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Gaudino Stefano S Department of Agriculture, Forest and Food Sciences, University of Turin, via L. Da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, TO, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dairy farms control an important share of the agricultural area of Northern Italy. Zero grazing, large maize-cropped areas, high stocking densities, and high milk production make them intensive and prone to impact the environment. Currently, few published studies have proposed indicator sets able to describe the entire dairy farm system ...
Chen Mengjiao M MOE Key Laboratory for Modern Teaching Technology and College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, 710062, - - 2014
Many receptors, including thermal receptors and mechanical receptors, are only activated by stimuli within a clearly defined range of intensities. Differences in the receptive ranges enable individual receptors and their sensory centers to precisely detect the intensity of the stimulus and changes in intensity. Baroreceptors are the sensory terminals of ...
Cox Jonathan T JT Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, 99352, - - 2014
Arrays of chemically etched emitters with individualized sheath gas capillaries were developed to enhance electrospray ionization (ESI) efficiency at subambient pressures. By incorporating the new emitter array in a subambient pressure ionization with nanoelectrospray (SPIN) source, both ionization efficiency and ion transmission efficiency were significantly increased, providing enhanced sensitivity in ...
Hobbs M L ML Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185, - - 2014
Ignition experiments from various sources, including our own laboratory, have been used to develop a simple four-step, pressure-dependent ignition model for PBX 9502, which is composed of 95% by mass triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) and a 5% by mass chlorotrifluoroethylene/vinylidine fluoride binder. The four-steps include drying, mono-furazan formation, and decomposition of mono-furazan ...
Erba A A Dipartimento di Chimica and Centre of Excellence NIS (Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces), Università di Torino, via Giuria 5, IT-10125 Torino, - - 2014
A computational strategy is devised for the accurate ab initio simulation of elastic properties of crystalline materials under pressure. The proposed scheme, based on the evaluation of the analytical stress tensor and on the automated computation of pressure-dependent elastic stiffness constants, is implemented in the CRYSTAL solid state quantum-chemical program. ...
Stankovich Joseph J JJ Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
A critical aspect in fast gradient separations carried out under constant pressure, in the very high pressure liquid chromatography (VHPLC) mode is that time-based chromatograms may not yield highly reproducible separations. A proposed solution to improve the reproducibility of these separations involves plotting the chromatograms as functions of the volume ...
Diogo H H University of Azores, Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, Rua Prof. Doutor Frederico Machado, 9901-862 Horta, - - 2014
Recreational inshore fishing activities practiced on Faial and Pico Islands (Azorean archipelago) were surveyed between October 2004 and September 2005. Recreational inshore fishers employ three main methods of fishing (shore angling, spear fishing and intertidal collecting). The method that demanded the highest fishing effort (number of fishing operations) was shore ...
Gong Jicheng - - 2014
Using a quasi-experimental opportunity offered by greatly restricted air pollution emissions during the Beijing Olympics compared to before and after the Olympics, we conducted the current study to compare ultrafine particles (UFPs) and fine particles (PM2.5) in their associations with biomarkers reflecting multiple pathophysiological pathways linking exposure and cardiorespiratory events. ...
Cao Qi-Long QL Key Laboratory of Computational Physics, Yibin University, Yibin 644000, - - 2014
Molecular dynamics simulations were applied to study the structural and transport properties, including the pair distribution function, the structure factor, the pair correlation entropy, self-diffusion coefficient, and viscosity, of liquid iron under high temperature and high pressure conditions. Our calculated results reproduced experimentally determined structure factors of liquid iron, and ...
Volpp Kevin G KG University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The Counseling African Americans to Control Hypertension (CAATCH) study by Ogedegbe et al in this issue of Circulation represents a carefully done study which had many strengths. It recognized that African Americans have the highest prevalence of hypertension (HTN)(1) and that poor hypertension-related outcomes explain most of the racial gap ...
Lerch Michael T MT Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA - - 2014
The dominance of a single native state for most proteins under ambient conditions belies the functional importance of higher-energy conformational states (excited states), which often are too sparsely populated to allow spectroscopic investigation. Application of high hydrostatic pressure increases the population of excited states for study, but structural characterization is ...
Hao Kun K State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Key Lab of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to establish an integrated indirect response pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model between telmisartan and hydrochlorothiazide to describe the antihypertensive interaction of these two drugs in spontaneously hypertensive rats. The blood pressure and plasma concentrations were measured by the tail-cuff test and high performance liquid chromatographyߝmass spectrometry, respectively, ...
