Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1976
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Mahmood Syed Esam - - 2013
Background: Hypertension is the most common disorder which is encountered in outdoor patients. The existing data suggests that there is an increase in the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension in India. The prevalence of hypertension will increase even further, unless broad and effective preventive measures are implemented. The main objective ...
Schücker Linda - - 2013
The self-focus theory of choking under pressure explains decreases in performance of well-learned motor tasks with an increase in skill-focused attention. This shift in attentional focus has been demonstrated; however, specific propositions about the processes in pressure-induced attentional shift are yet to be developed. This study assesses whether specific aspects ...
Rossi Amanda M - - 2013
Ever since the first set of hypertension recommendations which were generated from the Canadian Hypertension Education Program, lifestyle and health behaviour have been a key focus. An initial recommendation focused on the benefits of aerobic exercise to reduce resting blood pressure (BP). However, until the 2013 edition, resistance exercise (RT) ...
Le Ngoc Tuan - - 2013
The objective of this work was to optimize the ultrasound (US) pretreatment of sludge. Three types of sewage sludge were examined: mixed, secondary and secondary after partial methanisation ("digested" sludge). Thereby, several main process parameters were varied separately or simultaneously: stirrer speed, total solid content of sludge (TS), thermal operating ...
Cirillo Massimo - - 2013
The Gubbio Study is a prospective epidemiological study on the population residing in the city of Gubbio, Italy. Original objectives of the study were the control of hypertension and the role of cellular electrolyte handling in hypertension. Other objectives were added during the 30-year activity of the study. The original ...
de Lusignana Simon - - 2013
Strict control of systolic blood pressure is known to slow progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Here we compared audit-based education (ABE) to guidelines and prompts or usual practice in lowering systolic blood pressure in people with CKD. This 2-year cluster randomized trial included 93 volunteer general practices randomized into ...
Reineke Kai - - 2013
It is well known that spore germination and inactivation can be achieved within a broad temperature and pressure range. The existing literature, however, reports contradictory results concerning the effectiveness of different pressure-temperature combinations and the underlying inactivation mechanism(s). Much of the published kinetic data are prone to error as a ...
Boden Jane - - 2013
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) offers patients the hope that they may have a child and provides the primary motivation for treatment. Despite the treatment failure, for many, the hope of conception remains. The decision to abandon treatment is momentous, especially for those couples with a diagnosis of unexplained infertility. The ...
Coulon Sandra M SM Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Barnwell College, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. - - 2013
High blood pressure disproportionately affects African-American adults and is a leading cause of stroke and heart attack. Engaging in recommended levels of physical activity reduces blood pressure, and social and physical environmental supports for physical activity may increase engagement in physical activity. Based on social cognitive theory within a bioecological ...
Ahmad Sharifah Mumtazah Syed - - 2013
This article presents an analysis of handwritten signature dynamics belonging to two authentication groups, namely genuine and forged signature samples. Genuine signatures are initially classified based on their relative size, graphical complexity, and legibility as perceived by human examiners. A pool of dynamic features is then extracted for each signature ...
Jones Antwan - - 2013
Demographic and epidemiologic research suggest that cardiovascular illness is negatively linked to socioeconomic status and positively related to racial residential segregation. Relying on 2005 data from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Survey and the American Community Survey, this study examines how segregation and SES (individual and metropolitan) impact hypertension for ...
Pfeiffer H - - 2013
High-pressure investigations of phospholipids at low degrees of hydration are highly important due to the continuous interest in hydration related phenomena. This is for instance the case when discussing differences between the molecular behaviour under hydrostatic or hydration pressure, e.g. to characterise the structural and thermodynamic conditions that hold for ...
Minina E - - 2013
We investigate the influence of dimensionality of a sample on the properties of magnetic dipolar soft spheres. Molecular dynamics simulations and diagram expansion are employed to analyze the pressure and microscopic structure of model monodisperse magnetic fluids in a bulk and in a monolayer. We found that, for a broad ...
