Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1992
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Bottenberg Michelle M - - 2013
Objective. To compare student accuracy in measuring normal and high blood pressures using a simulator arm. Methods. In this prospective, single-blind, study involving third-year pharmacy students, simulator arms were programmed with prespecified normal and high blood pressures. Students measured preset normal and high diastolic and systolic blood pressure using a ...
Zvoriste-Walters C E - - 2013
The structural behaviour under compression of different lanthanide (La, Gd, Ho, Yb) and actinide (Am) monochalcogenides is studied by means of in situ high-pressure x-ray diffraction. All the investigated compounds crystallize at ambient conditions within a cubic (B1) NaCl-type structure but show different behaviours at high pressures. LaTe and AmTe ...
Ruiz-Rodríguez Juan C - - 2013
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a continuous non-invasive blood pressure (BP) monitoring system using photoplethysmography (PPG) technology through pulse oximetry (PO). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at a critical care department and post-anesthesia care unit of a university teaching hospital. Inclusion criteria were critically ill adult patients undergoing invasive ...
González-Varo Juan P JP Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Avda. Américo Vespucio, s/n, Isla de la Cartuja, 41092 Sevilla, Spain. - - 2013
Pollination is an essential process in the sexual reproduction of seed plants and a key ecosystem service to human welfare. Animal pollinators decline as a consequence of five major global change pressures: climate change, landscape alteration, agricultural intensification, non-native species, and spread of pathogens. These pressures, which differ in their ...
Olson Randal S RS Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. - - 2013
Swarming behaviours in animals have been extensively studied owing to their implications for the evolution of cooperation, social cognition and predator-prey dynamics. An important goal of these studies is discerning which evolutionary pressures favour the formation of swarms. One hypothesis is that swarms arise because the presence of multiple moving ...
Middleton S D - - 2013
The UK National Patient Safety Agency issued a rapid response report in 2009 following reports of complications related to digital tourniquet use and inadvertent retention. In their guidance, they recommend the use of CE marked digital tourniquets and advise against the use of surgical gloves. There are a number of ...
de Greeff Annemarie - - 2013
The Tensoval Duo Control II is an automated upper arm device that uses a combination of oscillometric and auscultatory technology to determine blood pressure noninvasively. The accuracy of this device was assessed according to the British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocol and the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010 ...
Hung P K - - 2013
We have studied the diffusion mechanism in silica liquid following a new approach where the diffusion rate is estimated via the rate of SiO x [Formula: see text] SiO x±1 and the mean square displacement of Si particles per SiO x [Formula: see text] SiO x±1 . Molecular dynamics simulation ...
Perez Edson V - - 2013
An instrument was built for the permeation testing of flat polymer membranes under pressures up to 3.0 MPa and temperatures up to 300 °C. The high pressure, high temperature cell uses aluminum tape and a graphite gasket to minimize the leak from the high pressure side to the low pressure side, ...
Seagle C T - - 2013
A near-normal visible reflectivity system was constructed for investigating the optical properties of materials at high pressure and temperatures. The system consists of focusing optics, spectrometers, and imaging cameras for use with a resistively-heated membrane-controlled diamond anvil cell (DAC). The DAC allows optical access on two sides: one dedicated to ...
Herbst Daniel P - - 2013
Improvements in micropore arterial line filter designs used for extracorporeal circulation are still needed because microbubbles larger than the rated pore sizes are being detected beyond the filter outlet. Linked to principles governing the function of micropore filters, fluid pressures contained in extracorporeal circuits also influence the behavior of gas ...
Okeahialam B N BN Department of Medicine, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. - - 2013
Hypertensives are screened for proteinuria largely to detect kidney involvement. In most reports from urban areas, the burden is considerable. We decided to see the scenario in a rural setting with the opportunity presented by our cardiovascular disease (CVD) survey of a rural area in North Central Nigeria. In 2008 ...