Buser Jonas Y JY Eli Lilly & Company, LCC, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA. - - 2014
This communication describes an in situ method for direct observation and quantitation of dissolved H2 at high pressure with concurrent monitoring and characterization of organic reactions. This capability also allows for direct measurement of kLa values and provides insight into reactions that was not previously attainable.
Möller Johannes J Fakultät Physik/DELTA, TU Dortmund, Maria-Goeppert-Mayer-Str. 2, D-44221 Dortmund, - - 2014
We present a study on ion specific effects on the intermolecular interaction potential V(r) of dense protein solutions under high hydrostatic pressure conditions. Small-angle X-ray scattering in combination with a liquid-state theoretical approach was used to determine the effect of structure breaking/making salt anions (Cl(-), SO4(2-), PO4(3-)) on the intermolecular ...
Anchala Raghupathy R aDepartment of Public Health & Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Wort's Causeway, Cambridge, UK bPublic Health Foundation of India, Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, India cDepartment of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands dCentre for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, - - 2014
A region-specific (urban and rural parts of north, east, west, and south India) systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension among Indian patients have not been done before. Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus databases from 1950 to 30 April 2013 were searched for 'prevalence, ...
do Lago Claudimir Lucio CL Departamento de Química Fundamental-Instituto de Química-Universidade de São Paulo, Av., Prof. Lineu Prestes, 748, CEP 05508-000, São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
Electrospray ionization (ESI) sources continuously consume the liquid at the tip of the capillary, which causes the dragging of the BGE. The laminar nature of this flow causes the broadening of the peaks and loss of separation efficiency. The usual solution for this problem is to compensate this phenomenon by ...
Graziano Giuseppe G Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie, Università del Sannio, Via Port'Arsa 11, 82100 Benevento, - - 2014
At room temperature, the Ben-Naim standard hydration Gibbs energy of methane is a positive quantity that increases markedly with hydrostatic pressure [M. S. Moghaddam and H. S. Chan, J. Chem. Phys. 126, 114507 (2007)]. This finding is rationalized by showing that the magnitude of the reversible work to create a ...
Fairclough Stephen H SH School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
A study was conducted to investigate the potential of mood induction via music to influence cardiovascular correlates of negative emotions experience during driving behaviour. One hundred participants were randomly assigned to one of five groups, four of whom experienced different categories of music: High activation/positive valence (HA/PV), high activation/negative valence ...
Ihmsen Markus M University of Freiburg, - - 2014
We propose a novel formulation of the projection method for Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). We combine a symmetric SPH pressure force and an SPH discretization of the continuity equation to obtain a discretized form of the pressure Poisson equation (PPE). In contrast to previous projection schemes, our system does consider ...
Carlson Debra J DJ School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, - - 2014
To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis quantifying the effects of isometric resistance training on the change in systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure in subclinical populations and to examine whether the magnitude of change in SBP and DBP was different with respect to blood ...
Cugmas Blaž - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Review of the existing studies on the contact pressure-induced changes in the optical properties of biological tissues showed that the reported changes in transmittance, reflectance, absorption, and scattering coefficient are vastly inconsistent. In order to gain more insight into the contact pressure-induced changes observed in biomedical applications involving common ...
Tyagi Anupama - - 2014
Lifestyle modification is a cornerstone of hypertension (HPT) treatment, yet most recommendations currently focus on diet and exercise and do not consider stress reduction strategies. Yoga is a spiritual path that may reduce blood pressure (BP) through reducing stress, increasing parasympathetic activation, and altering baroreceptor sensitivity; however, despite reviews on ...
Clark Molly S - - 2014
Presents a 55-word story about time, pressure, and responsibility. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
Roehr Charles Christoph CC Neonatal Research Unit, The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medical Centre, Berlin, - - 2014
Resuscitation guidelines recommend 90 chest compressions (CCs) and 30 inflations (INFs) per minute for neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (nCPR). We hypothesised that auditory prompts would help coordinate these actions. Our aim was to investigate the effect of musical prompts during nCPR training on adherence to recommended CC and INF rates and ...
Bengtsson Ulrika U Institute of Health and Care Science, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , - - 2014
Low adherence remains a struggle in hypertension management, despite improvement efforts. Presuming that increased patient participation is a possible approach, we collaborated with patients and healthcare professionals to design a self-report system to support self-management. The study aimed to explore and describe relevant aspects of hypertension and hypertension treatment, for ...
Xu Ke K The State Key Lab of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. xujianhong@tsinghua.edu.cn - - 2014
In this study, we developed a new method for the direct measurement of differential pressures in a co-flow junction microfluidic device using a Capillary Laplace Gauge (CLG). The CLG - used inside the microchannel device - was designed using a tapered glass-capillary set up in co-flow junction architecture with a ...
