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Results 201 - 250 of 1976
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Han Sanguk - - 2013
It is not unusual to observe that actual schedule and quality performances are different from planned performances (e.g., schedule delay and rework) during a construction project. Such differences often result in production pressure (e.g., being pressed to work faster). Previous studies demonstrated that such production pressure negatively affects safety performance. ...
Zhao Hong Jian - - 2013
The dependence of structural and magnetic properties of rare-earth orthoferrites (in their Pbnm ground state) on the rare-earth ionic radius is systematically investigated from first principles. The effects of this 'chemical pressure' on lattice constants, Fe-O bond lengths, Fe-O-Fe bond angles and Fe-O bond length splittings are all well reproduced ...
Franceschini Nora - - 2013
Hypertension is a complex trait that is influenced by both heritable and environmental factors. The search for genes accounting for the susceptibility to hypertension has driven parallel efforts in human research and in research using experimental animals in controlled environmental settings. Evidence from rodent models of genetic hypertension and human ...
Long Yun - - 2013
Experiments and simulations both suggest that the pressure experienced by an adsorbed phase confined within a carbon nanoporous material can be several orders of magnitude larger than the bulk phase pressure in equilibrium with the system. To investigate this pressure enhancement, we report a molecular-simulation study of the pressure tensor ...
Faucheur Séverine Le - - 2013
In the present review, key interactions between Hg and phytoplankton are described and discussed in order to highlight the role of phytoplankton in the biogeochemical cycle of Hg and to understand direct or indirect Hg effects on them. Phytoplankton are exposed to various Hg species in surface waters. By Hg ...
Bijlsma Merijn W - - 2013
To elucidate why pediatricians fail to diagnose childhood hypertension, with special emphasis on the use of blood pressure (BP) reference data. We hypothesized that pediatricians frequently omit BP measurements and do not routinely relate BP measurements to reference data. We conducted a multicenter survey on BP measurement among 197 participants. ...
Clayton Hilary M - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare forces and pressure profiles beneath a conventional dressage saddle with a beechwood spring tree and a treeless dressage saddle without a rigid internal support and incorporating large panels and a gullet. The null hypothesis was that there is no difference in the ...
Xi Jiahe - - 2013
The diastolic function (i.e., blood filling) of the left ventricle (LV) is determined by its capacity for relaxation, or the decay in residual active tension (AT) generated during systole, and its constitutive material properties, or myocardial stiffness. The clinical determination of these two factors (diastolic residual AT and stiffness) is ...
Amini Zhaleh N ZN From the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California - - 2013
Understanding the evolution of functional RNA molecules is important for our molecular understanding of biology. Here we tested experimentally how two evolutionary parameters, selection pressure and recombination, influenced the evolution of an evolving RNA population. This was done using four parallel evolution experiments that employed low or gradually increasing selection ...
Bowen Michael E - - 2013
Although telemedicine may help overcome geographic access barriers, it is unknown whether rural patients receive greater benefits. In a secondary analysis of 503 veterans participating in a hypertension telemedicine study, the authors hypothesized that patients with greater travel distances would have greater improvements in 18-month systolic blood pressure (SBP). Patients ...
Chavas Leonard Michel Gabriel - - 2013
The macromolecular crystallography (MX) beamline AR-NW12A is evolving from its original design of high-throughput crystallography to a multi-purpose end-station. Among the various options to be implemented, great efforts were made in making available high-pressure MX (HPMX) at the beamline. High-pressure molecular biophysics is a developing field that attracts the interest ...
Gordon Christopher James CJ From the Sydney Nursing School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2013
Mastery of auscultatory blood pressure is challenging for preregistration nursing students. This phenomenon has been attributed to the psychomotor skills required, knowledge about blood pressure measurement, and the teaching modality type. Most studies focus on developing blood pressure proficiency without determining the measurement accuracy. We sought to determine the efficacy ...
Verwijlen T - - 2013
Monolayers of surface active molecules or particles play an important role in biological systems as well as in consumer products. Their properties are controlled by thermodynamics as well as the mechanical properties of the interface itself. For insoluble species forming Langmuir monolayers, surface pressure-area isotherms are typically used to characterize ...
