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Results 251 - 300 of 2019
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Yu Haimiao H School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, PR - - 2013
The death rate per million tons (DRPMT) is considered as the key index to the quality of coal mine safety management. The index for 2002-2011 revealed a marked improvement in China coal mine safety management during the 10-year period. However, when seasonally adjusted, the 2002-2011 fatality data showed a strong ...
Schinegger Rafaela - - 2013
We classified homogenous river types across Europe and searched for fish metrics qualified to show responses to specific pressures (hydromorphological pressures or water quality pressures) vs. multiple pressures in these river types. We analysed fish taxa lists from 3105 sites in 16 ecoregions and 14 countries. Sites were pre-classified for ...
Svarstad Bonnie L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness and sustainability of a 6-month Team Education and Adherence Monitoring (TEAM) intervention for black patients with hypertension in community chain pharmacies. DESIGN Cluster randomized trial. SETTING 28 chain pharmacies (14 TEAM and 14 control) in five Wisconsin cities from December 2006 to February 2009. PARTICIPANTS ...
Sikiru L - - 2013
Pulse pressure (PP), might be a stronger determinants of cardiovascular risk. To investigate the effect of interval training program on PP in subjects with hypertension. Two hundred and forty five male patients with mild to moderate (Systolic Blood Pressure [SBP] between 140-179 & Diastolic Blood Pressure [DBP] between 90-109 mmHg) ...
Leventer-Roberts Maya - - 2013
Resident physicians are at risk for increasing weight status given their changes in environment, resources, and stress level. To describe body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, eating habits, and physical activity during postgraduate training and to compare the findings to data for nationally matched controls. This was a combined cross-sectional ...
Rosselló Juan Manuel - - 2013
In this study we report several experimental and numerical results on the influence of static pressure (P_{0}) over the main parameters in single bubble sonoluminescence (SBSL), using a sulfuric acid aqueous solution (SA) with low concentrations of argon gas dissolved. Bifrequency driving was used in the experiments to enhance spatial ...
Binabaji Elaheh - - 2013
The behavior of monoclonal antibodies at high concentrations is important in downstream processing, drug formulation, and drug delivery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the osmotic pressure of a highly purified monoclonal antibody at concentrations up to 250 g/L over a range of pH and ionic strength, and in ...
Başnou Corina - - 2013
Land use and land cover change (LUCC) is an acknowledged cause of the current biodiversity crisis, but the link between LUCC and biodiversity conservation remains largely unknown at the regional scale, especially due to the traditional lack of consistent biodiversity data. We provide a methodological approach for assessing this link ...
Rader Florian F Heart Institute, Hypertension Center of Excellence, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, - - 2013
Black men have less physician contact than other groups and thus lower rates of hypertension treatment and control. In the Barber-Assisted Reduction in Blood Pressure among Ethnic Residents trial, hypertension control in 8 active-intervention barbershops where barbers offered blood pressure (BP) checks with haircuts and motivated black male patrons with ...
Dunlop Sally M - - 2013
The authors investigated the potential for antismoking advertising to generate interpersonal pressure on smokers to quit using the Cancer Institute NSW's Tobacco Tracking Survey, a telephone tracking survey of adult smokers conducted throughout the year with approximately 50 interviews per week (N = 5,448). The survey includes questions relating to recently broadcast ...
Guguchia Z - - 2013
The antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase transition temperature TN of EuTiO3 has been studied as a function of pressure p. The data reveal a nonlinear dependence of TN on p with TN increasing with increasing pressure. The exchange interactions exhibit an analogous dependence on p as TN (if the absolute value of ...
Sonneville C - - 2013
The in situ elastic and plastic behaviors of sodium aluminosilicate glasses with different degrees of depolymerization were analyzed using Brillouin spectroscopy. The observed elastic anomaly progressively vanished with depolymerization. The densification process appears to be different from that observed in pure silica glass. In the plastic regime of densified glasses ...
