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Mbah Jonathan J Department of Chemical Engineering, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aims at characterizing the vapor pressure signatures generated by triacetone triperoxide (TATP) that was synthesized without recrystallization by thermogravimmetric analysis (TGA) for exploitation by standoff detection technologies of explosive devices. The thermal behavior of the nonrecrystallized sample was compared with reported values. Any phase change, melting point and ...
Mizuhashi Fumi F Department of Removable Prosthodontics, The Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Niigata, Niigata, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in mouthguard thickness according to the method used to form the mouthguard sheet in a combination vacuum-pressure former. The material used in this study was a mouthguard sheet of 3.8-mm ethylene vinyl acetate. Three forming methods were used: vacuum-forming, vacuum-pressure-forming, and ...
Guiducci Lorenzo L Department of Biomaterials, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam, Germany - - 2014
The seed capsule of Delosperma nakurense is a remarkable example of a natural hygromorph, which unfolds its protecting valves upon wetting to expose its seeds. The beautiful mechanism responsible for this motion is generated by a specialized organ based on an anisotropic cellular tissue filled with a highly swelling material. ...
Guessous Idris I Unit of Population Epidemiology, Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care and Emergency Medicine, University Hospital of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1205, Geneva, Switzerland, - - 2014
The relationship between blood pressure (BP) and coffee is of major interest given its widespread consumption and the public health burden of high BP. Yet, there is no specific recommendation regarding coffee intake in existing hypertension guidelines. The lack of a definitive understanding of the BP-coffee relationship is partially attributable ...
Protz Kerstin K Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Institut für Versorgungsforschung in der Dermatologie und bei Pflegeberufen, CWC - Comprehensive Wound Center, - - 2014
Compression bandaging is the most prevalent form of treatment for venous leg ulcers. Successful treatment requires knowledge of the appropriate materials and the ability to employ them following current guidelines. This study investigates German health-care providers for their knowledge of bandage materials and their practical ability in applying short-stretch compression ...
Shandera-Ochsner Anne L AL Department of Neurology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
As an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, hypertension risks are often thought to be more prevalent in Appalachian mountain ranges when compared with other neighboring counterpart regions. This study evaluated blood pressure (BP) readings among 2358 Kentucky residents attending community stroke risk screening events held in 15 ...
Zhou Xiaoyu X Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, 206 S. Martin Jischke Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. - - 2014
Mass spectrometers are complex instrumentation systems where ions are transferred though different pressure regions and mass-analyzed under high vacuum. In this work, we have investigated the impact of the gas flows that exit almost universally in all pressure regions. We developed a method that incorporates the dynamic gas field with ...
Baumann Dominik D Department Chemie, Lehrstuhl für Anorganische Festkörperchemie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5-13, 81377 München (Germany) - - 2014
Coordination numbers higher than usual are often associated with superior mechanical properties. In this contribution we report on the synthesis of the high-pressure polymorph of highly condensed phosphorus nitride imide P4 N6 (NH) representing a new framework topology. This is the first example of phosphorus in trigonal-bipyramidal coordination being observed ...
Bolino Mark C - - 2014
This study seeks to identify workplace conditions that influence the degree to which employees feel worn out, tired, or on edge attributed to engaging in organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and also how this phenomenon, which we refer to as citizenship fatigue, is associated with future occurrences of OCB. Using data ...
Fitch Jayne E JE Environment Agency, Kingfisher House, Goldhay Way, Peterborough PE2 5ZR, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sustainable exploitation of coastal ecosystems is facilitated by tools which allow reliable assessment of their response to anthropogenic pressures. The Infaunal Quality Index (IQI) and Multivariate-AMBI (M-AMBI) were developed to classify the ecological status (ES) of benthos for the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The indices respond reliably to the impacts ...
O'Meara Simon S Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK. - - 2014
Laboratory measurements of vapour pressures for atmospherically relevant compounds were collated and used to assess the accuracy of vapour pressure estimates generated by seven estimation methods and impacts on predicted secondary organic aerosol. Of the vapour pressure estimation methods that were applicable to all the test set compounds, the Lee-Kesler ...
Bing Sen S aDepartment of Cardiology, Second Hospital of Xi'an City bDepartment of Cardiology, Xi'an Honghui Hospital cDepartment of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital dSchool of Undergraduate eSchool of Public Health, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an fDepartment of Cardiology, 117 Hospital of PLA, Hangzhou, - - 2014
The study aimed to determine the accuracy of the fully automated oscillometric upper-arm blood pressure (BP) monitor Pangao PG-800B11 according to the European Society of Hypertension-International Protocol (ESH-IP) revision 2010 and the British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocol 1993. Data from 33 participants were initially examined according to the ESH-IP revision ...