Dasilva Jack G - - 2013
The reversible hydrostatic pressure dependent DC magnetic behavior of the ferromagnetically ordered electron transfer salt [Fe(III)Cp2*](•+)[TCNE](•-) (Cp* = pentamethylcyclopentadienide; TCNE = tetracyanoethylene) was studied up to 12.2 kbar. A significant departure from the ambient pressure ferromagnetic behavior was observed under pressure. The temperature dependent magnetization data were typical of a ...
Diaz Keith M - - 2013
As the worldwide prevalence of hypertension continues to increase, the primary prevention of hypertension has become an important global public health initiative. Physical activity is commonly recommended as an important lifestyle modification that may aid in the prevention of hypertension. Recent epidemiologic evidence has demonstrated a consistent, temporal, and dose-dependent ...
van der Hoeven Niels V - - 2013
There are currently few recommendations on how to assess inter-arm blood pressure (BP) differences. The authors compared simultaneous with sequential measurement on mean BP, inter-arm BP differences, and within-visit reproducibility in 240 patients stratified according to age (<50 or ≥60 years) and BP (<140/90 mm Hg or ≥140/90 mm Hg). Three simultaneous ...
Garimella Sandilya - - 2013
The understanding of the gas dynamics of the atmospheric pressure interface is very important for the development of mass spectrometry systems with high sensitivity. While the gas flows at high pressure (>1 Torr) and low pressure (<10(-3) Torr) stages are relatively well understood and could be modeled using continuum and molecular flows, ...
Tanaka Takehiko - - 2013
Low-temperature and high-pressure experiments were performed with filled ice Ih structure of methane hydrate under 2.0-77.0 GPa and 30-300 K using diamond anvil cells and a helium-refrigeration cryostat. In situ X-ray diffractometry revealed distinct changes in the compressibility of the axial ratios of the host framework with pressure. Raman spectroscopy ...
Dutta Arindam - - 2013
Using different maximum-likelihood models of adaptive evolution, signatures of natural selective pressure, operating across the naphthalene family of dioxygenases, were examined. A lineage- and branch-site specific combined analysis revealed that purifying selection pressure dominated the evolutionary history of the enzyme family. Specifically, episodic positive Darwinian selection pressure, affecting only a ...
Davis John E - - 2013
Abstract Davis, John E., Dale R. Wagner, Jesssica Thorington, and Cory Schall. Orthostatic responses at 4860 m in low, moderate, and high altitude residents. High Alt Med Biol 14:000-000, 2013-This study evaluated the influence of altitude of residence on orthostatic responses when exposed to high altitude. Data collection took place at ...
Xi Yonghui - - 2013
Landfill gas emissions are recognized as one of the three major concerns in municipal solid waste landfills. There are many factors that affect the generation of landfill gas when the landfill is capped. In this article, a model has been developed based on the theory of porous media flow. The ...
Hattori Koji - - 2013
Cell-based assays are widely used in the various stages of drug discovery. Advances in microfluidic systems over the past two decades have enabled them to become a powerful tool for cell-based assays to achieve both reliability and high throughput. The interface between the micro-world and macro-world is important in industrial ...
Xavier Woorons - - 2013
This study used an innovative technique of pulse oximetry to investigate whether swimmers can train under hypoxic conditions through voluntary hypoventilation (VH). Ten trained subjects performed a front crawl swimming series with normal breathing (NB), VH at high (VHhigh) and low pulmonary volume (VHlow). Arterial oxygen saturation was continuously measured ...
Yu Haimiao - - 2013
The death rate per million tons (DRPMT) is considered as the key index to the quality of coal mine safety management. The index for 2002-2011 revealed a marked improvement in China coal mine safety management during the 10-year period. However, when seasonally adjusted, the 2002-2011 fatality data showed a strong ...