Ariyabuddhiphongs Vanchai - - 2013
Our study hypothesizes that Thai amateur golfers gamble on their game because of peer pressure and their golf self-efficacy. To support our hypothesis, we conducted a study to examine the mediating effect of golf self-efficacy on the peer pressure-golf gambling relationship among 387 amateur golfers in Thailand. Peer pressure was ...
Vargas-Ortiz M A - - 2013
Manila mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) have sensory characteristics that make them attractive for consumption as a fresh fruit. A large portion of the annual yield of this fruit is infested by the Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens), adversely impacting the quality of the crop. Hence, it is necessary to develop ...
Belletti N - - 2013
To quantify the inactivation of Serratia liquefaciens exerted by high pressure processing (HPP), slices of dry-cured ham were inoculated and processed combining different levels of technological parameters: pressure (347-852 MPa), time (2.3-15.8 min) and temperature (7.6-24.4 °C) according to a central composite design. Bacterial inactivation, as logarithmic reduction, indicated that S. liquefaciens was relatively ...
Cœugnet Stéphanie - - 2013
The purpose of this laboratory study was to investigate the influence of time pressure on the perception of speed and duration in driving situations. Participants provided estimations of speed and performed both productions and reproductions of time durations, based on traffic films. The experimental films were made from a driver's ...
Nolte Christoph - - 2013
Protected areas in tropical countries are managed under different governance regimes, the relative effectiveness of which in avoiding deforestation has been the subject of recent debates. Participants in these debates answer appeals for more strict protection with the argument that sustainable use areas and indigenous lands can balance deforestation pressures ...
Georgescu Irène - - 2013
Drawing upon role theory and the literature concerning unintended consequences of financial pressure, this study investigates the effects of health care decision pressure from the hospital's administration and from the professional peer group on physician's inclination to engage in up coding. We explore two kinds of up coding, information-related and ...
Cho K K George Institute for Global Health at Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, - - 2013
Few studies have been conducted on blood pressure monitors and their use at high altitude. This study is the first to evaluate the accuracy of an automatic blood pressure monitor in a high-altitude environment following a standard validation protocol. The Omron HEM-7201 upper arm blood pressure monitor was tested for ...
Murakami Hitoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUNDBlood pressure (BP) increase as a reaction to major disasters has been well documented; however, the impact has been underdocumented for tsunamis. This study aimed to confirm whether different levels of flooding/inundation and other damage caused by the 2011 Tohoku (northeast Japan) tsunami were associated with BP among resident victims ...
Dickson Robert C - - 2013
Diagnosis of hypertension, treatment, and follow-up depend on accurate measurement. This research study attempted to determine whether family physicians are all measuring blood pressure (BP) according to Canadian guidelines. A short survey was mailed to all physicians within the Department of Family Medicine, St. Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Fifty-one ...
Alison Laurence - - 2013
When individuals perceive time pressure, they decrease the generation of diagnostic hypotheses and prioritize information. This article examines whether individual differences in (a) internal time urgency, (b) experience, and (c) fluid mental ability can moderate these effects. Police officers worked through a computer-based rape investigative scenario, in which 35 were ...
Scott M - - 2013
This short addition to our series on clinical statistics concerns relationships, and answering questions such as "are blood pressure and weight related?" In a later article, we will answer the more interesting question about how they might be related. This article follows on logically from the previous one dealing with ...
Collins Fiona - - 2013
The Integrity Full Replacement Alternating Mattress, manufactured and distributed by Sumed, is an innovative alternative for those users who find conventional alternating pressure mattresses uncomfortable. The mattress is designed with smaller cells than conventional alternating mattresses and this has a number of benefits for the user, in that posture within ...
Zhang Meijia - - 2013
Big gap between experimental filtration resistance of cake layer formed on membrane surface and the hydraulic resistance calculated through the Carman-Kozeny equation, suggested the existence of a new membrane fouling mechanism: osmotic pressure during cake layer filtration in SMBR system. An osmotic pressure model based on chemical potential difference was ...
