas. This flea originally was described from S. aquaticus in Michigan; C. pseudagyrtes has been reported from various mammalian hosts collected primarily east of the Mississippi River. This is the ...
Rosemartin, Alyssa - - 2012
We document distribution of breeding least terns (Sternula antillarum) in northern Sonora, Mexico, 2006-2008. We report breeding activity at six sites with active colonies, including three previously undocumented colonies.
Calvert, Allen - - 2012
During 2007-2010, we captured the western red bat (Lasiurus blossevillii) and Arizona myotis (Myotis occultus) in riparian-restoration areas along the lower Colorado River. Previously, the western red bat had not been reported along the lower Colorado River and the Arizona myotis was presumed to be extirpated from that area.
Moody, Eric - - 2012
Arizona is the only state in the lower 48 United States without native crayfish. We report discovery of the red swamp crawfish (Procambarus clarkii) in the San Pedro River, Cochise County, Arizona, and recommend further monitoring of this newly discovered population.
Perez, Gisela - - 2012
Peniocereus greggii variety greggii is a protected species that is collected illegally in Parque Estatal Canon de Fernandez. It is associated with fertility islands formed by mesquites Prosopis glandulosa and P. laevigata. It has a root that is used as food, it can be used to treat kidney problems, and ...
Matthews, William - - 2012
We determined total growth of an individual longnose gar, Lepisosteus osseus, from Lake Texoma, Oklahoma-Texas, from 18 May 2010 when the egg was spawned and fertilized in the reservoir, until 31 October (166 days later), when we recovered it as a juvenile from a small pond where it had been ...
Gonzalez-Jaramillo, Monica - - 2012
We induced three adoptions during the period of biparental care by placing orphaned chicks of magnificent frigatebirds (Fregata magnificens) into nests of foster parents whose chick had died. Indirect parent-offspring recognition seemed to occur during the period of biparental care. A chick was adopted in one of our three trials; ...
O'Leary, John - - 2012
We examined patterns of response of southern riparian forest and southern-willow scrub, both dominated by arroyo willows (Salix lasiolepis), sampled in 1999 prior to fire and in 2008 following an intense wildfire in San Diego County, California. Arroyo willows had vigorous basal and epicormic resprouting in the riparian forest and ...
Luja, Victor - - 2012
The chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was detected in five populations of Pseudacris hypochondriaca curta, an endemic treefrog fully dependent on desert oases in Baja California Sur, Mexico. Prevalence of the fungus varied among oases with values of 8, 31, 42, 60, and 100% for populations sampled. Oases with higher prevalence ...
Larson, Jon - - 2012
We used 24 captive northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) to compare relative preference of seeds of nonnative guineagrass (Urochloa maxima) to three native foods (switchgrass Panicum virgatum, Texas millet Urochloa texana, and plains bristlegrass Setaria leucopila). By mass, switchgrass was consumed more than other species; plains bristlegrass was least preferred. Selections ...
Hernandez-Santin, Lorna - - 2012
We predicted current and potential distribution of cougars (Puma concolor) in Texas and bordering states in Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas) by creating a model of suitable habitats. We used MaxEnt to create our model using radiotelemetric data from southern and western Texas, as well as a suite ...
Christiansen, James - - 2012
Studies of the yellow mud turtle Kinosternon flavescens in the late 1970s and 1980s documented eight clusters of localities in nine counties in Illinois, five in four counties in Iowa, and five in two counties in Missouri. Sampling that began in 1995 verified continued existence of the species at only ...
Gadsden, Hector - - 2012
We studied demography of a population of side-blotched lizards, Uta stansburiana, in the sand dunes of Reserva de Biosfera de Mapimi, Durango, Mexico, during 1989-1994. Reproduction in females occurred during January-July, which coincided with late dry and early wet seasons. Reproductive activity was highest in the middle of the dry ...
Miranda, Rafael - - 2012
The primary objective was to document the diversity of fishes in Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztiuan, Hidalgo, Mexico. Samples were collected from 35 localities using electrofishing, nets, and angling, and from local fishermen. A total of 7,290 specimens was collected, representing 16 species (including 4 introduced and 4 ...
Bogosian, Victor, - - 2012
We surveyed Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, an urban complex largely dominated by industrial and housing facilities but with habitats for herpetofauna and mammals. Using a variety of sampling techniques, we captured or observed >2,000 organisms on 16 study areas. We tallied 11 species of amphibians (all anurans), ...
