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Guiducci Lorenzo L Department of Biomaterials, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam, Germany - - 2014
The seed capsule of Delosperma nakurense is a remarkable example of a natural hygromorph, which unfolds its protecting valves upon wetting to expose its seeds. The beautiful mechanism responsible for this motion is generated by a specialized organ based on an anisotropic cellular tissue filled with a highly swelling material. ...
Mohr M M Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, St. Luke's Campus, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK; Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Faculty of Natural and Health Sciences, University of the Faroe Islands, Torshavn, Faroe - - 2014
The present study examined the effects of short-term recreational football training on blood pressure (BP), fat mass, and fitness in sedentary, 35-50-year-old premenopausal women with mild hypertension. Forty-one untrained, hypertensive women were randomized into a football training group (n = 21; FTG) and a control group (n = 20; CON). FTG performed 45 ± 1 1-h ...
Medvedev S A SA Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, D-01187 Dresden, - - 2014
The structural properties and electrical resistivity of homogeneous mixed-valent EuNi2P2 are studied at pressures up to 45 GPa. No structural phase transition is observed in the whole pressure range and the overall pressure behavior of the structural parameters is similar to that of related compounds in the collapsed tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure. ...
Fujiwara K K R&D Group, R&D Center, Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd., 322 Furukawa-cho, Hazukashi, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 612-8486, - - 2014
A classical molecular dynamics simulation was conducted for a system composed of fluid molecules between two planar solid surfaces, and whose interactions are described by the 12-6 Lennard-Jones form. This paper presents a general description of the pressure components and interfacial tension at a fluid-solid interface obtained by the perturbative ...
Ortiz Aurélie U - - 2014
Metal-organic frameworks demonstrate a wide variety of behaviors in their response to pressure, which can be classified in a rather limited list of categories, including anomalous elastic behavior (e.g. negative linear compressibility, NLC), transitions between crystalline phases, and amorphization. Very few of these mechanisms involve bond rearrangement. Here, we report ...
Valverde Jose Manuel - - 2014
We analyze the role of limestone crystallinity on its CO_2 capture performance when subjected to carbonation/calcination cycles at conditions mimicking the Ca-looping (CaL) technology for post-combustion CO_2 capture. The behavior of raw and pretreated limestones (milled and thermally annealed) is investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) tests under realistic ...
Han Xu - - 2014
The force dependence of the copper-free Huisgen cycloaddition between an alkyne and a surface-bound azide was examined in elastomeric nanoreactors, and these studies revealed that pressure and chain length are critical factors that determine the reaction rate. These experiments demonstrate the central role of pressure and surface structure on interfacial ...
Marques Francine Z - - 2014
The role of copy number variation (CNV) has been poorly explored in essential hypertension in part due to technical difficulties in accurately assessing absolute numbers of DNA copies. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) provides a powerful new approach to CNV quantitation. The aim of our study was to investigate whether CNVs ...
van Twist Daan J L DJ Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC+), Maastricht, The - - 2014
The rennin-angiotensin system plays an important role in cardiovascular disease via the production of angiotensin II. Over the past decades, however, more and more evidence has accumulated suggesting an important role for another angiotensin: Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)]. In this review, we discuss the recent findings on the effects of Ang-(1-7) and ...
Sison Jorge J Medical Center Manila, Manila, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The EXCITE (Clinical EXperienCe of amlodipine and valsarTan in hypErtension) study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness, tolerability and adherence of amlodipine/valsartan (Aml/Val) and amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (Aml/Val/HCT) single-pill combination therapies in patients with hypertension from the Middle East and Asia studied in routine clinical practice. Research design and methods: ...
Ermakova Olga O Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, al. Lotników 32/46, PL-02-668 Warsaw, - - 2014
α-SrSi2O2N2 is one of the recently studied oxonitridosilicates applicable in optoelectronics, in particular in white LEDs. Its elastic properties remain unknown. A survey of literature shows that, up to now, nine oxonitridosilicate materials have been identified. For most of these compounds, doped with rare earths and manganese, a luminescence has ...
Keranen K M KM Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. - - 2014
Unconventional oil and gas production provides a rapidly growing energy source; however, high-production states in the United States, such as Oklahoma, face sharply rising numbers of earthquakes. Subsurface pressure data required to unequivocally link earthquakes to injection are rarely accessible. Here we use seismicity and hydrogeological models to show that ...
Sparks Matthew A MA Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
The renin-angiotensin system has powerful effects in control of the blood pressure and sodium homeostasis. These actions are coordinated through integrated actions in the kidney, cardiovascular system and the central nervous system. Along with its impact on blood pressure, the renin-angiotensin system also influences a range of processes from inflammation ...