Oberg Erica B EB Bastyr University-California, San Diego, United - - 2013
Interest in case studies has undergone a resurgence concurrent with increasing prioritization of illustrations of patient-centered care. However, substantial inclusion of the patient in these reports remains limited. Here, a doctor and patient collaborate to present her case report of self-directed mindfulness training and the subsequent changes in blood pressure, ...
Abascal Jose L F - - 2013
We investigate vapor bubble nucleation in metastable TIP4P/2005 water at negative pressure via the Mean First Passage Time (MFPT) technique using the volume of the largest bubble as a local order parameter. We identify the bubbles in the system by means of a Voronoi-based analysis of the molecular dynamics trajectories. ...
Ortiz Guillaume - - 2013
The "ZIF-8-water" system displays reproducible shock-absorber behaviour over several cycles with a stored energy of 13.3 J g(-1) and an energy yield close to 85%. The combination of the main features evidenced for ZIF-8, i.e. a quite low intrusion pressure and a high stored energy, opens a field for new ...
O'Callaghan Erin L - - 2013
Following its generation by both systemic and tissue-based renin-angiotensin systems, angiotensin II interacts with specific, G-protein coupled receptors to modulate multiple physiological systems, including the cardiovascular system. Genetic models in which the different components of the renin-angiotensin system have been deleted show large changes in resting blood pressure. Interruption of ...
Zawadzki Matthew J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to validate the ScottCare 320 ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM) using both group-level and individual-level validation procedures. The group-level validation followed a modified protocol of the European Hypertension Society's validation protocol. The individual-level validation was conducted to ensure that the monitor is valid ...
Bauchy M - - 2013
Topological rigid constraints can be computed rather simply with changing composition and temperature but their estimation remains challenging for other thermodynamic variables. Here, the investigation of densified silicate liquids from molecular dynamics simulations combined with an analysis of radial and angular atomic excursions allows defining a pressure dependence of such ...
Teixeira Barbara - - 2013
High pressure processing (HPP) is a technology of growing interest for food preservation, namely due to its ability to control the activity of degradative enzymes. The effect of three variables (pressure levels of 100, 250, and 400 MPa; pressure holding times of 0, 5, 15, and 30 min; and pressurization ...
Badrov Mark B - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether: (a) isometric handgrip (IHG) training lowers resting blood pressure (BP), (b) cardiovascular reactivity to a serial subtraction (SST), IHG (IHGT), and cold pressor (CPT) task predicts this hypotensive response, and (c) cardiovascular reactivity is attenuated posttraining. Resting BP and cardiovascular reactivity to a SST, ...
Stavrou Elissaios - - 2013
One of the fundamental open questions in condensed matter science is the origin of the unique universal characteristics of glasses. Among them, the Boson peak (BP) and the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) are directly related with the disordered nature of these solids. The lack of widely accepted understanding of ...
Campbell H M - - 2013
In this study, pressure-broadening parameters for several H2O transitions near 7180cm(-1) are obtained which describe collisions with (3)He and (4)He. The sensitivity of those parameters to choice of theoretical line profile (Galatry vs. Voigt) is investigated. H2O is an important species in atmospheric chemistry and astronomy. Because of this, basic ...
Kewalbansing Preschana V - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: High blood pressure (BP) is known to be the greatest modifiable risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, of which 80% occur in low-resource and middle-resource settings. Yet, BP measurement in these countries remains extremely poor. In 2005, a WHO committee invited manufacturers to produce devices especially for use in low-resource ...
Tsakiri Christina - - 2013
To investigate the implementation of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) guidelines, a phone survey was performed in 366 primary care physicians (PCPs). Of the PCPs, 90% routinely used HBPM for white-coat hypertension, treatment titration, and diagnosis. Thirty percent trusted HBPM more than office measurements. Reported drawbacks were questionable reliability of ...