Webber, P. - - 2012
We compared two populations of the bluehead sucker (Catostomus discobolus) during 2007-2009 in the Weber River, Davis, Summit, and Weber counties, Utah. We estimated 225 and 546 individuals in these populations. Based on recaptured, PIT-tagged fish, annual survival of adults (202-575 mm total length) was high (77%); however, our top ...
Barrows, Cameron - - 2012
During >1 decade, I surveyed arthropods on a desert sand-dune system in the Coachella Valley, Riverside County, California. The most abundant of these arthropods were Coachella Valley giant sand-treader crickets Macrobaenetes valgum (orthoptera: rhapidophoridae), beetles Asbolus laevis and Edrotes ventricosus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), and California harvester ants Pogonomyrmex californicus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). ...
Cove, Michael - - 2012
We surveyed 14 communities of mesopredators in the Ozark Highlands of southern Missouri to examine the effect of landscape and surveying efforts on probability of detection of raccoons (Procyon lotor) and Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana). Virginia opossums had a higher probability of detection than raccoons. Mean size of forested patches ...
Booth, Michael - - 2012
We investigated movement and growth of two common suckers, Catostomus clarki and Catostomus insignis, in three streams that represent the broad environmental tolerances of these species. There was limited evidence of restricted movement in C. clarki, with many individuals moving 600 m and 50-90% of recaptured individuals detected outside the ...
Beckman, Daniel - - 2012
We compared otoliths, opercles, and scales for precision and reliability for estimating age of the river redhorse Moxostoma carinatum in the James River, Missouri. Opercles and otoliths showed the greatest agreement, lowest variability, and most precision in comparisons of ages obtained from counts of annuli of scales. Scales tended to ...
Bradley, Robert - - 2012
DNA sequences from the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene were examined in individuals of the hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus eremicus) collected from an isolated population in southwestern Arizona. Analyses indicated unique DNA substitutions and haplotypes that were restricted to the population in Arizona and an overall genetic affiliation to populations of ...
Holbrook, Joseph - - 2012
We examined 12 hog-nosed skunks (Conepatus leuconotus) from southern Texas and central Tamaulipas, Mexico, during 2004-2009. We amplified the entire mitochondrial-DNA control region (D-loop) from three individuals. Results indicated that these sequences were from distinct maternal lineages with 15 variable sites. However, when reduced and compared to previously published sequences, ...
Briones-Salas, Miguel - - 2012
During a study of rodents at Cerro Pelon, Oaxaca, Mexico, in the northwestern portion of the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca physiographic subprovince, we collected three Chinanteco deermice Habromys chinanteco. This microendemic rodent is rare in terms of habitat and population, and had not been collected in the wild since 1975. ...
Rodriguez-Ruiz, Erick - - 2012
We assessed geographical range of pacas Cuniculus paca in the northern Neotropics based on historical and recent records. We report two new records from Tamaulipas and Hidalgo. These records confirm presence of pacas in this region and support our proposed geographical range along lower elevations of eastern slopes of the ...
McAllister, Chris - - 2012
We document new geographic records in Arkansas based on the collection of 179 individual riverine fishes, representing four taxa within three families. We include new records and extensions of known geographic ranges for rarely collected species, including the shoal chub (Macrhybopsis hyostoma) and silverband shiner (Notropis shumardi) in the lower ...
Stoker, Philip - - 2012
During 2007-2008, we counted fecal deposits (n = 266) of coyotes (Canis latrans) and lagomorphs in Joshua Tree National Park, San Bernardino and Riverside counties, California, as a measure of relative abundance along 473 (115,336 [m.sup.2]) transects in three habitats differing in degree of activity by humans. We recorded abundance ...
Contreras-Balderas, Armando - - 2012
We document breeding behavior of the endangered black-capped vireo (Vireo atricapilla) in urban areas of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. More surveys are needed to locate breeding populations in submontane scrublands near urban areas.
Pigage, Helen - - 2012
We collected 327 Peromyscus truei (pinyon deermice), 211 P. maniculatus (North American deermice), and 38 P. leucopus (white-footed deermice) on Fort Carson Military Reservation, Pueblo County, Colorado, during May-June 2007. The deermice hosted 408 fleas including 238 Aetheca wagneri, 169 Orchopeas leucopus, and 1 Meringis parkeri. Both A. wagneri and ...
