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Tsaur, Sheng-Hshiung - - 2012
This article extends the person-environment fit concept from institutional to recreational settings. Specifically, we conceptualized and developed the recreationist-environment (R-E) Fit Scale (REFS). Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were employed. Based on Attention Restoration Theory and Affordance Theory, the R-E fit is conceptualized as the compatibility between recreationists and recreation ...
Aguila, Cornelio - - 2012
The aim of this research was to establish whether there are class differences in the leisure patterns of university students in Southern Spain. Social class was operationalized using three indices that combined cultural and economic factors: family sociocultural status (FSCS), family economic level (FEL), and family socioeconomic status (FSES). The ...
Oh, Chi-Ok - - 2012
The theory of recreation specialization indicates that as recreationists become more specialized into a recreation activity, they become more dependent on particular resources along a continuum of specialization. Previous empirical studies examining bivariate relationships have not provided a comprehensive understanding of the predictive linkages between recreation specialization and place attachment. ...
Smith, Charlynne - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to examine the perceptions of women in the field of parks and recreation regarding their careers and expectations for the future. A narrative analysis was applied to open-ended responses to a national survey about the career development of professional women who were members of ...
Gibson, Heather - - 2012
ountering the trend that sport participation decreases with age, there are a number of physically active mid and later life adults who take part in sports events. This study investigated involvement in cycling and benefits sought by participants of an organized bicycle tour. Life cycle and gender analyses were used ...
Ahlstrom, Michelle - - 2012
A variety of online support groups exist for "gaming widows" who feel their spousal relationship has been displaced by time spent playing Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game(s) (MMORPGs). MMORPG research has been presented on youth and adults, however to date, there is no research on married gamers to support or ...
Izquierdo, Carmen - - 2011
Museums promote cultural activities related to their main activity in order to bring them closer to their public. The objective of this paper is to analyze how the characteristics of such activities and service quality affect the emotions experienced by participants and the intent to strengthen their relationship. The study ...
Kim, Junhyoung - - 2011
This study investigated how different levels of serious leisure qualities are associated with life satisfaction and perceived health. Cluster analysis was used to identify patterns of serious leisure qualities (e.g., perseverance, significant effort, career development, identification, and unique ethos) in a sample of Taekwondo participants (N = 168). The Serious ...
Mackenzie, Susan - - 2011
This study integrated flow theory and reversal theory perspectives to investigate a potential range of flow states amongst adventure participants in a sequence of two studies. Study one was conducted with expert (n = 6) adventure participants via retrospective interviews, while study two collected prospective data from novice whitewater riversurfers ...
Filo, Kevin - - 2011
This paper examines the role of recreation motives and motives for charitable giving in the development of participants' attachment to a charity sport event across two different events. Online questionnaires were administered within a pilot study, and then given to participants in the 2007 Lance Armstrong Foundation (LAF) LIVESTRONG Challenge ...
Walker, Gordon - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the institutional concentration of North American leisure research has increased, decreased, or remained the same over the past two decades. To address this question, we compared data from 2000 to 2008, composed of 1,884 published articles and abstracts, 4,293 authorships, 1,461 ...
Edwards, Michael - - 2011
Rurality maintains a significant position in the United States' culture and economic system. A key aspect to enhancing rural areas is appropriate research to inform policy and practice. The purpose of this paper was to systematically review leisure and recreation research and summarize how academics in this field conceptualize rural ...
Tirone, Susan - - 2011
This paper focuses on biculturalism, leisure, and it explores diversity within the leisure experiences of second-generation Canadians whose parents emigrated from South Asia. The participants' lives and leisure were shaped by their biculturalism--the way in which they identified as south Asian and Canadian, embracing and retaining aspects of their traditional ...
Tarrant, Michael - - 2011
We examined whether participation (n = 623 students) in educational travel programs influenced support for environmental policies across different citizen types (justice-oriented, participatory, personally responsible, and non-citizen). Findings showed that (1) participation increased support for environmental policies across all groups, (2) justice-oriented citizens reported the highest support, while non-citizens demonstrated ...
Derom, Inge - - 2011
The dichotomy of serious leisure (SL) and casual leisure (CL) has significant limitations, leaving some leisure experiences unexplained. The SL-CL continuum proposed by Shen and Yarnal (2010) aims at filling this gap by providing a description based on behavioral commitment. We present evidence supporting the SL-CL continuum obtained by comparing ...