Schinegger Rafaela - - 2013
We classified homogenous river types across Europe and searched for fish metrics qualified to show responses to specific pressures (hydromorphological pressures or water quality pressures) vs. multiple pressures in these river types. We analysed fish taxa lists from 3105 sites in 16 ecoregions and 14 countries. Sites were pre-classified for ...
Svarstad Bonnie L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness and sustainability of a 6-month Team Education and Adherence Monitoring (TEAM) intervention for black patients with hypertension in community chain pharmacies. DESIGN Cluster randomized trial. SETTING 28 chain pharmacies (14 TEAM and 14 control) in five Wisconsin cities from December 2006 to February 2009. PARTICIPANTS ...
Rosselló Juan Manuel - - 2013
In this study we report several experimental and numerical results on the influence of static pressure (P_{0}) over the main parameters in single bubble sonoluminescence (SBSL), using a sulfuric acid aqueous solution (SA) with low concentrations of argon gas dissolved. Bifrequency driving was used in the experiments to enhance spatial ...
Sikiru L - - 2013
Pulse pressure (PP), might be a stronger determinants of cardiovascular risk. To investigate the effect of interval training program on PP in subjects with hypertension. Two hundred and forty five male patients with mild to moderate (Systolic Blood Pressure [SBP] between 140-179 & Diastolic Blood Pressure [DBP] between 90-109 mmHg) ...
Leventer-Roberts Maya - - 2013
Resident physicians are at risk for increasing weight status given their changes in environment, resources, and stress level. To describe body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, eating habits, and physical activity during postgraduate training and to compare the findings to data for nationally matched controls. This was a combined cross-sectional ...
Binabaji Elaheh - - 2013
The behavior of monoclonal antibodies at high concentrations is important in downstream processing, drug formulation, and drug delivery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the osmotic pressure of a highly purified monoclonal antibody at concentrations up to 250 g/L over a range of pH and ionic strength, and in ...
Başnou Corina - - 2013
Land use and land cover change (LUCC) is an acknowledged cause of the current biodiversity crisis, but the link between LUCC and biodiversity conservation remains largely unknown at the regional scale, especially due to the traditional lack of consistent biodiversity data. We provide a methodological approach for assessing this link ...
Rader Florian - - 2013
Black men have less physician contact than other groups and thus lower rates of hypertension treatment and control. In the Barber-Assisted Reduction in Blood Pressure among Ethnic Residents trial, hypertension control in 8 active-intervention barbershops where barbers offered blood pressure (BP) checks with haircuts and motivated black male patrons with ...
Dunlop Sally M - - 2013
The authors investigated the potential for antismoking advertising to generate interpersonal pressure on smokers to quit using the Cancer Institute NSW's Tobacco Tracking Survey, a telephone tracking survey of adult smokers conducted throughout the year with approximately 50 interviews per week (N = 5,448). The survey includes questions relating to recently broadcast ...
Guguchia Z - - 2013
The antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase transition temperature TN of EuTiO3 has been studied as a function of pressure p. The data reveal a nonlinear dependence of TN on p with TN increasing with increasing pressure. The exchange interactions exhibit an analogous dependence on p as TN (if the absolute value of ...
Sonneville C - - 2013
The in situ elastic and plastic behaviors of sodium aluminosilicate glasses with different degrees of depolymerization were analyzed using Brillouin spectroscopy. The observed elastic anomaly progressively vanished with depolymerization. The densification process appears to be different from that observed in pure silica glass. In the plastic regime of densified glasses ...
Wang Zuowei - - 2013
Fifty-three third and fourth graders from China participated in this study. Participants' working memory (WM) was assessed by the Automated Operation Span task. Then, they solved mental addition problems of different types under low- and high-pressure conditions. Performance was analysed as a function of pressure condition, working memory capacity, and ...
Lin Long - - 2013
We report an innovative, large-area, and self-powered pressure mapping approach based on the triboelectric effect, which converts the mechanical stimuli into electrical output signals. The working mechanism of the triboelectric active sensor (TEAS) was theoretically studied by both analytical method and numerical calculation to gain an intuitive understanding of the ...
