Search Results
Results 1 - 41 of 41
1
Franklin Stanley S SS Heart Disease Prevention Program, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA, - - 2014
Masked hypertension, defined as discordant in-office normotension versus out-of-office hypertension, is present in approximately 10 % to 40 % of patients not receiving antihypertensive treatment. Not only are persons with prehypertension more likely to have masked hypertension, but they also frequently develop target organ damage before transitioning to established sustained hypertension. Moreover, ...
Tsounis Dimitrios D Department of Cardiology, Athens General Hospital "G. Gennimatas" Mesogeion 154, 11527, Athens, Greece. - - 2014
Essential hypertension is a common health disorder with uncertain etiology and unclear pathophysiology. There is evidence that various systems interact in uncertain ways and mechanisms to cause hypertension. It is also well known that inflammation is a key feature in the initiation, progression and clinical implication of several cardiovascular diseases. ...
Tsai Der-Shiang DS Department of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences and Chinese Medicine Resources, College of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been commonly used in Asia country. The aim of this study is to analyze the utilization of TCM among hypertensive patients in Taiwan. The use of TCM for primary hypertensive patients were evaluated using a randomly sampled cohort of 1,000,000 beneficiaries recruited from the National ...
Wu Yanling Y State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, Department of Food Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 # Meilong Rd, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China. - - 2014
Recent studies have investigated anti-hypertensive peptides derived from natural food products. In this work, we focus on Phascolosoma esculenta as a resource of anti-hypertensive peptides, which is also a seafood with high nutritive value. Compared with FAO/WHO requirements, P. esculenta was confirmed to contain high contents of amino acids and ...
Habib Gabriel B GB 1Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Hypertension is the most important cardiovascular risk factor. We have witnessed a significant improvement in hypertension treatment and control and an impressive growth in the pharmacologic options available to clinicians and hypertension specialists. With up to a third of patients with hypertension not at the recommended goal blood pressures, it ...
Beaulieu Michele J - - 2014
Neonatal hypertension is becoming a more common diagnosis because of higher survival rates in premature infants and the need for intravascular access and invasive blood pressure (BP) monitoring. Defining hypertension in the neonatal population has been challenging, and understanding what constitutes a normal BP is still evolving.Five general classes of ...
Campbell Norman R C NR aLibin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada bDepartment of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA cInstitute of Global Health Equity and Innovation, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada dFu Wai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing Hypertension League Institute, Beijing, China eDepartment of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Austin Health fDepartment of Physiology The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia gCentre for Chronic Disease Control (CCDC), New Delhi, India hArterial Hypertension and Metabolic Unit, University Hospital, Favaloro Foundation, Buenos Aires, Argentina iUniversity Hospital of the University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Nephrology and Hypertension, Ulmenweg, Erlangen, Germany jHypertension in Africa Research Team, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa kInstitute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK lSir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The International Society of Hypertension and the World Hypertension League have developed a policy statement calling for reducing dietary salt. The policy supports the WHO and the United Nations recommendations, which are based on a comprehensive and up-to-date review of relevant research. The policy statement calls for broad societal action ...
Stevens Alissa A Division of Human Development and Disability, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mail Stop E-88, Atlanta, GA 30333. E-mail: - - 2014
The prevalence of hypertension among people with disabilities is not well understood. We combined data from the 2001-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to obtain estimates of hypertension prevalence by disability status and type (cognitive, hearing, vision, or mobility limitation) and assess the association between disability and hypertension. Overall, ...
Tain You-Lin YL Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan. - - 2014
Despite the use of extensive antihypertensive therapy in patients with hypertension, little attention has been paid to early identification and intervention of individuals at risk for developing hypertension. The imbalance between nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting in oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of ...
Lonati Chiara - - 2013
Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is one of the most frequent forms of secondary hypertension but this diagnosis is often missed because of insufficient care taken in collecting patient's history and clinical signs. Herein we summarize the clinical, instrumental and laboratory clues which should raise the suspicion of RVH. In addition we ...
Moorhouse Rebecca C - - 2013
Hypertension contributes greatly to global disease burden and in many patients current treatments do not adequately control blood pressure (BP). Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor that is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension, including the hypertension that is often associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the metabolic syndrome. ...
Barley Jessica - - 2013
Essential or unexplained hypertension exists in a significant segment of the US population. Among those with essential or unexplained hypertension is a subset of patients who are diagnosed with 'refractory hypertension' (RHTN) or uncontrolled hypertension despite sustained therapy with at least three antihypertensive agents. Neurogenic etiologies are prevalent among patients ...