Gutierrez, Melchor - - 2011
The purpose was three-fold. First, to analyze the psychometric properties of scales used. Second, to test the relationship among athletes' perceptions of parents' goal orientation and their own goal orientation and intrinsic motivation. Third, to compare athletes with and without disabilities with respect to the influence of parents on athletes' ...
Witmer, Larissa - - 2011
The study examined middle school females' perceptions of physical activity, eating, and physical health within a leisure context. A qualitative approach was used to gain a deeper understanding of the significance girls place on health behaviors and factors that go into their decisions about leisure time activity and eating. Four ...
Coutts, Christopher - - 2011
Although advances have been made in research examining race and the use of public parks, there has been little attention paid to urban greenways. Using Geographic Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) technology, this exploratory study examines whether the racial composition of neighborhoods surrounding two urban greenways in ...
Wynveen, Christopher - - 2011
There has been little research concerning the association between "place meanings" and "place attachment." An understanding of the association between these constructs is important because they do not stand alone, but rather, complement one another. We documented the meanings ascribed to a national forest in California by five groups of ...
Funk, Daniel - - 2011
The current study tested the validity of the Psychological Continuum Model and its usefulness in understanding the progressive nature of participation in recreational golf. Attitudinal and behavioral characteristics that underpin each of the framework's four different stages of increased participation were examined. Surveys were collected from recreational golfers and non-golfers ...
Fix, Peter - - 2011
This study investigated the generalizability across time of a cluster analysis that identified five groups with differing motivations for visiting a National Historic Landmark. Replication of the initial study after a one-year time period suggested the same visitor types (i.e., clusters) were present in both study years; however, the relative ...
Walker, Gordon - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the causal relationship between leisure satisfaction and acculturative stress. Chinese immigrants to Canada were surveyed six months apart. Four kinds of acculturative stress (all at Time 2) were each hierarchically regressed on: age and gender, years in Canada, the corresponding stressor, and ...
Lundberg, Neil - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the meanings and outcomes of adaptive sport and recreation participation among individuals with disabilities. In-depth open-ended interviews were conducted with 17 individuals. Analysis of the data followed qualitative data analysis and classical grounded theory utilizing line by line coding, identification of emergent ...
Jun, Jinhee - - 2011
Using theory on identity conflict/facilitation, the purpose of our investigation was to explore the role of identity in the experience of constraints to leisure and constraint negotiation. Identity conflict/facilitation suggests that individuals' commitment to various identities influences their perception of constraints to leisure and constraint negotiation processes. Data collected from ...
Bedini, Leandra - - 2011
Due to the prediction of a significant increase in older adults as well as an expected decrease in availability of professional homecare, the number of informal caregivers in the United States is expected grow exponentially by the year 2050. Unfortunately, caregivers will likely continue to experience negative health consequences due ...
Wang, Xiye - - 2011
Face concern is an indigenous Chinese concept that influences people's behaviors. This study examines the effect of face concern on Chinese (n = 352) and Canadian (n = 295) university students' leisure travel. Three research questions are addressed: (a) is face concern more important for Chinese students than Canadian students? ...
Shultis, John - - 2011
Recent research has suggested a decline in visits to national parks in both the United States and Canada. We analyzed contemporary (2000 to 2009) national policy documents (e.g., annual reports, strategic plans, commission findings) in both countries to assess national park agency reactions to recent changes in visitation patterns. Neither ...
Goodsell, Todd - - 2011
This qualitative study examines patterns in the ways families manage a family member's involvement in amateur marathon running. Drawing on in-depth interviews (N = 46), we found that families generally used cooperative and egalitarian strategies to prevent or reduce family-leisure conflict. Research participants discussed how families affected running, how running ...
Alexandris, Kostas - - 2011
The present study examines the impact of constraints on motivation, activity attachment, and future behavior of recreational skiers. Two hundred and ninety four (N=294) recreational skiers participated in the study and completed questionnaires measuring leisure constraints, strength of motivation, activity attachment and behavioural intentions. A confirmatory factor analysis provided support ...
