Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1993
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Ikeyama Kazuyuki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that application of hydraulic pressure to cultured human keratinocytes induced elevation of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i ), but the absolute value of the pressure could not be determined. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the absolute value of pressure on keratinocytes and other skin cells. ...
Badrov Mark B - - 2013
Isometric handgrip (IHG) training lowers resting blood pressure (BP) in both hypertensives and normotensives, yet the effect of training dose on the magnitude of reduction and the mechanisms associated with the hypotensive response are elusive. We investigated, in normotensive women, the effects of two different doses of IHG training on ...
Kuruppu Dulanji - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Se is an antioxidant micronutrient and has been studied for its potential role in CVD prevention. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on the relationship between Se and hypertension. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed and OVID ...
Nelson Joan M - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate constructs from the theory of planned behavior (TPB, Ajzen 2002) - attitudes, sense of control, subjective norms and intentions - as predictors of accuracy in blood pressure monitoring. BACKGROUND: Despite numerous initiatives aimed at teaching blood pressure measurement techniques, many healthcare providers measure blood pressures ...
Kolling William M - - 2013
Objective. To assess the effectiveness of using a vapor pressure osmometer to measure the accuracy of pharmacy students' compounding skills. Design. Students calculated the theoretical osmotic pressure (mmol/kg) of a solution as a pre-laboratory exercise, compared their calculations with actual values, and then attempted to determine the cause of any ...
Chen Hongzhang - - 2013
A self-designed novel solid-state fermentation (SSF) bioreactor named "gas double-dynamic solid-state fermentation bioreactor (GDSFB)" showed great success in processes for the production of several valuable products. For the present study, a simple GDSFB (2 L in volume) was designed to investigate the impact of exhaust time on SSF performance. Both air ...
Cheng Tian-Le - - 2013
The self-assembly behavior of shape-anisotropic particles at curved fluid interfaces is computationally investigated by diffuse interface field approach (DIFA). A Gibbs-Duhem-type thermodynamic formalism is introduced to treat heterogeneous pressure within the phenomenological model, in agreement with Young-Laplace equation. Computer simulations are performed to study the effects of capillary forces (interfacial ...
Elliott William J - - 2013
Hypertension is an important public health problem both in the United States and worldwide, contributing to many forms of cardiovascular and renal diseases. Although great strides have been made in the proportion of the US population that achieves recommended blood pressure targets, many Americans still have undertreated and uncontrolled blood ...
Swann Alan C AC Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1941 East Road, Room 3216, Houston, TX 77054, USA. - - 2013
Rapid-response impulsivity, characterized by inability to withhold response to a stimulus until it is adequately appraised, is associated with risky behavior and may be increased in a state-dependent manner by norepinephrine. We assessed effects of yohimbine, which increases norepinephrine release by blocking alpha-2 noradrenergic receptors, on plasma catecholamine metabolites, blood ...
Joyner Michael J - - 2013
This focused review serves to explore relevant issues in regard to blood pressure regulation and by doing so, provides the initial stimulus paper for the Thematic Review series "Blood Pressure Regulation" to be published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology over the coming months. In this introduction, we highlight ...
Roskes Marieke - - 2013
Four experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that performance is particularly undermined by time pressure when people are avoidance motivated. The results supported this hypothesis across three different types of tasks, including those well suited and those ill suited to the type of information processing evoked by avoidance motivation. ...
Dey Zita Ranajoy - - 2013
Abstract Pressure mapping techniques are used in wheelchair and seating services to assess posture and assist in the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers. The Force Sensitive Application (FSA) pressure mapping systems in Wales have a high clinical use and frequent calibration is required. This project aimed to assess the ...
Chicote Juan C - - 2013
Principal component analysis and functional regression are combined in a model to analyze a time series of pressure maps. The model is tested measuring the pressures over a chair seat while a subject performs a combination of simple movements. A sampling rate of 3 Hz is adequate for applying the ...
Bapat Prasad N - - 2013
We report the effect of applied pressure on the dielectric properties of the B2 phase of a bent-core liquid crystal. This study on bent-core banana-shaped molecules shows that while the dielectric anisotropy hardly varies with pressure, the relaxation parameters associated with the rotation around the long axes of the molecules ...
Schücker Linda - - 2013
The self-focus theory of choking under pressure explains decreases in performance of well-learned motor tasks with an increase in skill-focused attention. This shift in attentional focus has been demonstrated; however, specific propositions about the processes in pressure-induced attentional shift are yet to be developed. This study assesses whether specific aspects ...
Mahmood Syed Esam SE Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital , Bareilly U.P. - 243006, India - - 2013
Hypertension is the most common disorder which is encountered in outdoor patients. The existing data suggests that there is an increase in the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension in India. The prevalence of hypertension will increase even further, unless broad and effective preventive measures are implemented. The main objective of ...
Rossi Amanda M - - 2013
Ever since the first set of hypertension recommendations which were generated from the Canadian Hypertension Education Program, lifestyle and health behaviour have been a key focus. An initial recommendation focused on the benefits of aerobic exercise to reduce resting blood pressure (BP). However, until the 2013 edition, resistance exercise (RT) ...