Mundle Scott O C - - 2013
Processes that lead to pressure changes in closed experimental systems can dramatically increase the total uncertainty in enrichment factors (ε) based on headspace analysis and compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA). We report: (1) A new technique to determine ε values for non-isobaric processes, and (2) a general approach to evaluate the ...
Habasaki J - - 2013
Molecular dynamics simulations have been performed to study the structures along the pressure-volume diagram of network-glasses and melts exemplified by the lithium disilicate system. Experimentally, densification of the disilicate glass by elevated pressure is known and this feature is reasonably reproduced by the simulations. During the process of densification or ...
Pawlus S - - 2013
4-methyl-3-heptanol, a monohydroxy alcohol with a relatively small dielectric Debye process, is studied in wide ranges of temperature (143 K < T < 308 K) and pressure (0.1 MPa < p < 864 MPa). When monitored under isochronous conditions, i.e., focusing on constant relaxation times, as well as under isothermal ...
Meng Bin - - 2013
Surfactants exhibit maxima in their critical micelle concentrations upon application of hydrostatic pressure, which is attributable to changes in their volumes of micellization from positive to negative values with increasing pressure. We present a direct molecular simulation analysis of the volumes of micellization of an anionic, cationic, and nonionic surfactant ...
Landry Jayan Marie - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To determine the physiological and psychological effects of adding a Himalayan singing bowl (HSB) to a directed relaxation (DR) session. Design . Randomized crossover study. Setting . Community-based counseling practice. Subjects . Fifty-one participants completed two randomly assigned sessions beginning with either 12 minutes of HSB or ...
Xu L Y - - 2013
With the aim of preparing paper-based writing electronics, a kind of conductive pen was made with nano-silver ink as the conductive component and a rollerball pen as the writing implement. This was used to direct-write conductive patterns on Epson photo paper. In order to decrease the sintering temperature, pressure was ...
Kosty Jennifer A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Our objective was to determine whether there is variability in the foundational literature and across centers in how mean arterial blood pressure is measured to calculate cerebral perfusion pressure.METHODS:We reviewed foundational literature and sent an e-mail survey to members of the Neurocritical Care Society.RESULTS:Of 32 articles reporting cerebral perfusion pressure ...
Belonoshko Anatoly B - - 2013
We performed ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of the C2c and Cmca-12 phases of hydrogen at pressures from 210 to 350 GPa. These phases were predicted to be stable at 0 K and pressures above 200 GPa. However, systematic studies of temperature impact on properties of these phases have not been performed so ...
Fulcher Lewis P - - 2013
The classic work on laryngeal flow resistance by van den Berg et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 29, 626-631 (1957)] is revisited. These authors used a formula to summarize their measurements, and thus they separated the effects of entrance loss and pressure recovery from those of viscosity within the glottis. ...
Gray Rob - - 2013
How is performance under pressure influenced by the history of events that precede it, and how does the pressure outcome influence the series of events that follow? A baseball batting simulation was used with college players to investigate these questions. In Experiment 1, the difficulty of the simulation was first ...
Lee Dong Woo - - 2013
We propose an advanced combinational microfluidic multiplexing method capable of increasing the number of addressable fluidic channels dramatically. Using only 4 control lines, the proposed advanced combinational multiplexer, utilizing two different levels of control pressure, could address up to 19 fluidic channels, which is at least two times larger than ...
Ihmsen Markus - - 2013
We propose a novel formulation of the projection method for Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). We combine a symmetric SPH pressure force and an SPH discretization of the continuity equation to obtain a discretized form of the pressure Poisson equation (PPE). In contrast to previous projection schemes, our system does consider ...
Schmid Martin - - 2013
In mechanically ventilated patients, Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV) has been shown to be a useful parameter to guide fluid management. We evaluated a real-time automated PPV-algorithm by comparing it to manually calculated PPV-values. In 10 critically ill patients, blood pressure was measured invasively (IBP) and non-invasively (CNAP(®) Monitor, CNSystems Medizintechnik, ...
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