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Sapp, Dempsey R., - - 2012
When one thinks of a pioneer, thoughts generally travel to the Old West where brave men and women explored unchartered territory, fueled by their dreams of creating a prosperous life for themselves and their families. They faced hardships and tribulations, but never lost sight of their dreams. Same can be ...
Medal, Julio - - 2012
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is a potential threat to Florida agriculture. Several interceptions have occurred in the last several yr, but BMSB is apparently not yet established in Florida. At the FDACS-DPI quarantine facility different rearing methods were evaluated with H. halys to provide the number of ...
Aybar, Cecilia A. - - 2012
Culicoides insignis and C. venezuelensis are documented for the first time from Salta province, C. guttatus from Salta and Tucuman provinces, and C. austroparaensis, C. biestroi, C. fernandoi, and C. foxi from Misiones province. The geographical distributions of C. lahillei, C. brasilianum, C. dureti and C. pseudoheliconiae are extended to ...
Martins, David Dos - - 2012
Anastrepha Schiner is the genus of Tephritidae with the greatest diversity in the Neotropical region and the largest number of species in Brazil, and which imposes quarantine restrictions for imports of fruits and vegetables from countries in which it occurs. The objective of this paper is to present new records ...
Dickey, Aaron - - 2012
Flinders Technology Associates (FTA[TM]) technology lyses cells and stabilizes DNA for room-temperature storage in a single step but it has been infrequently used with arthropods. One possible reason is the paucity of quick and inexpensive protocols to subsequently elute the DNA from the card matrix. This report compares 2 such ...
Tinoco, Ricardo - - 2012
The cultivation of the African oil palm is one the main agricultural activity in humid areas of the world, such as Amazonia, but defoliating caterpillars can reduce the productivity of this crop in northern Brazil. This is the first report in Brazil of occurrence of the parasitoids Brachymeria annulipes (Costa ...
Pena, J.E. - - 2012
These preliminary results indicate that there are numerous New World species of the Lauraceae potentially at risk of attack by X. glabratus. More research is needed to fully determine the susceptibility of Persea spp. and other genera within the Lauraceae to both the pathogen and vector. However, because of the ...
Tipping, Philip - - 2012
Although the range of S. minima in the U.S. includes Florida and Louisiana, the plant behaves differently between states, most notably in Louisiana where it is considered a significant aquatic weed. Plant and insect populations were sampled 11 times in both states over consecutive weeks during 2002 through 2004. Mean ...
Genc, Hanife - - 2012
Adult olive fruit flies appeared to be affected by residual insectide deposits on the surface of the olive fruit. Females initially knocked down did not recover, and all died, but knocked down males recovered by the next day after washing their bodies with water. In future experiments with olives of ...
Robbins, Paul - - 2012
This note reports the proportions of various compounds found in the headspace volatiles among 6 species in the family Rutaceae differing in their susceptibility to colonization by the Asian citrus psyllid. Some compounds occurred exclusively while others were common to several species. Behavioral analysis of individual compounds as well as ...
Loera-Gallardo, Jesus - - 2012
Malathion 50 and Malathion 1000 EC were compared for control of the Mexican fruit fly in northeast Mexico. They were mixed with Winner 360 (hydrolyzed protein), and sprayed directly onto the trunks of Valencia oranges trees by means of a backpack sprayer. Ground applications were made weekly or biweekly and ...
Chase, Kevin - - 2012
In Aug 2011, 2 exotic auger beetle species, Sinoxylon indicum and Sinoxylon sudanicum, were found in northeastern Mississippi infesting wooden crates that had originated in Pakistan. Species of Sinoxylon attack timber products and a wide range of woody and herbaceous plants, including important agricultural crops.
Pick, David - - 2012
Treatments with Ifr alone were not effective for managing BCA populations in these cage trials. However, Ifr did not inhibit parasitism or emergence, and L. testaceipes was highly effective at parasitizing the aphids even in the presence of Ifr. The compatibility of Ifr with L. testaceipes demonstrated potential for managing ...
Rafinejad, Javad - - 2012
Tick-borne relapsing fever is an acute infectious disease transmitted to humans by Ornithodoros tholozani, and it is a notifiable disease in Kurdistan Province, Iran. This cross-sectional survey was carried out from 2000 to 2004. The main aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of tick-borne relapsing fever in ...
Rios-Velasco, Claudio - - 2012
The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda is the main corn pest in Latin America. As an alternative to chemical insecticide applications, one isolate of Spodoptera frugiperda nucleopolyhedrovirus from soil of an experimental field in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico was evaluated. Egg masses of the pest were superficially inoculated by the immersion ...