Reudelhuber Timothy L TL Laboratory of Molecular Biochemistry of Hypertension, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. - - 2013
Essential hypertension, which accounts for 90%-95% of all cases of hypertension seen in the clinic, is also referred to as idiopathic hypertension, because we simply don't understand the cause(s). Although many theories have been advanced, in the current issue of the JCI, Gonzalez-Villalobos et al. present further evidence implicating the ...
Cheung Carol Y - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of a range of cardiovascular risk factors and ocular conditions on retinal vascular fractal dimension in the Singapore Malay Eye Study. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Fractal analysis of the retinal vessels is a method to quantify the global geometric complexity of the retinal vasculature. ...
Morgan William H - - 2012
As efforts to noninvasively measure intracranial pressure (ICP) increase, we thought it important to investigate the timing of retinal venous pulsation in relation to the intraocular and intracranial pressure pulses. Neurosurgical patients undergoing continuous direct ICP monitoring had video recordings of ICP, IOP, and retinal venous pulsation waveforms taken with ...
Li Ling-Jun - - 2012
Changes in maternal blood pressure during pregnancy are associated with poor maternal and neonatal outcomes. We investigated whether maternal blood pressure during midpregnancy has an impact on the retinal microcirculation among pregnant Asian women. A total of 665 pregnant women aged 18 to 46 years were recruited from the Growing ...
Chew Sky K H - - 2012
Hypertension is a leading risk factor for increased mortality and morbidity. One pathogenesis mechanism, increased peripheral vascular resistance, relates to arteriolar diameter. Retinal arterioles, visualized and measured through retinal images, provide an insight into the microvascular structure and hints of peripheral vascular resistance. Multiple studies have demonstrated an inverse association ...
Proos Lemm A LA Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2011
Children with myelomeningocele (MMC) run an increased risk of developing early or precocious puberty (E/PP).   To identify risk factors for E/PP in boys with MMC. Boys born between 1970 and 1992, treated for MMC at the University Children's Hospital, Uppsala, were identified. Thirty-eight boys were eligible to be included. ...
Koeners Maarten P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) activate the inflammatory transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). ROS-induced inflammation appears to be an early event in the development of hypertension in different models. In the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) we investigated whether perinatal inhibition of NF-κB persistently decreases blood pressure. To probe ...
Rigsby Brenda D - - 2011
Hypertension is the major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and renal disease. This disease has a disproportionate effect on African Americans when compared to other races. The purpose of this project was to examine the effectiveness of healthy lifestyle modifications on blood pressure control among hypertensive African American ...
Therapeutics Initiative; University opf ...
Risk of serious adverse cardiovascular events increases with advancing age and with higher blood pressure. Falls and other serious adverse events associated with postural hypotension also increase with age and with antihypertensive drug therapy. It is therefore important to know whether drug treatment improves not only cardiovascular outcomes, but also ...
Gamaldo Alyssa A - - 2008
In this study, we examined the relationship between within-person blood pressure and cognitive functioning. We conducted an analysis on 36 community-dwelling elderly individuals (age range = 60-87 years). Participants measured their blood pressure and completed cognitive tasks (i.e., the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Task, the Letter Series test, and the ...
Takabayashi Yasuhiro - - 2008
The superconducting transition temperature of the high-Tc SmO1-xFxFeAs superconductors increases monotonically as the F-doping level x increases to 0.20. High-pressure magnetization experiments reveal a strong sensitivity of Tc to interatomic distances in the underdoped regime (x </= 0.12) with the pressure coefficient of Tc, d(ln Tc)/dP being strongly positive. However, ...
Lyseng-Williamson Katherine A - - 2008
*The corticosteroid budesonide and the long-acting [beta]2-adrenoceptor agonist formoterol have been combined into a single pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) for use in patients aged > or =12 years with asthma. *In well designed 12-week clinical trials in patients with mild to moderate or moderate to severe persistent asthma, lung function ...
Caballero Gabriel - - 2007
A steel ball impacting on a bed of very loose, fine sand results in a surprisingly vigorous jet which shoots up from the surface of the sand [D. Lohse, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 198003 (2004)10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.198003]. When the ambient pressure p is reduced, the jet is found to be less vigorous ...