Campbell Norm R C NR aLibin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta bWorld Hypertension League, Burnaby, BC, - - 2014
This review demonstrates the need for enhancing strategic approaches to the prevention and control of hypertension, a global health issue. An epidemic of chronic noncommunicable diseases is threatening national healthcare systems' sustainability and the economy of many countries. Increased blood pressure is the leading risk for premature death and disability ...
Dengl Armin A 1. Physikalisches Institut, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart, - - 2014
The neutral-to-ionic phase transition in the mixed-stack charge-transfer complex tetrathiafulvalene-p-chloranil (TTF-CA) has been studied by pressure-dependent infrared spectroscopy up to p = 11 kbar and down to low temperatures, T = 10 K. By tracking the C=O antisymmetric stretching mode of CA molecules, we accurately determine the ionicity of TTF-CA in the ...
Hereu A A IRTA, Food Safety Programme, Finca Camps i Armet s/n, E-17121, - - 2014
Various predictive models are available for high pressure inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes in food, but currently available models do not consider the growth kinetics of surviving cells during the subsequent storage of products. Therefore, we characterised the growth of L. monocytogenes in sliced cooked meat products after a pressurization treatment. ...
Fikru Mahelet G MG Department of Economics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 500 W 13th St., Rolla, MO 65409, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper examines the different internal and external institutional factors that affect the decision of businesses in developing countries to adopt international certification (IC). Past studies focus on pressure from international laws, the role of multinationals, and businesses mimicking practices of their counterparts in developed countries. This paper finds that, ...
Ephraim Patti L PL Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Given their high rates of uncontrolled blood pressure, urban African Americans comprise a particularly vulnerable subgroup of persons with hypertension. Substantial evidence has demonstrated the important role of family and community support in improving patients' management of a variety of chronic illnesses. However, studies of multilevel interventions designed specifically to ...
Gramer Margit M KARL - FRANZENS - UNIVERSITÄT GRAZ, INSTITUT FÜR PSYCHOLOGIEUniversitätsplatz 2, 8010 Graz, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study investigated the moderating influence of relationship quality on the cardiovascular effects of social support during anticipation of, performance of, and recovery from an evaluative speaking task. Additionally, the generalizability of effects across different types of support was addressed. Sixty normotensive female students were assigned to one of ...
Azzellino Arianna A Politecnico di Milano, DICA, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133 Milano, Italy; Tethys Research Institute, viale Gadio, 2, 20121 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires the assessment of the environmental status in relation to human pressures. In this study the biodiversity of the cetacean community is proposed as MSFD descriptor of the environmental status and its link with anthropogenic pressures is investigated. Functional groups are generally favoured over ...
Pagliai Marco - - 2014
The equilibrium geometry structural and vibrational spectroscopic properties of fullerenes C60 and C70 under high pressure have been studied with a quantum-chemical computational approach in which ab initio calculations on a single fullerene molecule have been carried out within the polarizable continuum model framework to mimic pressure effects. The adopted ...
Dias Cristiano Luis - - 2014
Hydration effects on a pair of methane molecules are investigated by extensive constant-pressure (NPT) sampling using the TIP4P model of water under 1, 1000, 2000 and 3000 atm. The volume distributions of pure water and of methanes plus water are determined directly as functions of methane-methane distance ξ. The corresponding ...
Jocham Gerhard G FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom; Center for Behavioral Brain Sciences, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two long-standing traditions have highlighted cortical decision mechanisms in the parietal and prefrontal cortices of primates, but it has not been clear how these processes differ, or when each cortical region may influence behaviour. Recent data from ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and posterior parietal cortex (PPC) have suggested one possible ...
Dustan Sarazan R R Data Sciences International (DSI), 119 14(th) St NW, Suite 100, St. Paul, MN 55112 - - 2014
In the early days of in vivo nonclinical pressure measurement, most laboratories were required to have considerable technical/engineering expertise to configure and maintain pressure transducers, amplifiers, tape recorders, chart recorders, etc. Graduate students and postdoctoral fellows typically had some training in the requirements and limitations of the technology they used ...
Garg Alka B AB High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra, - - 2014
We report a high-pressure experimental and theoretical investigation of the structural properties of zircon-type HoVO4. Angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction measurements were carried out under quasi-hydrostatic and partial non-hydrostatic conditions up to 28 and 23.7 GPa, respectively. In the first case, an irreversible phase transition is found at 8.2 GPa. In the second case, ...
Osório Jonas H - - 2014
In this paper the development of a side-hole photonic-crystal fiber (SH-PCF) pressure sensor for dual environment monitoring is reported. SH-PCF properties (phase and group birefringence, sensitivity to pressure variations) are measured and compared to simulated data. In order to probe two environments, two sections of the SH-PCF with different lengths ...