Koo Juny - - 2013
There seems to be a general relation between the standard Gibbs energy change of unfolding, ΔG°unf , of a protein and its affinity to aqueous-solid interfaces. So-called "hard" proteins (ΔG°unf is large) are found to adsorb less strongly to such interfaces than "soft" proteins (ΔG°unf is small). Here, we provide ...
Kebede Biniam T - - 2013
For the first time in literature, this study compares the process-induced chemical reactions in three industrially relevant green vegetables: broccoli, green pepper and spinach treated with thermal and high pressure high temperature (HPHT) processing. Aiming for a fair comparison, the processing conditions were selected based on the principle of equivalence. ...
Swiety-Pospiech A - - 2013
Broadband dielectric spectroscopy and pressure-temperature-volume methods are employed to investigate the effect of hydrostatic pressure on the conductivity relaxation time (τσ), both in the supercooled and glassy states of protic ionic liquid lidocaine hydrochloride monohydrate. Due to the decoupling between the ion conductivity and structural dynamics, the characteristic change in ...
McCarthy B M - - 2013
Pulse transit time (PTT) is defined as the time it takes the blood pressure (BP) wave to propagate from the heart to a specified point on the body. After an initial BP measurement, PTT can track BP over short periods of time. This paper evaluates two PTT algorithms: Chen's and ...
Ng Kim-Gau - - 2013
Standardized protocols for validating the clinical accuracy of noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) monitors have been available since 1987. Some of them were developed by standards bodies and others by professional organizations. They have been well-tested through use and progressively improved through multiple revisions; however, many methodological differences exist between them. ...
Mathern Ryan Michael - - 2013
Abstract This paper presents the designs of four low-cost and ruggedized biomedical devices, including a blood pressure monitor, thermometer, weighing scale and spirometer, designed for the East African context. The design constraints included a mass-production price point of $10, accuracy and precision comparable to commercial devices and ruggedness to function ...
Miller Scott F - - 2013
The model-based, rapid-prototyping-enabled design and manufacture of a pulsatile blood vessel (PBV) for high-fidelity mannequin-based clinical simulations is presented. The PBV presented here is a pressurized, flexible tube with alternating fluid pressure created by a pump to mimic the behavior of a human vessel in response to pulsatile pressure. The ...
Muntner Paul - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) is known to vary over time within individuals. Although variability between office visits has traditionally been regarded as a barrier to the accurate measurement of BP, several recent studies have reported strong associations between visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of BP and increased risk for cardiovascular outcomes. In this ...
Basiri Parsa Jalal - - 2013
A low pressure pilot scale hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) reactor with 30L volume, using fixed scrap iron sheets, as the heterogeneous catalyst, with no external source of H2O2 was devised to investigate the effects of operating parameters of the HC reactor performance. In situ generation of Fenton reagents suggested an induced ...
Loubeyre Louis - - 2013
Brillouin and Raman scattering experiments on methanol through its glass transition under pressure are reported. The Brillouin scattering data were analyzed using viscoelastic theory and a fit to the Vinet equation of state. The variation in the linewidth of the longitudinal acoustic mode with pressure shows a broad maximum centered ...
Yedukondalu N - - 2013
High pressure behavior of potassium chlorate (KClO3) has been investigated from 0 to 10 GPa by means of first principles density functional theory calculations. The calculated ground state parameters, transition pressure, and phonon frequencies using semiempirical dispersion correction scheme are in excellent agreement with experiment. It is found that KClO3 ...
Reynolds A M - - 2013
Composite correlated random walks have been posited has a strong alternative to Lévy walks as models of multi-scale forager movement patterns. Here it is shown that if plastic then intrinsic composite correlated random walks will under selection pressures evolve to resemble optimal Lévy walks when foraging is non-destructive. The fittest ...
Schlabs Thomas T Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California-San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California, USA. - - 2013
For future space exploration missions, it is important to determine the best method of simulating on Earth cardiovascular and biomechanical conditions for lunar and Martian gravities. For this purpose, we compared exercise performed within a lower body negative pressure (LBNP) and a lower body positive pressure (LBPP) chamber. Twelve subjects ...