Giri Rajiv K RK University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
In bioreactor landfills, leachate recirculation can significantly affect the stability of landfill slope due to generation and distribution of excessive pore fluid pressures near side slope. The current design and operation of leachate recirculation systems do not consider the effects of heterogeneous and anisotropic nature of municipal solid waste (MSW) ...
Guennou Mael M Département Science et Analyse des Matériaux, CRP Gabriel Lippmann, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, - - 2014
The interaction of coexisting structural instabilities in multiferroic materials gives rise to intriguing coupling phenomena and extraordinarily rich phase diagrams, both in bulk materials and strained thin films. Here we investigate the multiferroic BiMnO3 with its peculiar 6s2 electrons and four interacting mechanisms: electric polarity, octahedra tilts, magnetism, and cooperative ...
Virdis Agostino A Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Results from recent observational studies conducted in our country and including approximately 160,000 patients with hypertension, reported that only 37 % of patients achieve effective blood pressure control under treatment. These data confirm that blood pressure control amongst the hypertensive population is still largely unsatisfactory in Italy. For this reason, the ...
Ceppatelli Matteo M ICCOM-CNR, Institute of Chemistry of OrganoMetallic Compounds, National Research Council of Italy, Via Madonna del Piano 10, I-50019, Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy; LENS, European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy, Via N. Carrara 1, I-50019, Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, - - 2014
The combined effect of high pressure and electronic photo-excitation has been proven to be very efficient in activating extremely selective polymerisations of small unsaturated hydrocarbons in diamond anvil cells (DAC). Here we report an ambient temperature, large volume synthesis of high density polyethylene based only on high pressure (0.4-0.5 GPa) ...
Zoellner Jamie - - 2014
The effectiveness of community-based participatory research (CBPR) efforts to address the disproportionate burden of hypertension among African Americans remains largely untested. The objective of this 6-month, noncontrolled, pre-/post-experimental intervention was to examine the effectiveness of a CBPR intervention in achieving improvements in blood pressure, anthropometric measures, biological measures, and diet. ...
Hartmann J-M JM Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA), CNRS (UMR 7583), Universités Paris-Est Créteil et Paris Diderot, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Université Paris-Est Créteil, 94010 Créteil Cedex, - - 2014
The infrared absorption in the fundamental band of CO gas confined in porous silica xerogel has been recorded at room temperature for pressures between about 5 and 920 hPa using a high resolution Fourier transform spectrometer. The widths of individual lines are determined from fits of measured spectra and compared ...
Benet Arnau A Skull Base and Cerebrovascular Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; - - 2014
Object Surgical simulation using postmortem human heads is one of the most valid strategies for neurosurgical research and training. The authors customized an embalming formula that provides an optimal retraction profile and lifelike physical properties while preventing microorganism growth and brain decay for neurosurgical simulations in cadavers. They studied the ...
Efthimiopoulos Ilias - - 2014
The high-pressure structural and vibrational properties of Bi2S3 have been probed up to 65 GPa with a combination of experimental and theoretical methods. The ambient-pressure Pnma structure is found to persist up to 50 GPa; further compression leads to structural disorder. Closer inspection of our structural and Raman spectroscopic results ...
Heyes D M DM Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, United - - 2014
Various formulas for the local pressure tensor based on a spherical subvolume of radius, R, are considered. An extension of the Method of Planes (MOP) formula of Todd et al. [Phys. Rev. E 52, 1627 (1995)] for a spherical geometry is derived using the recently proposed Control Volume formulation [E. ...
Cioni Patrizia P Istituto di Biofisica, Sezione di Pisa, Area della Ricerca, CNR, via G. Moruzzi, 1, 56124, Pisa, - - 2014
The pressure-induced unfolding of the mutant C112S azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was monitored both under steady state and dynamic conditions. The unfolding profiles were obtained by recording the spectral shift of the fluorescence emission as well as by phosphorescence intensity measurements. We evaluated the difference in free energy, ΔG, as ...
Fraňová Miroslava Dékány MD Department of Chemical Physics and Optics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 3, Prague 2, CZ-12116, Czech - - 2014
The lateral pressure profile of lipid bilayers has gained a lot of attention, since changes in the pressure profile have been suggested to shift the membrane protein conformational equilibrium. This relation has been mostly studied with theoretical methods, especially with molecular dynamics simulations, since established methods to measure the lateral ...