Grzybowski A - - 2007
Our recent paper [A. Grzybowski, K. Grzybowska, J. Zioło, and M. Paluch, Phys. Rev. E 74, 041503 (2006)] tested the correlations between isobaric and isochoric fragilities, m_{P} and m_{V} , as well as the scaling exponent gamma under elevated pressure conditions. The preceding paper [R. Casalini and C. M. Roland, ...
Lloyd Ian - - 2005
The NHS's new complaints system is buckling under massive pressure. The Healthcare Commission is facing a backlog of more than 3,700 grievances and a private company will be brought in next week to help clear the build-up. The commission expects to receive 9,000 complaints by the end of its first ...
Gama Sergio - - 2004
To present day, the maximum magnetocaloric effect (MCE) at room temperature for a magnetic field change of 5 T is 40 J/(kg K) for MnAs. In this Letter we present colossal MCE measurements on MnAs under pressure, reaching values up to 267 J/(kg K), far greater than the magnetic limit ...
Atthobari Jarir - - 2004
To evaluate the effect of a letter intervention that was send to both the participants of a population screening and their general practitioners. We also tested what predicting variables influenced the GP to actually prescribe blood pressure lowering drugs (BPLD) or lipid lowering drugs (LLD). The study design was cross ...
Padilla R R - - 1999
Of the variety of mouth guards available to the conscientious athlete for protection of oral structures, the pressure-laminated appliance provides the best fit and most protection. The pressure-lamination technique, however, is not widely known among dentists. This article contains a step-by-step description of making pressure-laminated athletic mouth guards.
Mock E S - - 1997
Frank and Bakland coined the term "Extracanal invasive resorption" (EIR) to identify a resorptive entity that has been variously classified. This external resorption originates in the cementum adjacent to the periodontal ligament. The lesion is believed to be a response to injury and irritation of the periodontal ligament, or to ...
McDowell I - - 1989
In a randomized, controlled trial (N = 8,298) the authors compared three ways of encouraging patients in a large family practice to obtain a blood pressure check. Working from computerized medical records at a teaching family-medicine center, the study included patients aged 18 years and over who had not had ...
Dabrowski Z - - 1981
Pressure was measured in the femoral medullary cavity of rabbits whose femoral muscles were subjected to electrostimulation. After electrostimulation the pressure in the medullary cavity increased fivefold. In groups of experimental animals the number of reticulocytes leaving the bone marrow and the number of reticulocytes in the peripheral blood were ...
Newman S P - - 1980
Although the manufacturers of pressurized aerosol bonchodilators issue instructions for using the inhalers, little or no experimental verification exists. Bronchodilatation has been measured after controlled inhalations of 500 μg terbutaline sulphate given in a systematic series of investigations to 8 patients with reversible airways obstruction at 2 different inhalation flow ...
Stahl S M - - 1977
To evaluate different techniques intended to motivate community residents to have their blood pressures taken, five inner-city target areas with comparable, predominantly Black, populations were selected. A sample of about 200 households in each of four areas were subjected to different motivational interventions; in one of these four areas, households ...
Lemos, Stephen E.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wisconsin--Madison, 2003.
Hartley, J. P. R.
1 The bronchodilator effects of inhaled dry salbutamol powder (50, 100, 200 and 400 μg) have been compared in ten asthmatic patients with those of aerosolized salbutamol (200 μg) delivered from a standard pressurized inhaler.
Akinkugbe O O - - 1969
Surveys of arterial pressure carried out in rural and urban communities in Western Nigeria showed a steady rise in systolic values with age, this trend being less marked with diastolic pressures. Blood pressure levels were similar in women from rural and urban areas, but seemed much higher in urban than ...
KIDD D J - - 1964
Current achievements in environments at pressures higher than atmospheric are reviewed, ranging from the uses of hyperbaric oxygen for treatment to the concept of residence at high pressure for extended Continental Shelf exploration and very deep caisson work.A case is made for the use of high oxygen pressures in the ...
GEORGHIOU G P - - 1964
Two housefly strains selected for maximal resistance for 30 generations with Isolan (1-isopropyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolyl dimethylcarbamate) and m-isopropylphenyl methylcarbamate, respectively, were released from insecticidal pressure and their responses to these two carbamates were studied through 62 further generations.In the Isolan-selected strain, resistance to both carbamates remained virtually unchanged up to the 41st ...
KNIPE F W - - 1961
In an attempt to simplify one element in the practical operation of malaria eradication programmes, experiments were conducted to determine the relative effectiveness of residual DDT delivered at both high and low pressures. The relative effectiveness of insecticidal spray patterns delivered from standard nozzle tips at three different discharge pressures ...
1