Le Ngoc Tuan - - 2013
The objective of this work was to optimize the ultrasound (US) pretreatment of sludge. Three types of sewage sludge were examined: mixed, secondary and secondary after partial methanisation ("digested" sludge). Thereby, several main process parameters were varied separately or simultaneously: stirrer speed, total solid content of sludge (TS), thermal operating ...
Cirillo Massimo - - 2013
The Gubbio Study is a prospective epidemiological study on the population residing in the city of Gubbio, Italy. Original objectives of the study were the control of hypertension and the role of cellular electrolyte handling in hypertension. Other objectives were added during the 30-year activity of the study. The original ...
de Lusignana Simon - - 2013
Strict control of systolic blood pressure is known to slow progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Here we compared audit-based education (ABE) to guidelines and prompts or usual practice in lowering systolic blood pressure in people with CKD. This 2-year cluster randomized trial included 93 volunteer general practices randomized into ...
Reineke Kai - - 2013
It is well known that spore germination and inactivation can be achieved within a broad temperature and pressure range. The existing literature, however, reports contradictory results concerning the effectiveness of different pressure-temperature combinations and the underlying inactivation mechanism(s). Much of the published kinetic data are prone to error as a ...
Boden Jane - - 2013
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) offers patients the hope that they may have a child and provides the primary motivation for treatment. Despite the treatment failure, for many, the hope of conception remains. The decision to abandon treatment is momentous, especially for those couples with a diagnosis of unexplained infertility. The ...
Coulon Sandra M SM Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Barnwell College, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. - - 2013
High blood pressure disproportionately affects African-American adults and is a leading cause of stroke and heart attack. Engaging in recommended levels of physical activity reduces blood pressure, and social and physical environmental supports for physical activity may increase engagement in physical activity. Based on social cognitive theory within a bioecological ...
Ahmad Sharifah Mumtazah Syed - - 2013
This article presents an analysis of handwritten signature dynamics belonging to two authentication groups, namely genuine and forged signature samples. Genuine signatures are initially classified based on their relative size, graphical complexity, and legibility as perceived by human examiners. A pool of dynamic features is then extracted for each signature ...
Jones Antwan - - 2013
Demographic and epidemiologic research suggest that cardiovascular illness is negatively linked to socioeconomic status and positively related to racial residential segregation. Relying on 2005 data from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Survey and the American Community Survey, this study examines how segregation and SES (individual and metropolitan) impact hypertension for ...
Pfeiffer H - - 2013
High-pressure investigations of phospholipids at low degrees of hydration are highly important due to the continuous interest in hydration related phenomena. This is for instance the case when discussing differences between the molecular behaviour under hydrostatic or hydration pressure, e.g. to characterise the structural and thermodynamic conditions that hold for ...
Minina E - - 2013
We investigate the influence of dimensionality of a sample on the properties of magnetic dipolar soft spheres. Molecular dynamics simulations and diagram expansion are employed to analyze the pressure and microscopic structure of model monodisperse magnetic fluids in a bulk and in a monolayer. We found that, for a broad ...
Ariyabuddhiphongs Vanchai - - 2013
Our study hypothesizes that Thai amateur golfers gamble on their game because of peer pressure and their golf self-efficacy. To support our hypothesis, we conducted a study to examine the mediating effect of golf self-efficacy on the peer pressure-golf gambling relationship among 387 amateur golfers in Thailand. Peer pressure was ...
Vargas-Ortiz M A - - 2013
Manila mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) have sensory characteristics that make them attractive for consumption as a fresh fruit. A large portion of the annual yield of this fruit is infested by the Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens), adversely impacting the quality of the crop. Hence, it is necessary to develop ...
Belletti N - - 2013
To quantify the inactivation of Serratia liquefaciens exerted by high pressure processing (HPP), slices of dry-cured ham were inoculated and processed combining different levels of technological parameters: pressure (347-852 MPa), time (2.3-15.8 min) and temperature (7.6-24.4 °C) according to a central composite design. Bacterial inactivation, as logarithmic reduction, indicated that S. liquefaciens was relatively ...
Cœugnet Stéphanie - - 2013
The purpose of this laboratory study was to investigate the influence of time pressure on the perception of speed and duration in driving situations. Participants provided estimations of speed and performed both productions and reproductions of time durations, based on traffic films. The experimental films were made from a driver's ...
Nolte Christoph - - 2013
Protected areas in tropical countries are managed under different governance regimes, the relative effectiveness of which in avoiding deforestation has been the subject of recent debates. Participants in these debates answer appeals for more strict protection with the argument that sustainable use areas and indigenous lands can balance deforestation pressures ...
Georgescu Irène - - 2013
Drawing upon role theory and the literature concerning unintended consequences of financial pressure, this study investigates the effects of health care decision pressure from the hospital's administration and from the professional peer group on physician's inclination to engage in up coding. We explore two kinds of up coding, information-related and ...
Cho K K George Institute for Global Health at Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, - - 2013
Few studies have been conducted on blood pressure monitors and their use at high altitude. This study is the first to evaluate the accuracy of an automatic blood pressure monitor in a high-altitude environment following a standard validation protocol. The Omron HEM-7201 upper arm blood pressure monitor was tested for ...