Wang Zuowei - - 2013
Fifty-three third and fourth graders from China participated in this study. Participants' working memory (WM) was assessed by the Automated Operation Span task. Then, they solved mental addition problems of different types under low- and high-pressure conditions. Performance was analysed as a function of pressure condition, working memory capacity, and ...
Lin Long - - 2013
We report an innovative, large-area, and self-powered pressure mapping approach based on the triboelectric effect, which converts the mechanical stimuli into electrical output signals. The working mechanism of the triboelectric active sensor (TEAS) was theoretically studied by both analytical method and numerical calculation to gain an intuitive understanding of the ...
Mundle Scott O C - - 2013
Processes that lead to pressure changes in closed experimental systems can dramatically increase the total uncertainty in enrichment factors (ε) based on headspace analysis and compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA). We report: (1) A new technique to determine ε values for non-isobaric processes, and (2) a general approach to evaluate the ...
Habasaki J - - 2013
Molecular dynamics simulations have been performed to study the structures along the pressure-volume diagram of network-glasses and melts exemplified by the lithium disilicate system. Experimentally, densification of the disilicate glass by elevated pressure is known and this feature is reasonably reproduced by the simulations. During the process of densification or ...
Pawlus S - - 2013
4-methyl-3-heptanol, a monohydroxy alcohol with a relatively small dielectric Debye process, is studied in wide ranges of temperature (143 K < T < 308 K) and pressure (0.1 MPa < p < 864 MPa). When monitored under isochronous conditions, i.e., focusing on constant relaxation times, as well as under isothermal ...
Meng Bin - - 2013
Surfactants exhibit maxima in their critical micelle concentrations upon application of hydrostatic pressure, which is attributable to changes in their volumes of micellization from positive to negative values with increasing pressure. We present a direct molecular simulation analysis of the volumes of micellization of an anionic, cationic, and nonionic surfactant ...
Landry Jayan Marie - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To determine the physiological and psychological effects of adding a Himalayan singing bowl (HSB) to a directed relaxation (DR) session. Design . Randomized crossover study. Setting . Community-based counseling practice. Subjects . Fifty-one participants completed two randomly assigned sessions beginning with either 12 minutes of HSB or ...
Xu L Y - - 2013
With the aim of preparing paper-based writing electronics, a kind of conductive pen was made with nano-silver ink as the conductive component and a rollerball pen as the writing implement. This was used to direct-write conductive patterns on Epson photo paper. In order to decrease the sintering temperature, pressure was ...
Kosty Jennifer A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Our objective was to determine whether there is variability in the foundational literature and across centers in how mean arterial blood pressure is measured to calculate cerebral perfusion pressure.METHODS:We reviewed foundational literature and sent an e-mail survey to members of the Neurocritical Care Society.RESULTS:Of 32 articles reporting cerebral perfusion pressure ...
Fulcher Lewis P LP Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403, USA. - - 2013
The classic work on laryngeal flow resistance by van den Berg et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 29, 626-631 (1957)] is revisited. These authors used a formula to summarize their measurements, and thus they separated the effects of entrance loss and pressure recovery from those of viscosity within the glottis. ...
Belonoshko Anatoly B - - 2013
We performed ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of the C2c and Cmca-12 phases of hydrogen at pressures from 210 to 350 GPa. These phases were predicted to be stable at 0 K and pressures above 200 GPa. However, systematic studies of temperature impact on properties of these phases have not been performed so ...
Gray Rob - - 2013
How is performance under pressure influenced by the history of events that precede it, and how does the pressure outcome influence the series of events that follow? A baseball batting simulation was used with college players to investigate these questions. In Experiment 1, the difficulty of the simulation was first ...
Schatschneider Bohdan - - 2013
Oligoacenes form a fundamental class of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) which have been extensively explored for use as organic (semi) conductors in the bulk phase and thin films. For this reason it is important to understand their electronic properties in the condensed phase. In this investigation, we use density functional ...