Mohr M M Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, St. Luke's Campus, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK; Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Faculty of Natural and Health Sciences, University of the Faroe Islands, Torshavn, Faroe - - 2014
The present study examined the effects of short-term recreational football training on blood pressure (BP), fat mass, and fitness in sedentary, 35-50-year-old premenopausal women with mild hypertension. Forty-one untrained, hypertensive women were randomized into a football training group (n = 21; FTG) and a control group (n = 20; CON). FTG performed 45 ± 1 1-h ...
Ahad Abdul A Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Abstract Context: Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are some of the most commonly prescribed medications for hypertension. Objective: Most of all conventional dosage forms of ARBs and ACEIs undergo extensive first-pass metabolism, which significantly reduces bioavailability. Majority of ARBs and ACEIs are inherently short acting due ...
Wang Xiaoli X Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Linyi University, Linyi 276005, People's Republic of - - 2014
Alkali metal azides can be used as starting materials in the synthesis of polymeric nitrogen, a potential high-energy-density material. The structural evolutionary behaviors of nitrogen in CsN3 have been studied up to 200 GPa using particle swarm optimization structure search combining with density functional theory. Three stable new phases with ...
Wallwiener Christian W CW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tübingen, Calwerstr. 7, 72076, Tübingen, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to systematically investigate under standardized experimental conditions the effects of instrument contamination and wear on the quality of bipolar vessel sealing (BVS) achieved using a reusable instrument. The study was designed as a prospective, randomized, and controlled in vitro study and conducted in an ...
Medvedev S A SA Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, D-01187 Dresden, - - 2014
The structural properties and electrical resistivity of homogeneous mixed-valent EuNi2P2 are studied at pressures up to 45 GPa. No structural phase transition is observed in the whole pressure range and the overall pressure behavior of the structural parameters is similar to that of related compounds in the collapsed tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure. ...
Fujiwara K K R&D Group, R&D Center, Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd., 322 Furukawa-cho, Hazukashi, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 612-8486, - - 2014
A classical molecular dynamics simulation was conducted for a system composed of fluid molecules between two planar solid surfaces, and whose interactions are described by the 12-6 Lennard-Jones form. This paper presents a general description of the pressure components and interfacial tension at a fluid-solid interface obtained by the perturbative ...
Ortiz Aurélie U - - 2014
Metal-organic frameworks demonstrate a wide variety of behaviors in their response to pressure, which can be classified in a rather limited list of categories, including anomalous elastic behavior (e.g. negative linear compressibility, NLC), transitions between crystalline phases, and amorphization. Very few of these mechanisms involve bond rearrangement. Here, we report ...
Valverde Jose Manuel - - 2014
We analyze the role of limestone crystallinity on its CO_2 capture performance when subjected to carbonation/calcination cycles at conditions mimicking the Ca-looping (CaL) technology for post-combustion CO_2 capture. The behavior of raw and pretreated limestones (milled and thermally annealed) is investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) tests under realistic ...
Han Xu - - 2014
The force dependence of the copper-free Huisgen cycloaddition between an alkyne and a surface-bound azide was examined in elastomeric nanoreactors, and these studies revealed that pressure and chain length are critical factors that determine the reaction rate. These experiments demonstrate the central role of pressure and surface structure on interfacial ...
Marques Francine Z - - 2014
The role of copy number variation (CNV) has been poorly explored in essential hypertension in part due to technical difficulties in accurately assessing absolute numbers of DNA copies. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) provides a powerful new approach to CNV quantitation. The aim of our study was to investigate whether CNVs ...
van Twist Daan J L DJ Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC+), Maastricht, The - - 2014
The rennin-angiotensin system plays an important role in cardiovascular disease via the production of angiotensin II. Over the past decades, however, more and more evidence has accumulated suggesting an important role for another angiotensin: Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)]. In this review, we discuss the recent findings on the effects of Ang-(1-7) and ...
Sison Jorge J Medical Center Manila, Manila, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The EXCITE (Clinical EXperienCe of amlodipine and valsarTan in hypErtension) study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness, tolerability and adherence of amlodipine/valsartan (Aml/Val) and amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (Aml/Val/HCT) single-pill combination therapies in patients with hypertension from the Middle East and Asia studied in routine clinical practice. Research design and methods: ...