Mitas, Ondrej - - 2011
Fredrickson (1998, 2001, 2004) supports a compelling account of the processes that turn positive emotions into a high quality life. Her broaden-and-build theory, however, has not been explored in leisure contexts nor has it been applied to older women, an increasingly important yet under-researched population. Our study uses an interpretive ...
Crompton, John - - 2011
A conceptual framework is offered which guides public park and recreation managers on how to minimize resistance to pricing decisions from affected users. The fulcrum of the framework is reference price, which is the benchmark criterion used to evaluate whether or not a new or revised price for a service ...
Shooter, Wynn - - 2010
Since the foundational work of Rossi and Nock (1982), researchers have utilized factorial surveys to evaluate judgment and decision-making in a variety of subfields within sociology, psychology, law, and medicine. Despite the value of this approach to test hypotheses through quasi-experimental design using survey formats, its well-established presence in transdisciplinary ...
Smith, Jordan - - 2010
This study integrates place attachment dimensions into a travel cost model utilizing stated preferences for various hypothetical scenarios involving site development and changes to current use levels at a Bureau of Land Management Special Recreation Management Area. We examine changes in intended behavior contingent on hypothetical scenarios and varying levels ...
Wu, Heng-Chieh - - 2010
Using data from the state evaluation of Michigan 21st Century Community Learning Centers, this study employed multilevel modeling to examine racial/ ethnic and programmatic factors relevant to two aspects of after-school program participation: youths' voluntary participation and parents' reasons for enrollment. The samples consisted of 2,256 fourth- to twelfth-grade youth ...
Siderelis, Christos - - 2010
We investigated the influence of several choice variables on the demand for six mountain biking sites in the Research Triangle area, North Carolina. In combining on-site data collected from users and land survey data from the sites, mixed logit analyses revealed both trail condition and site layouts significantly influenced users' ...
Breunig, Mary - - 2010
A primary purpose of one form of leisure experience--outdoor pursuits programs--is the development of positive interpersonal relationships and group experiences that lead to enhanced sense of community. However, there is a distinct lack of research related to psychological sense of community and involvement with nature. The purpose of this study ...
Scott, David - - 2010
Few studies have examined whether and how park and recreation non-users might respond to agency strategies that seek to mitigate the severity of constraints and facilitate more frequent use of parks The purpose of this study was to determine under what conditions changes in park delivery might result in people ...
Trussell, Dawn - - 2010
This study explored the experiences and meanings of leisure for individuals living in poverty and who are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless. Results show that a key component for moving toward leisure that addresses our most challenging social ills rests with its power to create "judgment free ...
Hebblethwaite, Shannon - - 2010
Family leisure has been found to be both consensual and conflictual. Research on family leisure has focused mainly on heterosexual married couples with young children and has excluded the voices of older adults. Framed by the model of intergenerational ambivalence (Luscher & Pillemer, 1998), this interpretive study developed an understanding ...
Bassi, Marta - - 2010
Goal setting and quality of experience play a key role in sustaining motivation during climbing expeditions. This study investigated these dimensions during a Himalayan expedition affected by prolonged weather emergency preventing climbers from reaching the peak. For one month, six climbers were monitored through experience sampling method (ESM), providing real-time ...
Liechty, Toni - - 2010
Research suggests that body image poses a constraint to women's leisure. Literature exploring the topic, however, is limited and predominantly addresses younger populations. Therefore, this study explored the role of body image in older women's leisure. We conducted interviews and focus groups with 13 women aged 60 to 69. Themes ...
Hutson, Garrett - - 2010
Although person-place relationships have been studied, there is a need for a better understanding of the relationship between theory and the meanings attributed to places by practitioners. Using Q-methodology to capture subjective perceptions of experience, this study investigated the place meanings of a diverse sample of outdoor recreation professionals. Thirty ...
Chun, Sanghee - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the role of leisure in the experience of posttraumatic growth (PTG) for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). In-depth interviewing was employed to explore the characteristics of PTG for 15 participants, including two negative cases. The results of thematic analysis revealed that ...
Poff, Raymond - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to begin the development of a broad model that could examine the structural relationships between family leisure involvement, family functioning, family communication, family leisure satisfaction, and satisfaction with family life among a large sample of families (n = 898) from the United States. Findings ...
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