Bezerra-Silva, Gerane Celly - - 2012
We studied the effects of crude extracts and fractions of Azadirachta indica, Melia azedarach, Toona ciliata and Trichilia pallida on both egg and nymph mortality and embryonic development of Bemisia tabaci B biotype, using tomato plants grown in a greenhouse. Next, we studied the host selection behavioral effects on the ...
Santos, Igor - - 2012
Ants in the genus Dinoponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) are among the largest sized Formicidae of the World. In Brazil Dinoponera has an allopatric distribution, and several species occur in threatened biomes. We characterized karyotypes of the following 4 species: Dinoponera australis Emery, Dinoponera gigantea Perty, Dinoponera lucida Emery, and Dinoponera ...
Okutaner, Atilay - - 2012
The paper describes cytogenetic observations of Pachytodes erraticus (Dalman 1817) for the first time. Also presented are the distribution of this species in Turkey with a map and in the world, chorotype classification of the species, photos of male genitalia, the mitotic metaphase stage and karyogram. The results indicate that ...
Deyrup, Mark - - 2012
A survey of insect visitors on flowers of Serenoa repens (saw palmetto) at a Florida site, the Archbold Biological Station, showed how nectar and pollen resources of a plant species can contribute to taxonomic diversity and ecological complexity. A list of 311 species of flower visitors was dominated by Hymenoptera ...
Pacheco-Sanchez, Cinthia - - 2012
The agave snout weevil Scyphophorus acupunctatus Gyllenhal (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an ubiquitous insect and the main pest of blue tequila agave, Agave tequilana Weber, and other agaves. This study reports the repellent effect of the hydroethanolic extract of the castor oil plant, Ricinus communis L. (Euphorbiaceae) wild and 'Mirante' cultivar ...
Jesus-Barros, Cristiane - - 2012
A total of 817 samples (1,094.36 kg) of potential fruit fly (Diptera:Tephritidae) hosts were collected from 70 plant species across 29 families in the state of Amapa, Brazil. Twenty-three of these plant species were infested with tephritid larvae. Twelve species of Anastrepha were recovered in different proportions: Anastrepha striata (82.65%), ...
Rezende, Jose - - 2012
In Brazil, soybean Glycine max (L.) Merril crops are subjected to incidence of several pests, which are mainly insect species. However, the occurrences of other pest species are growing. In this context, outbreaks of phytophagous mites are becoming more frequent. Nevertheless, records of mites in such crop are available only ...
Rebijith, K.B. - - 2012
Aphids are one of the major challenges in the agricultural pest management programmes. A reliable, quick, accurate and life stage-independent method of identification of vectors such as Aphis gossypii Glover and Myzus persicae (Sulzer) is important with respect to virus transmission, insecticide resistance and biological control. The complex life cycles, ...
Fiaboe, K.K.M. - - 2012
The red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), ranks among the most important pests of various palm species. The pest originates from South and Southeast Asia, but has expanded its range dramatically since the 1980s. We used ecological niche modeling (ENM) approaches to explore its likely geographic potential. ...
Cong, Lin - - 2012
The 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) plays a critical role in a series of biological processes, via the ecdysone receptor/USP heterodimeric complex in arthropod. In order to clarify the regulatory mechanism of 20E, we characterized a full-length cDNA encoding a putative ecdysone receptor isoform B1 and named it as BdEcR-Bl in the oriental ...
Weirauch, Christiane - - 2012
The leafhopper assassin bug, Zelus renardii Kolenati, is a natural enemy and stands out among species in the large New World genus Zelus Fabricius (~60 spp.) by its introduction to and establishment in 3 biogeographic regions. We here present documentation of the distribution and habitat of Z. renardii in its ...
Uchoa, Manoel - - 2012
This paper presents a survey of the insects that feed on fruits of Psittacanthus Martius (Santalales: Loranthaceae), a hemiparasitic mistletoe genus that infects trees in Brazil and other neotropical countries. The aim of the study was to identify candidate insects for biological control of Psittacanthus mistletoes. Unripe and mature fruits ...
Saikia, Kanchan - - 2012
The citrus trunk borer, Pseudonemorphus versteegi (Ritsema) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), is the most destructive pest of citrus in the entire northeastern Himalayan region of India. Adult beetles are stout, large in size, measuring 18.0 to 33.3 mm in length with bluish white elytra and 11-segmented filiform antennae. The antennae are 2.71 ...