Murakami Hitoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUNDBlood pressure (BP) increase as a reaction to major disasters has been well documented; however, the impact has been underdocumented for tsunamis. This study aimed to confirm whether different levels of flooding/inundation and other damage caused by the 2011 Tohoku (northeast Japan) tsunami were associated with BP among resident victims ...
Dickson Robert C - - 2013
Diagnosis of hypertension, treatment, and follow-up depend on accurate measurement. This research study attempted to determine whether family physicians are all measuring blood pressure (BP) according to Canadian guidelines. A short survey was mailed to all physicians within the Department of Family Medicine, St. Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Fifty-one ...
Alison Laurence - - 2013
When individuals perceive time pressure, they decrease the generation of diagnostic hypotheses and prioritize information. This article examines whether individual differences in (a) internal time urgency, (b) experience, and (c) fluid mental ability can moderate these effects. Police officers worked through a computer-based rape investigative scenario, in which 35 were ...
Scott M - - 2013
This short addition to our series on clinical statistics concerns relationships, and answering questions such as "are blood pressure and weight related?" In a later article, we will answer the more interesting question about how they might be related. This article follows on logically from the previous one dealing with ...
Collins Fiona - - 2013
The Integrity Full Replacement Alternating Mattress, manufactured and distributed by Sumed, is an innovative alternative for those users who find conventional alternating pressure mattresses uncomfortable. The mattress is designed with smaller cells than conventional alternating mattresses and this has a number of benefits for the user, in that posture within ...
Zhang Meijia - - 2013
Big gap between experimental filtration resistance of cake layer formed on membrane surface and the hydraulic resistance calculated through the Carman-Kozeny equation, suggested the existence of a new membrane fouling mechanism: osmotic pressure during cake layer filtration in SMBR system. An osmotic pressure model based on chemical potential difference was ...
Oberg Erica B EB Bastyr University-California, San Diego, United - - 2013
Interest in case studies has undergone a resurgence concurrent with increasing prioritization of illustrations of patient-centered care. However, substantial inclusion of the patient in these reports remains limited. Here, a doctor and patient collaborate to present her case report of self-directed mindfulness training and the subsequent changes in blood pressure, ...
Abascal Jose L F - - 2013
We investigate vapor bubble nucleation in metastable TIP4P/2005 water at negative pressure via the Mean First Passage Time (MFPT) technique using the volume of the largest bubble as a local order parameter. We identify the bubbles in the system by means of a Voronoi-based analysis of the molecular dynamics trajectories. ...
Ortiz Guillaume - - 2013
The "ZIF-8-water" system displays reproducible shock-absorber behaviour over several cycles with a stored energy of 13.3 J g(-1) and an energy yield close to 85%. The combination of the main features evidenced for ZIF-8, i.e. a quite low intrusion pressure and a high stored energy, opens a field for new ...
O'Callaghan Erin L - - 2013
Following its generation by both systemic and tissue-based renin-angiotensin systems, angiotensin II interacts with specific, G-protein coupled receptors to modulate multiple physiological systems, including the cardiovascular system. Genetic models in which the different components of the renin-angiotensin system have been deleted show large changes in resting blood pressure. Interruption of ...
Zawadzki Matthew J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to validate the ScottCare 320 ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM) using both group-level and individual-level validation procedures. The group-level validation followed a modified protocol of the European Hypertension Society's validation protocol. The individual-level validation was conducted to ensure that the monitor is valid ...
Bauchy M - - 2013
Topological rigid constraints can be computed rather simply with changing composition and temperature but their estimation remains challenging for other thermodynamic variables. Here, the investigation of densified silicate liquids from molecular dynamics simulations combined with an analysis of radial and angular atomic excursions allows defining a pressure dependence of such ...
Teixeira Barbara - - 2013
High pressure processing (HPP) is a technology of growing interest for food preservation, namely due to its ability to control the activity of degradative enzymes. The effect of three variables (pressure levels of 100, 250, and 400 MPa; pressure holding times of 0, 5, 15, and 30 min; and pressurization ...
Badrov Mark B - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether: (a) isometric handgrip (IHG) training lowers resting blood pressure (BP), (b) cardiovascular reactivity to a serial subtraction (SST), IHG (IHGT), and cold pressor (CPT) task predicts this hypotensive response, and (c) cardiovascular reactivity is attenuated posttraining. Resting BP and cardiovascular reactivity to a SST, ...
Stavrou Elissaios - - 2013
One of the fundamental open questions in condensed matter science is the origin of the unique universal characteristics of glasses. Among them, the Boson peak (BP) and the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) are directly related with the disordered nature of these solids. The lack of widely accepted understanding of ...
Campbell H M - - 2013
In this study, pressure-broadening parameters for several H2O transitions near 7180cm(-1) are obtained which describe collisions with (3)He and (4)He. The sensitivity of those parameters to choice of theoretical line profile (Galatry vs. Voigt) is investigated. H2O is an important species in atmospheric chemistry and astronomy. Because of this, basic ...
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