Knipfer T T Department of Viticulture and Enology, University of California, Davis. Electronic address: - - 2014
The cell-pressure-probe is a unique tool to study plant water relations in-situ. Inaccuracy in the estimation of cell volume (νo) is the major source of error in the calculation of both cell volumetric elastic modulus (ε) and cell hydraulic conductivity (Lp). Estimates of νo and Lp can be obtained with ...
Hou Chengyi C State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai, 201620, PR - - 2014
A facile and passive multiply flexible thin-film sensor is demonstrated based on thermoelectric effects in graphene. The sensor is highly conductive, free-standing, flexible, and elastic. It senses heat and cold, and measures heated/cooled areas; it also discerns human touch from other pressures, locates human touch, and measures pressure levels. All ...
Odili Augustine N AN Departments of aInternal Medicine bHuman Physiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria cThe Department of Family Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria dStudies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium eThe Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
In the ongoing Nigerian Population Research on Environment Gene and Health (NIPREGH), we are applying standardized epidemiologic methods to determine cardiovascular phenotypes including blood pressure (BP) among adult Black Africans of Nigerian origin. We present the quality control of the conventionally measured BP. BP observers were trained for 1 month ...
Wang Yan Y aShanghai Key Laboratory of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital bResearch Center for Hypertension Management and Prevention in Community, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine cXinzhuang Community Health Service Center, Shanghai, - - 2014
Several evidences have supported the benefits of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in improving hypertension awareness and control. However, little was known about the use of HBPM by hypertensive patients in primary care in China. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey on HBPM use was conducted on 1915 hypertensive patients in Xinzhuang ...
Kousera C A - - 2014
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is increasingly being developed for the diagnostics of arterial diseases. Imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT) and angiography are commonly used. However, these have limited spatial resolution and are subject to movement artifact. This study developed a new approach to generate CFD models by combining ...
Posadzki Paul P University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK; Liverpool John Moores University, UK; Rzeszow University, Rzeszow, Poland; Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
To critically evaluate the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment of hypertension. Seventeen databases were searched from their inceptions to January 2014. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included, if they evaluated yoga against any type of control in patients with any form of arterial hypertension. Risk of bias was estimated ...
Bi Chuan-Xing CX Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, Hefei University of Technology, 193 Tunxi Road, Hefei 230009, People's Republic of - - 2014
To extract the desired non-stationary sound field generated by a target source in the presence of disturbing sources, a real-time sound field separation method with pressure and particle acceleration measurements is proposed. In this method, the pressure and particle acceleration signals at a time instant are first measured on one ...
Thomas S S BPharm, PhD, Medical Device Consultancy, - - 2014
Objective: This study was undertaken to examine the accuracy of two hand-held devices commonly used to measure the pressures produced by extensible bandages. Method: The performance of the pneumatic sensors of two devices, the Kikuhime and Picopress instruments was first examined in air in a compression chamber, then subsequently beneath ...
Kjaergaard Peter C - - 2014
In the 1920s there were still very few fossil human remains to support an evolutionary explanation of human origins. Nonetheless, evolution as an explanatory framework was widely accepted. This led to a search for ancestors in several continents with fierce international competition. With so little fossil evidence available and the ...
Das Banibrata B Department of Physiology, South Calcutta Girls' College, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India, - - 2014
The brick field industry is one of the oldest industries in India, which employs a large number of workers of poor socioeconomic status. The main aim of the present investigation is i) to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among brick field workers, ii) to determine the prevalence of respiratory ...
Marczinski Cecile A CA Department of Psychological Science, Northern Kentucky University , Highland Heights, - - 2014
Background: Energy drinks and energy shots are popular consumer beverages that are advertised to increase feelings of alertness. Typically, these products include high levels of caffeine, a mild psychostimulant drug. The scientific evidence demonstrating the specific benefits of energy products to users in terms of subjective state and objective performance ...
Parati Gianfranco G aAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 bAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 cAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 dAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 eAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 fAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 gAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 hAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 iAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 jAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 kAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 lAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 mAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 nAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 oAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 pAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 qAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 rAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 sAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 tAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 uAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 vAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 wAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 xAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 yAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 zAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 aaAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 abAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 acAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 adAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 aeAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 afAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 agAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 ahAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 aiAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 ajAuthor affiliations are listed on the Journal website, http://links.lww.com/HJH/A366 *Gianfranco Parati, George Stergiou and Eoin O'Brien contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Given the increasing use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in both clinical practice and hypertension research, a group of scientists, participating in the European Society of Hypertension Working Group on blood pressure monitoring and cardiovascular variability, in year 2013 published a comprehensive position paper dealing with all aspects of ...