Ermakova Olga O Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, al. Lotników 32/46, PL-02-668 Warsaw, - - 2014
α-SrSi2O2N2 is one of the recently studied oxonitridosilicates applicable in optoelectronics, in particular in white LEDs. Its elastic properties remain unknown. A survey of literature shows that, up to now, nine oxonitridosilicate materials have been identified. For most of these compounds, doped with rare earths and manganese, a luminescence has ...
Keranen K M KM Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. - - 2014
Unconventional oil and gas production provides a rapidly growing energy source; however, high-production states in the United States, such as Oklahoma, face sharply rising numbers of earthquakes. Subsurface pressure data required to unequivocally link earthquakes to injection are rarely accessible. Here we use seismicity and hydrogeological models to show that ...
Sparks Matthew A MA Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
The renin-angiotensin system has powerful effects in control of the blood pressure and sodium homeostasis. These actions are coordinated through integrated actions in the kidney, cardiovascular system and the central nervous system. Along with its impact on blood pressure, the renin-angiotensin system also influences a range of processes from inflammation ...
Campbell Norm R C NR aLibin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta bWorld Hypertension League, Burnaby, BC, - - 2014
This review demonstrates the need for enhancing strategic approaches to the prevention and control of hypertension, a global health issue. An epidemic of chronic noncommunicable diseases is threatening national healthcare systems' sustainability and the economy of many countries. Increased blood pressure is the leading risk for premature death and disability ...
Kim Kyung-Rok KR Department of Mechanical Engineering, KAIST, 305-701 Daejeon, South - - 2014
This paper presents a novel compact and controllable pneumatic generator that uses hydrogen peroxide decomposition. A fuel micro-injector using a piston-pump mechanism is devised and tested to control the chemical decomposition rate. By controlling the injection rate, the feedback controller maintains the pressure of the gas reservoir at a desired ...
Dengl Armin A 1. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart, - - 2014
The neutral-to-ionic phase transition in the mixed-stack charge-transfer complex tetrathiafulvalene-p-chloranil (TTF-CA) has been studied by pressure-dependent infrared spectroscopy up to p = 11 kbar and down to low temperatures, T = 10 K. By tracking the C=O antisymmetric stretching mode of CA molecules, we accurately determine the ionicity of TTF-CA in the ...
Hereu A A IRTA, Food Safety Programme, Finca Camps i Armet s/n, E-17121, - - 2014
Various predictive models are available for high pressure inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes in food, but currently available models do not consider the growth kinetics of surviving cells during the subsequent storage of products. Therefore, we characterised the growth of L. monocytogenes in sliced cooked meat products after a pressurization treatment. ...
Fikru Mahelet G MG Department of Economics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 500 W 13th St., Rolla, MO 65409, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper examines the different internal and external institutional factors that affect the decision of businesses in developing countries to adopt international certification (IC). Past studies focus on pressure from international laws, the role of multinationals, and businesses mimicking practices of their counterparts in developed countries. This paper finds that, ...
Ephraim Patti L PL Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Given their high rates of uncontrolled blood pressure, urban African Americans comprise a particularly vulnerable subgroup of persons with hypertension. Substantial evidence has demonstrated the important role of family and community support in improving patients' management of a variety of chronic illnesses. However, studies of multilevel interventions designed specifically to ...
Gramer Margit M KARL - FRANZENS - UNIVERSITÄT GRAZ, INSTITUT FÜR PSYCHOLOGIEUniversitätsplatz 2, 8010 Graz, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study investigated the moderating influence of relationship quality on the cardiovascular effects of social support during anticipation of, performance of, and recovery from an evaluative speaking task. Additionally, the generalizability of effects across different types of support was addressed. Sixty normotensive female students were assigned to one of ...
Azzellino Arianna A Politecnico di Milano, DICA, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133 Milano, Italy; Tethys Research Institute, viale Gadio, 2, 20121 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires the assessment of the environmental status in relation to human pressures. In this study the biodiversity of the cetacean community is proposed as MSFD descriptor of the environmental status and its link with anthropogenic pressures is investigated. Functional groups are generally favoured over ...
Pagliai Marco - - 2014
The equilibrium geometry structural and vibrational spectroscopic properties of fullerenes C60 and C70 under high pressure have been studied with a quantum-chemical computational approach in which ab initio calculations on a single fullerene molecule have been carried out within the polarizable continuum model framework to mimic pressure effects. The adopted ...
Dias Cristiano Luis - - 2014
Hydration effects on a pair of methane molecules are investigated by extensive constant-pressure (NPT) sampling using the TIP4P model of water under 1, 1000, 2000 and 3000 atm. The volume distributions of pure water and of methanes plus water are determined directly as functions of methane-methane distance ξ. The corresponding ...