Lee Dong Woo - - 2013
We propose an advanced combinational microfluidic multiplexing method capable of increasing the number of addressable fluidic channels dramatically. Using only 4 control lines, the proposed advanced combinational multiplexer, utilizing two different levels of control pressure, could address up to 19 fluidic channels, which is at least two times larger than ...
Finkelstein Y - - 2013
We calculated the proton kinetic energies Ke(H) of ice under high pressures up to 63 GPa by assuming the harmonic approximation. The input measured optical frequencies of vibration, libration, and translation of ice VII versus pressure as well as the H2O geometry and the distances ROH necessary for calculating Ke(H) ...
Ihmsen Markus - - 2013
We propose a novel formulation of the projection method for Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). We combine a symmetric SPH pressure force and an SPH discretization of the continuity equation to obtain a discretized form of the pressure Poisson equation (PPE). In contrast to previous projection schemes, our system does consider ...
Schmid Martin - - 2013
In mechanically ventilated patients, Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV) has been shown to be a useful parameter to guide fluid management. We evaluated a real-time automated PPV-algorithm by comparing it to manually calculated PPV-values. In 10 critically ill patients, blood pressure was measured invasively (IBP) and non-invasively (CNAP(®) Monitor, CNSystems Medizintechnik, ...
Stern Ralph H RH Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2013
The Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) has published guidelines annually since 2000. The CHEP guidelines are a model of concise, comprehensive, up-to-date, evidence-rated guidelines for physicians who diagnose and treat hypertension. The guidelines address measurement of blood pressure and the definition of hypertension, secondary hypertension evaluation and treatment, and blood ...
Atkinson Greg - - 2013
In keeping with this review-series theme, we question whether the morning surge in blood pressure (MSBP) is a benign response to the physiological challenges during the first 3 h after waking, or is it clinically important? Therefore, we scrutinise the circadian-related mechanisms, the measurement methods and the prognostic value of the ...
Fernandes Paul G PG Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, UK. - - 2013
Analyses of global fish stocks paint a mixed picture of success, with some holding fishery management responsible for the poor status of many stocks [1-3] or predicting widespread collapse [1, 4]. Some suggest a stable [5] or improving situation [6] in certain jurisdictions. The debate is particularly polarized in the ...
Kanduč Matej - - 2013
Using the novel thermodynamic extrapolation technique in molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate the interaction between phospholipid bilayers subject to various boundary conditions that correspond to established experimental methods for the determination of pressure-distance curves: the osmotic stress method, the hydrostatic method, and the surface force apparatus method. We discuss the ...
Legrand Vincent - - 2013
The pressure dependencies of the lattice parameters of the spin transition compound [Fe(PM-BiA)2(NCS)2] have been derived from neutron powder diffraction measurements at low temperature. The study of the compound [Fe(PM-BiA)2(NCS)2]-pI has first confirmed the atypical spin crossover behaviour under pressure of this compound that shows a pressure induced structural transition ...
Zandavi S H - - 2013
The validity of thermodynamics at the nanoscale has been questioned, but we demonstrate that it can be applied to determine surface properties of a nonporous and of a mesoporous silica from the measured adsorption isotherms of three hydrocarbon vapors. These measurements give the total amount of vapor adsorbed and liquid ...
Korpinen Samuli - - 2013
The European seas are under anthropogenic pressures impacting the state of water quality, benthic habitats and species. The EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires the Member States to assess the impacts of pressures and make a programme of measures leading to good environmental status (GES) by 2020. This study ...
Castañón-Rodríguez J F - - 2013
High pressure processing (HPP) technology was used to modify the structural composition of sugarcane bagasse. The effect of pressure (0, 150 and 250MPa), time (5 and 10min) and temperature (25 and 50°C) as well as the addition of phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid and NaOH during the HPP treatment were assessed ...
Fang Weiwei - - 2013
A robust allylic palladium-NHC complex was developed and exhibited extremely high catalytic activity toward aminocarbonylation of various (hetero)aryl iodides under atmospheric carbon monoxide pressure, in which a broad range of secondary and primary amines were well tolerated. In addition, the concise synthesis of an anticancer drug tamibarotene was accomplished even ...