Thongrong Cattleya - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize controversies and current concepts regarding the use of hypertonic saline during perioperative period in Neurosurgery. METHODS: Relevant literature was searched on Pubmed and Scopus electronic database to identify all studies that have investigated the use of hypertonic saline in Neurosurgery. RESULTS: Fluid management during the ...
Young Simon W - - 2013
The body exhaust suit (BES) of Charnley creates 'negative pressure' inside the gown using intake/outtake tubing. Modern 'space suit' (SS) systems incorporate helmet-based intake fans, which use the hood material as a filter and create 'positive pressure' inside the gown. While early studies of BES demonstrate a clear reduction in ...
Dynarowicz-Łątka Patrycja - - 2013
Binary Langmuir monolayers composed of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and erucylphosphocholine (ErPC) - a new generation anti-cancer drug of phospholipids-like structure, have been studied with classical Langmuir technique complemented with Brewster angle microscopy (BAM) and Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction (GIXD). In the course of surface pressure (π)-area (A) isotherms for film containing ...
Canvin Krysia - - 2013
PURPOSE: Informal practices aimed at managing psychiatric patients in the community setting fall outside legal and policy provision or guidance. "Leverage" is an informal practice whereby practitioners attempt to influence patients' treatment adherence by, for example, making patients' access to subsidised housing conditional upon adherence to treatment or by making ...
Fan Lingke - - 2013
The assessment of cerebrovascular regulatory mechanisms often requires flexibly controlled and precisely timed changes in arterial blood pressure (ABP) and/or inspired CO(2). In this study, a new system for inducing variations in mean ABP was designed, implemented and tested using programmable sequences and programmable controls to induce pressure changes through ...
Johnson Nils P - - 2013
This study sought to examine the clinical performance of and theoretical basis for the instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) approximation to the fractional flow reserve (FFR). Recent work has proposed iFR as a vasodilation-free alternative to FFR for making mechanical revascularization decisions. Its fundamental basis is the assumption that diastolic resting ...
Le Rolle Virginie - - 2013
In this paper, a mathematical model of the respiratory mechanics is used to reproduce experimental signal waveforms acquired from three newborn lambs. As the main challenge is to determine specific lamb parameters, a sensitivity analysis has been realized to find the most influent parameters, which are identified using an evolutionary ...
Grabovskis Andris - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Currently, photoplethysmography (PPG) is a frequently studied optical blood pulsation detection technique among biophotonic and biomedical researchers due to the fact that it shows high potential for estimating the arterial stiffness (AS). The extraction of diagnostically useful information requires standardized measurement procedure with good repeatability. However, the effects of ...
Geukes Katharina - - 2013
Trait activation theorists suggest that situational demands activate traits in (pressure) situations. In a comparison of situational demands of private (monetary incentive, cover story), mixed (monetary incentive, small audience), and public (large audience, video taping) high-pressure situations, we hypothesized that situational demands of private and mixed high-pressure conditions would activate ...
Pardy Steve - - 2013
According to Steve Pardy, a partner with consulting engineers, Zisman Bowyer & Partners, 'the issue of full compliance is challenging NHS Trusts with finances under pressure and ageing assets'. He examines compliance for ventilation systems, and asks whether it should indeed always be a requirement to attain full compliance when ...
Ichou Farid - - 2013
Control of the ion internal energy in mass spectrometry is needed to establish a workable mass spectral library. The purpose of this study is to understand and to compare the pressure effects on the collision-induced dissociation (CID) spectrum pattern recorded using triple quadrupole instruments. The monoprotonated Leucine enkephalin [YGGFL, H(+) ...
Sleight P - - 2013
Music goes back a very long way in human experience. Music therapy is now used in many disparate areas-from coronary care units to rehabilitation after a stroke. But its widespread adoption has a poor scientific evidence base, founded more on enthusiasm than on proper evaluation in any controlled way. This ...
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