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Belayachi, Jihane - - 2012
Introduction. There has been a notable increase in the incidence of elderly patients being admitted to intensive care units (ICUs), globally and in Morocco. Studies on the diagnosis and management of ICU patients often exclude subjects with multiple co-morbidities or those older than 80 years. However, as the world's population ...
Singh, Ratender - - 2012
Background and aims. Approximately 20% of acute pancreatitis progresses to a severe form characterised by multiple extrapancreatic organ dysfunction. Elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), a frequent finding in these patients, further adds to the mortality. Currently used prognostication indices have their own set of limitations. We evaluated IAP at intensive care ...
Jordan, Portia - - 2012
Background. The monitoring of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff pressure in intubated patients is important in preventing complications related to cuff over- and under-inflation.
Sviri, Sigal - - 2012
Objectives. Automated, microprocessor-controlled, closed-loop mechanical ventilation has been used in our Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) at the Hadassah Hebrew-University Medical Center for the past 15 years; for 10 years it has been the primary (preferred) ventilator modality.
- - 2012
Gillespie, Rencia - - 2011
Snyders, Olivia - - 2011
Purpose. The aim of this review was to evaluate the evidence on the effectiveness of oral chlorhexidine in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill adult mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care units (ICUs).
Perrie, Helen - - 2011
Background. Recent research has highlighted the importance of oral care in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Although oral care is a fundamental aspect of nursing care, it is often given lower priority than other nursing interventions in intensive care units (ICUs).
Hill, L.T. - - 2011
Introduction. Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is a frequent occurrence in critically ill patients. Raised intra-abdominal pressure negatively affects gastro-intestinal (GI) function and may reduce the success of enteral nutrition support, which in turn is associated with adverse clinical outcomes.
Fouche, Nicki - - 2010
Hatchett, Cindy - - 2010
Purpose. The purpose of this research was to determine the extent to which anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms and post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms were experienced by a sample of patients after discharge from intensive care units (ICUs). The participants had a mean stay of 3 days in ICUs in a level ...
Brysiewicz, P. - - 2010
Background. Critically injured trauma patients are often admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU), which can be a very unfamiliar and intimidating environment for their families. Health organisations have a responsibility to foster an environment that protects the physical and emotional health of the severely stressed family members who assemble ...
van Aswegen, - - 2010
Objectives. To establish whether survivors of penetrating trunk trauma recover adequately and spontaneously following critical illness.
Tintinger, Gregory - - 2010
Objectives. The study was designed to evaluate the role of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (s-TREM-1) measured in samples of endotracheal aspirates from critically ill, intubated patients as a marker of inflammation or pneumonia.
Kindness, K. - - 2010
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major health care problem in intensive care units.
Gillespie, R. - - 2009
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), defined as pneumonia occurring >48 - 72 hours after endotracheal intubation, is the most common and fatal nosocomial infection of intensive care. Risk factors include both impaired host immunity and the introduction of an endotracheal tube, which contributes to the development of VAP in the critically ill ...
Kisorio, Leah - - 2009
Purpose. To introduce the simplified Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (TISS-28) and to employ the original Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (TISS-76) and Simplified Acute Physiological Score (SAPS) version II in critically ill adult patients in order to describe the validity and reliability of TISS-28 as a suitable measure of quantifying nursing ...
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Manie, Shamila - - 2008
Study aim. To describe the profile and selected outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients admitted to both private and public hospitals in the Cape metropolitan area.
Carter, C.A. - - 2008
Introduction. The lack of critical care resources in South Africa can result in critically ill patients being nursed in the wards. Ward staff often lack the knowledge and skills to care for these patients adequately. Studies done internationally have revealed that ward patients often receive sub-optimal care before admission to ...
Fouche, Nicola - - 2008
Hardcastle, Timothy - - 2008
Introduction. Recent literature questions the suitability of etomidate as a rapid-sequence intubation (RSI) drug, owing to induced relative adrenal insufficiency (AI) and possible increased mortality.
Dunn, Robert - - 2008
Pressure sores are a predictable consequence of poorly managed spinal cord-injured patients. Not only do pressure sores contribute to the morbidity, but also add significantly to the medical/nursing management, cost and admission stay, limiting optimal bed utilisation. This intervention study assesses the impact of active intervention in terms of pressure-relief ...
Gillespie, Rencia - - 2008
Intravascular (IV) access in the care of the critically ill patient is an intervention that is both life-saving and life-threatening under certain circumstances. Critically ill patients frequently require the administration of intravenous fluids, blood products, medication, nutritional replacement therapy as well as monitoring of the intravascular volume.
Scribante, Juan - - 2008
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