Hallow Karen Melissa KM Novartis Pharmaceuticals - - 2014
Reproducibly differential responses to different classes of antihypertensive agents are observed among hypertensive patients, and may be due to interindividual differences in hypertension pathology. Computational models provide a tool for investigating the impact of underlying disease mechanisms on the response to antihypertensive therapies with different mechanisms of action. Here we ...
Devi Anastasia Fitria AF School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia; CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Werribee, VIC 3030, - - 2014
High pressure processing (HPP) can induce structure development in macromolecules which are distinct from those of conventional thermal treatments. Gelation properties of whey protein (5-20% w/w) upon 15min HPP at 600MPa and 5 or 30°C (initial sample temperatures) were examined in the presence and absence of 5% w/w gelatin. The ...
Mishra Sukhada - - 2014
FeSe has been an interesting member of the Fe-based superconductor family ever since the discovery of superconductivity in this simple binary chalcogenide. Simplicity of composition and ease of synthesis has made FeSe in particular, very lucrative as a test system to understand the unconventional nature of superconductivity, especially in low-dimensional ...
Stuiver Arjan A Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
With on-going increases in traffic density and the availability of more and more in-vehicle technology, driver overload is a growing concern. To reduce the burden of workload on the driver, it is essential that support systems become available are able to use estimations of drivers' workload. In this paper a ...
Dambacher Michael M Department of Psychology (Box D29), Universität Konstanz, Universitätsstr. 10, 78464, Constance, Germany, - - 2014
The negative correlation between speed and accuracy in perceptual decision making is often explained as a tradeoff, where lowered decision boundaries under time pressure result in faster but more error-prone responses. Corresponding implementations in sequential sampling models confirmed the success of this account, which has led to the prevalent assumption ...
Grasland-Mongrain Pol - - 2014
A Lorentz-force hydrophone consists of a thin wire placed inside a magnetic field. When under the influence of an ultrasound pulse, the wire vibrates and an electrical signal is induced by the Lorentz force, which is proportional to the pulse amplitude. In this study, a compact prototype of such a ...
Bregar Maksimilijan M University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Laboratory of Imaging Technologies, Tržaška cesta 25, 1000, Ljubljana, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Contact pressure induced by manually operated fiber optic probes can significantly affect the optical properties of the studied tissue. If the contact pressure and the changes in optical properties are measured properly, then the complementary information can be used to obtain additional insight into the tissue physiology. However, as ...
Cameron Michelle H MH Oregon Health & Science University-Neurology, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd L226, Portland, OR 97239. - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between subjective and objective measures of balance in multiple sclerosis (MS). In 54 subjects with MS, balance was measured objectively with the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) using dynamic posturography and subjectively with the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale and the Falls ...
Ma Chunhua C School of Nursing, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tests the effectiveness of motivational interviewing compared with the usual care for Chinese hypertensive patients. A randomised controlled trial was used. One hundred and twenty eligible participants were randomly assigned to either the control group (usual care group) or the intervention group (motivational interviewing group). The results of ...
Bowen Sean S Technical University of Denmark, Department of Electrical Engineering, Kgs. Lyngby, - - 2014
A systematic study of the performance of the dissolution process in dissolution-DNP is presented. A relatively simple set of modifications is made to the standard Hypersense dissolution system to enable polarization of large volume samples. These consist of a large volume sample cup along with supporting modifications to the dissolution ...
Raven Peter B PB Department of Integrative Physiology and Anatomy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Boulevard, Fort Worth, TX, 76107, USA, - - 2014
While the importance of regulating arterial blood pressure within a 'normal' range is widely appreciated, the definition of 'normal' and the means by which humans and other species regulate blood pressure under various conditions remain hotly debated. The effects of diverse physiological, pathological and environmental challenges on blood pressure and ...
Massé F F Laboratory of Movement Analysis and Measurement (LMAM) , EPFL, Lausanne, - - 2014
Despite its medical relevance, accurate recognition of sedentary (sitting and lying) and dynamic activities (e.g. standing and walking) remains challenging using a single wearable device. Currently, trunk-worn wearable systems can differentiate sitting from standing with moderate success, as activity classifiers often rely on inertial signals at the transition period (e.g. ...
Makhalov Vasiliy V Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, ulitsa Ulyanova 46, Nizhniy Novgorod, 603000, - - 2014
Using an ultracold gas of atoms, we have realized a quasi-two-dimensional Fermi system with widely tunable s-wave interactions nearly in a ground state. Pressure and density are measured. The experiment covers physically different regimes: weakly and strongly attractive Fermi gases and a Bose gas of tightly bound pairs of fermions. ...
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