Jocham Gerhard G FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom; Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two long-standing traditions have highlighted cortical decision mechanisms in the parietal and prefrontal cortices of primates, but it has not been clear how these processes differ, or when each cortical region may influence behaviour. Recent data from ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and posterior parietal cortex (PPC) have suggested one possible ...
Dustan Sarazan R R Data Sciences International (DSI), 119 14(th) St NW, Suite 100, St. Paul, MN 55112 - - 2014
In the early days of in vivo nonclinical pressure measurement, most laboratories were required to have considerable technical/engineering expertise to configure and maintain pressure transducers, amplifiers, tape recorders, chart recorders, etc. Graduate students and postdoctoral fellows typically had some training in the requirements and limitations of the technology they used ...
Garg Alka B AB High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra, - - 2014
We report a high-pressure experimental and theoretical investigation of the structural properties of zircon-type HoVO4. Angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction measurements were carried out under quasi-hydrostatic and partial non-hydrostatic conditions up to 28 and 23.7 GPa, respectively. In the first case, an irreversible phase transition is found at 8.2 GPa. In the second case, ...
Osório Jonas H - - 2014
In this paper the development of a side-hole photonic-crystal fiber (SH-PCF) pressure sensor for dual environment monitoring is reported. SH-PCF properties (phase and group birefringence, sensitivity to pressure variations) are measured and compared to simulated data. In order to probe two environments, two sections of the SH-PCF with different lengths ...
Knipfer T T Department of Viticulture and Enology, University of California, Davis. Electronic address: - - 2014
The cell-pressure-probe is a unique tool to study plant water relations in-situ. Inaccuracy in the estimation of cell volume (νo) is the major source of error in the calculation of both cell volumetric elastic modulus (ε) and cell hydraulic conductivity (Lp). Estimates of νo and Lp can be obtained with ...
Hou Chengyi C State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai, 201620, PR - - 2014
A facile and passive multiply flexible thin-film sensor is demonstrated based on thermoelectric effects in graphene. The sensor is highly conductive, free-standing, flexible, and elastic. It senses heat and cold, and measures heated/cooled areas; it also discerns human touch from other pressures, locates human touch, and measures pressure levels. All ...
Odili Augustine N AN Departments of aInternal Medicine bHuman Physiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria cThe Department of Family Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria dStudies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium eThe Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
In the ongoing Nigerian Population Research on Environment Gene and Health (NIPREGH), we are applying standardized epidemiologic methods to determine cardiovascular phenotypes including blood pressure (BP) among adult Black Africans of Nigerian origin. We present the quality control of the conventionally measured BP. BP observers were trained for 1 month ...
Wang Yan Y aShanghai Key Laboratory of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital bResearch Center for Hypertension Management and Prevention in Community, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine cXinzhuang Community Health Service Center, Shanghai, - - 2014
Several evidences have supported the benefits of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in improving hypertension awareness and control. However, little was known about the use of HBPM by hypertensive patients in primary care in China. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey on HBPM use was conducted on 1915 hypertensive patients in Xinzhuang ...
Kousera C A - - 2014
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is increasingly being developed for the diagnostics of arterial diseases. Imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT) and angiography are commonly used. However, these have limited spatial resolution and are subject to movement artifact. This study developed a new approach to generate CFD models by combining ...
Posadzki Paul P University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK; Liverpool John Moores University, UK; Rzeszow University, Rzeszow, Poland; Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
To critically evaluate the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment of hypertension. Seventeen databases were searched from their inceptions to January 2014. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included, if they evaluated yoga against any type of control in patients with any form of arterial hypertension. Risk of bias was estimated ...
Bi Chuan-Xing CX Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, Hefei University of Technology, 193 Tunxi Road, Hefei 230009, People's Republic of - - 2014
To extract the desired non-stationary sound field generated by a target source in the presence of disturbing sources, a real-time sound field separation method with pressure and particle acceleration measurements is proposed. In this method, the pressure and particle acceleration signals at a time instant are first measured on one ...
Thomas S S BPharm, PhD, Medical Device Consultancy, - - 2014
Objective: This study was undertaken to examine the accuracy of two hand-held devices commonly used to measure the pressures produced by extensible bandages. Method: The performance of the pneumatic sensors of two devices, the Kikuhime and Picopress instruments was first examined in air in a compression chamber, then subsequently beneath ...
Kjaergaard Peter C - - 2014
In the 1920s there were still very few fossil human remains to support an evolutionary explanation of human origins. Nonetheless, evolution as an explanatory framework was widely accepted. This led to a search for ancestors in several continents with fierce international competition. With so little fossil evidence available and the ...
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