Burtch Nicholas C - - 2013
Fundamental insight into how low pressure adsorption properties are affected by chemical functionalization is critical to the development of next-generation porous materials for postcombustion CO2 capture. In this work, we present a systematic approach to understanding low pressure CO2 affinity in isostructural metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) using molecular simulations and apply ...
de Groot Sonja - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of wheelchair mass, solid vs. pneumatic tires and tire pressure on physical strain and wheelchair propulsion technique. 11 Able-bodied participants performed 14 submaximal exercise blocks on a treadmill with a fixed speed (1.11m/s) within 3 weeks to determine the effect ...
Ji Fu-Hai - - 2013
Stroke volume variation (SVV) is a robust indicator of fluid responsiveness during volume change. We compared the sensibility of SVV by Vigileo/Flotrac to central venous pressure (CVP) when volume changes in patients undergoing intraoperative acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) and acute hypervolemic hemodilution (AHH). Forty patients were randomly divided into an ...
Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo Ricardo - - 2013
Background: Abnormal plantar pressures are the hallmark characteristic of several conditions and pathologic abnormalities. Pressure platforms allow for quick and accurate screening of patients and help guide clinical treatment. However, it is essential to evaluate the reliability and repeatability of these devices before making clinical decisions. The purpose of this ...
Chatzichristodoulou C - - 2013
An electrochemical test station capable of operating at pressures up to 100 bars and temperatures up to 400 °C has been established. It enables control of the partial pressures and mass flow of O2, N2, H2, CO2, and H2O in a single or dual environment arrangement, measurements with highly corrosive media, ...
Chen Li - - 2013
A sharp-interface immersed boundary lattice Boltzmann method (IBLBM) is developed to reduce spurious-pressure oscillations in moving boundary problems. We adopt a cut-cell-based method, i.e., the partially saturated computational cell method, because the primary cause of spurious-pressure oscillations is the failure to obey the geometric conservation law near the boundary in ...
Schmiedeberg Michael - - 2013
By using molecular-dynamics simulations, we determine the jamming phase diagrams at high densities for a bidisperse mixture of soft spheres that interact according to repulsive power-law pair potentials. We observe that the relaxation time varies nonmonotonically as a function of density at constant temperature. Therefore, the jamming phase diagrams contain ...
Sun Hui - - 2013
Growing environmental concerns and the need for better power balancing and frequency control have increased attention in renewable energy sources such as the reversible pump-turbine which can provide both power generation and energy storage. Pump-turbine operation along the S-shaped curve can lead to difficulties in loading the rejection process with ...
Habibi Ehsanollah - - 2013
Among the most important and effective factors affecting the efficiency of the human workforce are accuracy, promptness, and ability. In the context of promoting levels and quality of productivity, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exposure to noise on the rate of errors, speed of ...
Ford Michael T - - 2013
By drawing from theoretical perspectives suggesting that unfair conditions threaten fundamental psychological needs, perceived unfairness at work was proposed and tested as a predictor of resting blood pressure. As part of the Midlife Development in the United States Biomarkers project, participants completed questionnaires measuring perceived unfairness, self-esteem and coworker support. ...
Veríssimo Helena - - 2013
The concept of Ecological Potential was explored using the macrobenthic communities of the Mondego estuary (Portugal). Different scenarios (loss of a primary producer and intertidal habitat, and habitat modification due to hydromorphological changes and continued press perturbation) were tested to predict changes in the biology if hydromorphological pressures could be ...
De Somer F - - 2013
Based on their design, all membrane oxygenators generate a certain resistance to flow. In clinical practice, this resistance is calculated by measuring both blood flow and the pressure drop over the oxygenator. Historically, some designs, such as the Kolobow spiral coil oxygenator and the Cobe flat sheet oxygenator, had quite ...
