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Cook T M - - 2000
We studied 20 anaesthetic assistants applying simulated cricoid pressure with the left or right hand in random order. Simulated cricoid pressure was continued for up to 5 min with one hand and then, after resting, with the other hand. Applied pressure was measured at intervals and the subjects were blind ...
Flucker C J - - 2000
A recent study in our department demonstrated that depressing the plunger of a 50-mL syringe was reliably and linearly related to the force applied between 20 N and 50 N. Using a 50-mL syringe we constructed a simple device to help train anaesthetic assistants to apply cricoid pressure correctly. We ...
Nishi Y - - 2000
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of custom tray designs on local pressures against teeth during the impression procedure. In a previous study, a partially edentulous simulation model with a mobile tooth was used, and the effect of custom tray designs on the displacement of ...
Muneuchi J - - 2000
A 7-year-old female presented with fever, urinary incontinence, mental regression, gait disturbance, and lethargy after diarrhea. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multifocal T(2)-weighted hypersignal lesions supportive of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Her mother had been diagnosed with hereditary neuropathy with susceptibility to pressure palsy. The girl was also determined to have hereditary ...
Hartsilver E L - - 2000
Cricoid pressure may cause airway obstruction. We investigated whether this is related to the force applied and to the technique of application. We recorded expired tidal volumes and inflation pressures during ventilation via a face-mask and oral airway in 52 female patients who were anaesthetised and about to undergo elective ...
Dravid R M - - 2000
We have assessed the effect of cricoid pressure on insertion of and ventilation through the cuffed oropharyngeal airway (COPA) in 53 patients, in a double-blind, randomized study. Two anaesthetists assessed adequacy of ventilation in anaesthetized and paralysed patients at the same time but using different methods. The first assessed ventilation ...
MacG Palmer J H - - 2000
Cricoid pressure is used to protect the lungs from contamination with gastric contents during tracheal intubation. We studied the effect of cricoid pressure applied with a yoke on 30 anaesthetised patients examined fibreoptically through a laryngeal mask airway. We assessed the effect of 20, 30 and 44 N on the ...
Khan F A - - 2000
This study aimed to evaluate whether the application of cricoid pressure at the time of induction of anaesthesia was associated with a lesser incidence of postoperative nausea or vomiting in the immediate postoperative period compared with a group in which no cricoid pressure was applied, in patients undergoing day care ...
Liebenberg W H - - 2000
An innovative direct technique that improves the accuracy of provisional acrylic resin restorations is introduced. A custom impression tray is modified to facilitate complete occlusal closure. This open tray is used to make an accurate overimpression prior to beginning tooth preparation procedures. Following tooth preparation, the acrylic resin-filled overimpression is ...
Gardner J - - 2000
Thanks to election-year realities, it's likely to be politics over policy on Capitol Hill in 2000. Congress and the Clinton administration have plenty of unfinished healthcare business, but with the pressures of the campaign trail, expect a shortened legislative window of opportunity. While healthcare remains high on everyone's agenda, the ...
Ungar M T - - 2000
The construct of peer pressure was examined as part of a qualitative study of the determinants of mental health for 41 high-risk adolescents. While the concept of peer pressure enables adults to explain youths' troubling behaviors, content analysis of the participants' accounts of their lives revealed peer pressure to be ...
Duhan A - - 2000
Four high yielding and early maturing cultivars of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) namely UPAS-120, ICPL-87, ICPL-151 and, especially, Manak, contained significant amounts of polyphenols (1075 to 1328 mg/100g), which may limit their utilization. The effectiveness of soaking (6, 12 and 18 h, 30 degrees C), soaking and dehulling, ordinary cooking, ...
Groce A - - 1999
Facial burns present many psychological and rehabilitation challenges. Many of our patients with facial burns who are children and adolescents have expressed that they prefer to wear the transparent face mask instead of the Jobst hood (Beiersdorf Jobst Inc, Charlotte, NC) with an underlying silicone face pad. However, questions have ...
Kumar N - - 1999
The genetic defect responsible for hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP) is located in the same segment that is duplicated in Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A (CMT1A). HNPP had been presumed to be rare until an epidemiological study found a much higher incidence than was expected; the researchers suggested that ...
Skinner H J - - 1999
This study aimed to evaluate whether cricoid pressure is associated with a high risk of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Fifteen awake, fasted volunteers were studied. A cricoid pressure of 44 N was applied for 60 s by resting a padded yoke over the cricoid cartilage. Using continuous oesophageal pH monitoring, no volunteer ...
Harry R M - - 1999
Unexpected difficulty with tracheal intubation contributes to anaesthetic morbidity and mortality. The intubating laryngeal mask is effective in facilitating blind intubation. We have evaluated the effect of cricoid pressure on the ability to insert an intubating laryngeal mask, and to pass a tracheal tube through it. Insertion and intubation through ...