McManus R J - - 2013
Although self-monitoring of blood pressure is common among people with hypertension, little is known about how general practitioners (GPs) use such readings. This survey aimed to ascertain current views and practice on self-monitoring of UK primary care physicians. An internet-based survey of UK GPs was undertaken using a provider of ...
Lercher Peter P Division of Social Medicine, Medical University Innsbruck, Sonnenburgstrasse 16, A-6020 Innsbruck. Austria. - - 2013
Although the majority of studies on community noise levels and children's physiological stress responses are positive, effect sizes vary considerably, and some studies do not confirm these effects. Employing a contextual perspective congruent with soundscapes, a carefully constructed sample of children (N = 115, M = 10.1 yr) living in households in relatively high (>60 ...
Sbragaglia M - - 2013
We present a theory to obtain the pressure tensor for a class of nonideal multicomponent lattice Boltzmann models, thus extending the theory presented by X. Shan [Phys. Rev. E 77, 066702 (2008)] for single-component fluids. We obtain the correct form of the pressure tensor directly on the lattice and the ...
Liu Jiankun - - 2013
We conceived a set of physical model-based techniques to compute blood pressure (BP) from a standard oscillometric cuff pressure measurement. First, the cuff pressure measurement is represented with a physical model. Then, the model unknowns are determined from the measurement via a parametric, non-parametric or hybrid technique. Finally, the entire ...
Soylemez E - - 2013
It is well known that the environment in which micromechanical systems operate significantly affects their performance. It is, therefore, important to characterize micromachine behavior in environments where the humidity, pressure, and chemical composition of the ambient can be precisely controlled. Achieving such a level of environmental control presents significant challenges ...
Dias Ranga P RP Departments of Physics and Chemistry, Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, - - 2013
High pressure plays an increasingly important role in both understanding superconductivity and the development of new superconducting materials. New superconductors were found in metallic and metal oxide systems at high pressure. However, because of the filled close-shell configuration, the superconductivity in molecular systems has been limited to charge-transferred salts and ...
Cornelissen G - - 2013
On Sunday morning June 9, 2013, a legend and one of the greatest scientists of the 20th and 21st centuries left us. His close associates also lost a very dear friend and a mentor who never ceased to inspire. Franz Halberg's passing at 93.93 years of age (Franz always listed ...
Sharma Vivek Kumar - - 2013
Perceived stress is higher for students in various healthcare courses. Previous studies have shown that pranayama practice is beneficial for combating stress and improve cardiovascular functions but both fast and slow pranayama practice produce different physiological responses. Present study was conducted to compare the effects of commonly practiced slow and ...
Zhao Jinggeng - - 2013
High-pressure angle-dispersive X-ray diffraction experiments on iron-based superconductor Ce(O0.84F0.16)FeAs were performed up to 54.9 GPa at room temperature. A tetragonal to tetragonal isostructural phase transition starts at about 13.9 GPa, and a new high-pressure phase has been found above 33.8 GPa. At pressures above 19.9 GPa, Ce(O0.84F0.16)FeAs completely transforms to ...
Shockley Kristen M - - 2013
Work-family conflict, a prevalent stressor in today's workforce, has been linked to several detrimental consequences for the individual, including physical health. The present study extends this area of research by examining episodic work-family conflict in relation to objectively measured cardiovascular health indicators (systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate) ...
Picard Aude - - 2013
Microbial life has been prevailing in the biosphere for the last 3.8Ga at least. Throughout most of the Earth's history it has experienced a range of pressures; both dynamic pressure when the young Earth was heavily bombarded, and static pressure in subsurface environments that could have served as a refuge ...
Adnadjevic Djordje - - 2013
The threat of safety failure during use of potent actuators is a known problem. The use of such actuators in the field of pressure algometry requires adaptation of safety measures since stimulation is applied to human beings. This design provides an additional safety level required in the field of computer-controlled ...
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