Halbert, Susan - - 2012
The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, was reported for the first time in Florida in June 1998, and huanglongbing (HLB, citrus greening), vectored by D. citri, was detected in Florida for the first time in Aug 2005. In Florida, the only known HLB pathogen is 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (Las). ...
Nasruddin, Andi - - 2012
The population dynamics and biology of the gall-inducing insect, Crotonothrips polyalthiae Mound & Nasruddin, and its damage to Polyalthia longifolia Sonn. were studied in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, from 15 Aug 2010 to 25 Jul 2011. The average number of thrips per gall, young leaves per plant, and bi-weekly rainfall ...
Diaz-Gomez, Ovidio - - 2012
Copitarsia decolora (Guenee) is an important pest of several crops such in Mexico, Central and South America. In addition, this species is a regulatory concern in the USA. In this work, we investigated the influence of trap design, trap height, and trap color on pheromone trap catches of C. decolora ...
Chen, Er-Hu - - 2012
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) were purified from 3 developmental stages of Bactrocera minax through glutathione-agarose affinity chromatography, and characterized subsequently using the Michaelis-Menten kinetics toward the artificial substrates 1-chloro-2, 4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and reduced glutathione (GSH), respectively. Compared to the counterparts of third instar larva and adult, the highest specific activity of ...
Andress, Earl - - 2012
The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is used to suppress or eradicate infestations of the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The success of the SIT depends to a large degree on the ability of sterile males to compete successfully against wild males in obtaining matings with wild females. Sterile ...
Bu, Yun - - 2012
Two new species Willemia antennomonstrum sp. nov. collected in Hainan and W. dhaesei sp. nov. collected in Shandong from sand beaches of the Pacific coast of China are described. Both species belong to the buddenbrocki group. Willemia antennomonstrum sp. nov. shows convergence to family Onychiuridae, because it has a remarkable ...
Carrillo, Daniel - - 2012
Laurel wilt is a destructive disease caused by the fungus Raffaelea lauricola, which is transmitted by the invasive redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus. Here we document ambrosia beetles that emerged from wilted avocado trees throughout Florida. In addition, the ambrosia beetle fauna associated with wilted swampbay trees in Miami-Dade was ...
Santos, Alexandre - - 2012
The clonal propagation of Eucalyptus in plastic tube containers with growing media substrate without direct contact of seedlings with soil floor in nurseries, changed the status of insects such as fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae), especially the genus Bradysia. This study monitored populations of adults within a Eucalyptus spp. tree nursery ...
Sauby, Kristen - - 2012
We examined the association between the exotic South American cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), and its host plants (prickly pear cacti, subfamily Opuntioideae) in Florida to assess the role of host plant identity and local host community on the prevalence of this invasive moth. From May to September ...
Wang, Xing - - 2012
The Chinese Andraca is revised with the check-list annotated. A new bombycid geographic subspecies, Andraca nobilorum houtuae Wang & Zolotuhin subsp. nov., is described from Damingshan National Nature Reserve, South China. The new subspecies differs from the nominate A. nobilorum in Central Vietnam by the darker marker at the apex ...
Juan-Blasco, Maria - - 2012
The Asian Citrus Psyllid (ACP), Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) is a serious pest of citrus in many citrus-producing regions. It vectors the bacterium 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' thought to be the causal agent of the devastating "Huanglongbing" (HLB) or citrus greening disease. Both pest and the disease are well established ...
Li, Hu - - 2012
Two new species of leafhopper subgenus Pediopsoides (Pediopsoides) Matsumura, 1912 P. (P.) bispinata Li, Dai & Li sp. nov. and P. (P.) nigrolabium Li, Dai & Li sp. nov. from southern China, are described and illustrated. An updated checklist and distribution of the subgenus from the world is provided, along ...
Benda, Nicole - - 2012
The poison ivy sawfly, Arge humeralis Beauvois, was previously known to feed only on poison ivy, Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze. However, in 2009, larvae were discovered in southern Florida feeding on poisonwood, Metopium toxiferum (L.) Krug and Urban. To better characterize the host range of A. humeralis, we compared larval ...
Souza, Gabriely - - 2012
Thaumastocoris peregrinus (Hemiptera: Thaumastocoridae) is a threat to commercial plantations of Eucalyptus species in South Africa, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Kenya, Uruguay and Zimbabwe, and there are no effective strategies for its control. We report here for the first time, the occurrence of the predatory stink bug Supputius cincticeps (Hemiptera: ...
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