Fricke N B - - 1999
Pressure garment use alters facial growth during rehabilitation after a facial burn injury. We previously studied 3 children with full facial burns and 3 children with partial facial burns who wore pressure garments for 1 year, and we found that maxillary horizontal growth and mandibular anterior-inferior growth are inhibited during ...
Tranter D - - 1999
'The pharmaceutical industry is seemingly poised on a precipice of intense pressures and challenges'
Chen C Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The treatment of choice for cancer of the breast are mastectomy and axillary clearance or wide excision with axillary clearance. The most common complication following such a procedure is seroma formation. Various methods have been used to prevent it. However, the use of a pressure garment in this context ...
Randell T - - 1998
The best view obtained by levering the tip of the McCoy laryngoscope blade with or without modified cricoid pressure was studied in 100 patients presenting for general surgery. The airway was assessed pre-operatively (Mallampati score, thyromental distance, mouth opening, protrusion of the jaw and weight) in an attempt to identify ...
Kitaoka A - - 1998
The corner effect, the Münsterberg illusion, and the Café Wall illusion are explained by a model postulating that the corner effect is an orientation illusion specific to corner edges and that the perceived orientations of these edges are shifted toward angle contraction. It is also assumed that the effect is ...
Sessa M - - 1997
We report two patients with suspected hereditary liability to pressure palsies. Neurophysiological studies showed a mixed axonal-demyelinating sensory-motor polyneuropathy with focal slowing of conduction velocities at the common sites of entrapment. Morphological studies on sural nerve biopsy from the proband showed active axonal regeneration without typical tomacula. Molecular analysis confirmed ...
Shields B L - - 1997
This correspondence presents a prototype of a powered hand exoskeleton that is designed to fit over the gloved hand of an astronaut and offset the stiffness of the pressurized space suit. This will keep the productive time spent in extravehicular activity from being constrained by hand fatigue. The exoskeleton has ...
Vanner R G - - 1997
Fifty female patients were studied to compare the view of the larynx at direct laryngoscopy under general anaesthesia with and without cricoid pressure applied. We also compared the view using the standard technique of cricoid pressure with that using cricoid pressure in an upward and backward direction and further investigated ...
Parchure A A - - 1997
The resistant starch (RS) contents of rice and waxy amaranth starch subjected to processing treatments like cooking by boiling, pressure cooking, roasting, extrusion cooking, frying and drum drying have been reported. Compared to the contents in the native starch, when expressed on dry wt basis, in both cases, cooking by ...
Gabbott D A - - 1997
In 30 ASA 1 and 2 patients undergoing general anaesthesia and neuromuscular paralysis, manual in-line stabilisation of the neck in a neutral position was performed and single-handed cricoid pressure was applied. Vertical displacement was measured from the midpoint of the neck (directly below the cricoid cartilage). Measurements were also made ...
Staley M J - - 1997
Pressure has been used since the early 1970s by burn care provides to help minimize the formation of hypertrophic scars. Although the exact mechanism of action is unknown, pressure appears clinically to enhance the scar maturation process. Bandages that can be wrapped and unwrapped or are made of a soft ...
Mann R - - 1997
Pressure garment therapy has become the worldwide standard of care for the prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scars. There are many reports in the literature on pressure garment therapy but few studies state the amount of pressure actually provided. The purpose of our study was to determine the amount of ...
Yentis S M - - 1997
The effects of two different methods of cricoid pressure on laryngoscopic view were studied in 94 healthy women presenting for routine gynaecological surgery. Laryngoscopy was performed with either single-handed or bimanual cricoid pressure; after grading of the view obtained, the other method was used and second grading performed. Laryngoscopic view ...
Giele H P - - 1997
Pressure garments are the mainstay of burn scar management despite limited scientific evidence. This study demonstrates a simple method of directly measuring the cutaneous pressures generated by a pressure garment. The results show pressure garments generate an increase in subdermal pressures in the range 9-90 mmHg depending on the anatomical ...
Mann R - - 1997
This article introduces a new tool to measure the pressure that is under pressure garments. The Iscan (Tekscan, Inc.) system uses a patented ultra-thin (0.007 inch) sensor with multiple sensing locations that sample continuously at 100 times per second. It is noninvasive, convenient, and quick. The study had two parts. ...
Mijailović B B - - 1997
We report a patient with bullous delayed pressure urticaria (DPU) and chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) in whom a systemic reaction occurred. The reaction occurred 18 h after a pressure test had been performed on the right forearm. Blood histamine levels were more elevated in the sample taken from the forearm ...
Kisner H J - - 1997
The author reviews five trends in the laboratory and diagnostic industries. The five trends are: consolidation of both the diagnostic companies and clinical laboratories (hospital and commercial); pressure to cut costs; robotics; implication of new technology; and the pressure to cut costs by transitioning certain tasks to nontechnical personnel while ...