Budge Stephanie L SL Educational and Counseling Psychology, Counseling, and College Student Personnel Department, College of Education and Human Development, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, 40292, USA, - - 2014
Sexual pressure can have detrimental effects to individuals both physically and emotionally; however, research in this area is lacking regarding the experiences by lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and questioning (LGBQ) women. This online study qualitatively examined sexual pressure experienced and explained by LGBQ women (n = 50) using grounded theory methodology. Participants ...
Tivay Ali A Amirkabir University of Technology, Mechanical Engineering Department, 424 Hafez Ave., Tehran 15875-4413, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The electro-hydraulic servo system (EHSS) demonstrates a relatively low level of efficiency compared to other available actuation methods. The objective of this paper is to increase this efficiency by introducing a variable supply pressure into the system and controlling this pressure during the task of position tracking. For this purpose, ...
Cendales Boris B Psychology Department, Universidad de Los Andes, - - 2014
The research aim was to predict the bus operators' blood pressure (BP) and psychological strain using a combination of the Job-Demand Control (JDC) and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models. The study was conducted with a sample of 139 bus operators in the city of Bogotá (Colombia), who answered a questionnaire that ...
Bautista-Carbajal Gustavo G Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, 09340 México, Distrito Federal, Mexico and Academia de Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México, 07160 México, Distrito Federal, - - 2014
We report the phase diagram of two-dimensional hard ellipses as obtained from replica exchange Monte Carlo simulations. The replica exchange is implemented by expanding the isobaric ensemble in pressure. The phase diagram shows four regions: isotropic, nematic, plastic, and solid (letting aside the hexatic phase at the isotropic-plastic two-step transition ...
Garg Amanmeet A Simon Fraser - - 2014
The cardiovascular system has been observed to respond to changes in human posture and the environment. On the same lines, frequent fallers have been observed to suffer from cardiovascular deficits. The present paper aims to demonstrate the existence of interactions between the cardiovascular and postural control systems. The behaviour of ...
Iwelunmor Juliet - - 2014
In West Africa, hypertension, once rare, has now emerged as a critical health concern and the trajectory is upward and factors are complex. The true magnitude of hypertension in some West African countries, including in-depth knowledge of underlying risk factors is not completely understood. There is also a paucity of ...
Laborde Sylvain S German Sport University, Performance Psychology, Am Sportpart Müngersdorf, 6, Cologne, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was twofold: first, to examine the influence of decision reinvestment on decision-making performance using an option-generation task, and second to investigate its neurophysiological basis with heart rate variability. Forty-two male participants performed an option-generation task (i.e., where participants are required to generate their own options ...
Eldridge James A JA Callaghan Innovation, 69 Gracefield Road, PO Box 31310, Lower Hutt 5040, New Zealand; The MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington 6140, New Zealand; School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington 6140, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Modern resistive pulse sensing techniques can be used to measure nanoparticle electrophoretic mobility, and hence ζ-potential. In contrast to conventional light scattering methods, resistive pulse sensing produces particle-by-particle data. We have used tunable resistive pulse sensing (TRPS) to compare methods for measuring the ζ-potential of carboxylated polystyrene nanoparticles. The five ...
Beshara Abdelhamid A Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom; Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21544, - - 2014
Spent bleaching earth (SBE) is a waste generated by the edible oil industry that currently has limited options for beneficial reuse. In excess of ∼2 million tonnes per year of SBE is generated world-wide with major quantities available in the middle-east where significant volumes of edible oils are produced. Low ...
Dye Cheryl J CJ Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA - - 2014
Approximately two thirds of those older than 60 years have a hypertension diagnosis. The aim of our program, Health Coaches for Hypertension Control, is to improve hypertension self-management among rural residents older than 60 years through education and support offered by trained community volunteers called Health Coaches. Participants received baseline ...
Boman Kurt K Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Sweden - - 2014
We conducted a pilot trial of a remote blood pressure (BP) monitoring system, in which subjects measured their own BP at a primary healthcare centre. The data were wirelessly transmitted to the general practitioner. A total of 132 subjects with a new or prior diagnosis of hypertension were enrolled. Their ...
Singh Karamjit K University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; HDR Engineering Inc., Jacksonville, FL, - - 2014
Waste hydraulic conductivity and anisotropy represent two important parameters controlling fluid movement in landfills, and thus are the key inputs in design methods where predictions of moisture movement are necessary. Although municipal waste hydraulic conductivity has been estimated in multiple laboratory and field studies, measurements of anisotropy, particularly at full ...
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