Munroe, Karen - - 2012
Sperm competition, where sperm from more than one male competes to fertilize eggs within the reproductive tract of a female, is prevalent in mammals. In rodents, this competition often has led to copulatory plugs, a passive defense against further sperm competition. Copulatory plugs have been reported in many species of ...
Acre, Matthew - - 2012
The marbled whiptail (Aspidoscelis marmorata) is a common lizard within the Chihuahuan Desert of the United States-Mexico borderlands. We report a patternless female from the Mescalero-Monahans Shinnery Sands Ecosystem in southeastern New Mexico. One previous record of this pattern has been noted in the literature and this unique morphology has ...
Harris, Arthur - - 2012
Three caves in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Culberson County, Texas, are closely grouped spatially, and their fossil-bearing sediments are about the same late Pleistocene age. Publications concerning two of the caves, Upper Sloth Cave and Lower Sloth Cave, list and discuss their fossil faunas. Here, we add identifications of mammals ...
Ramirez, Eric - - 2012
We captured and placed radiotransmitters on 27, 37, and 51 female Rio Grande turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) on the Encino, Norias, and Laureles divisions of King Ranch, respectively, in Brooks, Kenedy, and Kleberg counties, Texas. Mean annual sizes of home ranges were 838-5,867 ha, which were larger than most individual ...
Ramos-Lara, Nicolas - - 2012
Communal nesting has been observed frequently in arboreal squirrels of the genus Sciurus and Glaucomys, but only occasionally in Tamiasciurus. During 2006 and 2007, we trapped and radiocollared 38 adult Mearns's squirrels (Tamiasciurus mearnsi) in Baja California, Mexico, to examine their nesting behavior. We report for the first time instances ...
Rubenstahl, Trevor - - 2012
We investigated indirect effects of wind turbines on nesting success of scissor- tailed flycatchers (Tyrannus forficatus). We tracked the fate of 32 nests at Wolf Ridge Wind, LLC, Cooke County, Texas, during the breeding season in 2009. Overall rates of predation on nests were high, reproductive success was low, daily ...
Terry, Martin - - 2012
We used data on alleles of seven polymorphic microsatellite loci in 142 individuals of the star cactus Astrophytum asterias from five subpopulations to estimate genetic parameters. Four of the subpopulations had high levels of heterozygosity and allelic diversity compatible with efficient outcrossing, and low FSTAT that suggested high rates of ...
Farias, Veronica - - 2012
To identify activity patterns and distribution of gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) in chaparral and sage-scrub habitat in southern California, we used radiotelemetry to monitor 18 foxes during May 1997-April 1999. For comparison, we used simultaneously collected telemetry data on sympatric coyotes (Canis latrans) and bobcats (Lynx rufus). Gray foxes mainly ...
Resnik, Jessica - - 2012
We monitored movements of 27 radiocollared females of the San Clemente Island fox (Urocyon littoralis clementae) during 2007 to determine the proportion that produced litters, number of offspring in weaned litters, chronology of reproduction, and characteristics of denning sites. Of 23 females, three or four produced a total of six ...
Hall, Lucas - - 2012
This study addressed the effects that cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) had on populations of the North American deermouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) at Antelope Island State Park, Davis County, Utah. Linear regression revealed a significant negative relationship between cover of cheatgrass and relative abundance of North American deermice. These results concur with conclusions ...
Biagas, Tiffany - - 2012
During 10-weeks, visual-encounter surveys were conducted on the Georgetown salamander Eurycea naufragia at a spring pool in Williamson County, Texas. There was no significant difference in number of salamanders observed or percentage of objects used as cover between surveys in mornings and afternoons. Number of salamanders detected and percentage of ...
Woolrich-Pina, Guillermo - - 2012
We studied sexual dimorphism, reproduction, thermal ecology, and diet of Xenosaurus rectocollaris in Tehuacan Valley, Puebla, Mexico. Females were significantly larger than males, but there was no significant sexual dimorphism in size of head or length of femur. Mean size of litter was 2.6 [+ or -] 0.3 (range, 1-4) ...
Pleasant, Greg - - 2012
We report packed-cell volume and values of aspartate aminotransferase, calcium, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, total protein, triglycerides, and uric acid in plasma of 154 scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) captured during February-April 1999 and 2000 in Cochran County, Texas. Values for packed-cell volume, calcium, total protein, and uric acid were in ...
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