Tournadre J P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cricoid cartilage pressure induced to prevent pulmonary aspiration from regurgitation of gastric contents has been recommended, and its efficacy requires a force greater than 40 Newtons. For regurgitation to occur, both an increase in gastric pressure and relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) are necessary. However, the effect ...
Aoyama K - - 1996
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of cricoid pressure on the positioning of and ventilation through the laryngeal mask airway (LMA). METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized design, the LMA was inserted with (CP[+] group, n = 20) or without double-handed cricoid pressure (CP[-] group, n = 20). Ventilation through the LMA ...
Herman N L - - 1996
The Sellick maneuver or cricoid pressure is an effective means of preventing passive aspiration of gastric contents. Recent studies recommend a pressure of 20 newtons (N) when the patient is awake, increasing to 30-40 N with unconsciousness. This study was proposed to determine whether with education and practice, anesthesia providers ...
Xia C M - - 1996
This study introduces a new rapid-processing procedure for curing polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin in an automatically controlled pressure cooker. The cooker filled with water was inflated with 6 kgf/cm2 air pressure and heated to 120 degrees C (248 degrees F) and maintained for 10 minutes. No significant differences were ...
Straube A - - 1996
A 49-year-old man reported several periods of acute paresis of different nerves after exposure to pressure. All palsies showed a good recovery over a period of days to months. The suspected diagnosis of a hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies was confirmed by the histology of a suralis nerve ...
Bellone E - - 1996
We describe pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis of 10 unrelated Italian families and seven isolated cases with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). Our sample includes patients with different clinical features, varying from classical liability to pressure palsies to ingravescent polyneuropathy. The frequency and the uniformity in size ...
Asai T - - 1996
We studied 50 patients, in a blind, crossover study, to assess if cricoid pressure applied after placement of the laryngeal mask prevented gastric insufflation without affecting ventilation. After induction of anaesthesia and neuromuscular block, a laryngeal mask was inserted and confirmed to be placed correctly. The lungs were ventilated with ...
Chassard D - - 1996
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown a decrease of lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) tone during stimulation of the upper oesophageal sphincter. Therefore, we hypothesized that during anaesthesia, cricoid pressure could result in a decrease in LOS pressure. METHODS: The LOS and oesophageal barrier pressures (BrP = LOSP minus gastric pressure) were ...
Gabbott D A - - 1996
Forty adult patients had a gum elastic bougie passed blindly through a laryngeal mask on two occasions, after standard insertion, and after the application of cricoid pressure with manual in line stabilisation of the neck. After standard insertion the bougie entered the trachea on 11/40 occasions. With manual in line ...
Cook T M - - 1996
One hundred and twenty patients were studied to compare the view of the larynx at laryngoscopy with one- or two-handed cricoid pressure applied. A blinded crossover technique was employed. When the grade of laryngeal view achieved with either type of cricoid pressure was compared using a 4-point scale there was ...
McEvoy M T - - 1995
Urticarial dermographism and delayed pressure urticaria are two forms of physical urticaria which are well defined clinically and histologically. Previous studies have shown eosinophil granule protein deposition in urticarial reactions, including chronic urticaria, solar urticaria and delayed pressure urticaria. To evaluate and compare the involvement of granulated inflammatory cells in ...
Weng B X - - 1995
Pressures produced during a final impression have been discussed from the standpoint of where they should be applied and where they should be reduced. Areas of the edentulous mouth requiring little pressure are: the palate, residual ridges, and areas of easily displaced gingiva. More pressure is needed in the border ...
Mandich P - - 1995
Hereditary neuropathy with a liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by recurrent pressure palsies generally precipitated by minor trauma; weakness and paraesthesia usually improve and recover completely in a few months. By Southern blotting and fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis we confirm the presence of ...
Asai T - - 1995
We have studied 22 patients to examine whether or not cricoid pressure affects ventilation of the lungs via the laryngeal mask and its correct positioning. In a randomized, crossover design, the laryngeal mask was inserted with or without cricoid pressure applied with a standardized force of 30 N using a ...
Allman K G - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of upper airway obstruction associated with the application of cricoid pressure (Sellick's maneuver) by experienced anesthetists. DESIGN: Randomized, blinded study. SETTING: Anesthetic rooms at John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Fifty ASA I patients undergoing routine general anesthesia for elective surgery requiring tracheal ...
Reidenbach M M - - 1995
The subglottic regions of 54 human adult male and female larynges were studied with regard to anatomical aspects of postintubational stenosis. Fourteen specimens were impregnated with curable polymers and cut into 600-800 microns sections along different planes. Forty formalin-fixed hemilarynges were dissected. Measurements of the upper cricoid lamina and the ...
Nakashima K - - 1994
In order to clarify the basic histopathological effect of a denture prosthesis on the denture supporting tissues, a new experimental appliance was developed. The denture base was designed to make contact with palatal mucosa of the experimental animal without any mechanical pressure and transmit no occlusal force to the mucosa. ...
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