Amaraesekera Bernard - - 2013
A robust, modular, semi-automated synthesis unit useful for conducting radiochemical reactions under pressurized conditions (up to ∼200psi [1.4MPa]) for the production of PET biomarkers has been developed. This compact unit (7.6cm×33.0cm×58.4cm) is capable of performing any single step reaction that is generally encountered in radiochemical syntheses, and multiple units can ...
Prigozhin Maxim B MB Department of Chemistry, Center for the Physics of Living Cells and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2013
Using a newly developed microsecond pressure-jump apparatus, we monitor the refolding kinetics of the helix-stabilized five-helix bundle protein λ*YA, the Y22W/Q33Y/G46,48A mutant of λ-repressor fragment 6-85, from 3 μs to 5 ms after a 1,200-bar P-drop. In addition to a microsecond phase, we observe a slower 1.4-ms phase during refolding ...
Dellarole Mariano - - 2013
The 2/2 hemoglobin of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002, GlbN, coordinates the heme iron with two histidines and exists either with a b heme or with a covalently attached heme. The binding of exogenous ligands displaces the distal histidine and induces a conformational rearrangement involving the reorganization of internal ...
Brook Robert D - - 2013
Many antihypertensive medications and lifestyle changes are proven to reduce blood pressure. Over the past few decades, numerous additional modalities have been evaluated in regard to their potential blood pressure-lowering abilities. However, these nondietary, nondrug treatments, collectively called alternative approaches, have generally undergone fewer and less rigorous trials. This American ...
Fallas Morgane M - - 2013
The influence of pressure on the retention of several types of solute, including acids, bases and neutrals, was studied by the use of restriction capillaries added to the end of various monomeric and polymeric octadecylsilyl-modified 5μm particle size columns. Although it appeared that certain polymeric columns could give somewhat greater ...
Pedrueza Esteban - - 2013
A study based on photoluminescence and absorption measurements as a function of temperature and pressure for PbSe nanocrystals with sizes in the range 3-13 nm reveals the influence of size quantum confinement on the observed variation. In the case of the temperature variation, the effective bandgap changes from showing a positive ...
Hikal Walid M - - 2013
We report the direct determination of vapor pressures and optical and thermodynamic parameters of powders of low-volatile materials in their vapor phase using a commercial UV/Vis spectrometer. This methodology is based on the linear proportionality between the density of the saturated gas of the material and the absorbance of the ...
Starr D E - - 2013
Heterogeneous chemical reactions at vapor/solid interfaces play an important role in many processes in the environment and technology. Ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) is a valuable tool to investigate the elemental composition and chemical specificity of surfaces and adsorbates on the molecular scale at pressures of up to 130 ...
Errandonea Daniel - - 2013
Zircon-type PrVO4 and SmVO4 have been studied by high-pressure Raman spectroscopy up to 17 GPa. The occurrence of phase transitions has been detected when compression exceeds 6 GPa. The transformations are not reversible. Raman spectra of the high-pressure phases show similarities with those expected for a monazite-type phase in PrVO4 ...
Liang Yang-Min - - 2013
Due to granule size, substrate and oxygen become limited in the core of granules leading to cell lysis at the core. Loss of granule stability is still a major barrier for practical application of AG. Compared to ambient pressure condition (AP), operation of AG under high pressure (HP) is a ...
Zhan Xiancheng - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To establish a new osmotic pressure measuring method with a wide measuring range. Method: The osmotic pressure of drug solutions is determined by measuring the relative air humidity in equilibrium with the solution. The freezing point osmometry is used as a control. Results: The data obtained by the ...
Yokokawa Fumiaki - - 2013
Introduction: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has long been established as a key pathway in the regulation of blood pressure and body fluid volume. The aspartic protease renin is responsible for the initial and rate-limiting step of the RAAS; hence inhibition of renin would favor an upstream blockade or modulation of ...
Wang Qiong - - 2013
How underwater diving effects the function of the arterial wall and the activities of endothelial cells is the focus of recent studies on decompression sickness. Here we describe an in vitro diving system constructed to achieve real-time monitoring of cell activity during simulated dives under fluorescent microscopy and confocal microscopy. ...
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